Navigation Links
Nanoparticles increase biofuel performance
Date:4/8/2011

College Park, Md. (April 8, 2011) -- How to put more bang in your biofuels? Nanoparticles! A new study in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy shows that the addition of alumina nanoparticles can improve the performance and combustion of biodiesel, while producing fewer emissions.

Why add nanoparticles? The idea, says lead author R. B. Anand, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at the National Institute of Technology in Tiruchirappalli, India, is that because of their high surface-to-volume ratio, the nanoparticleswhich, in the study, had an average diameter of 51 billionths of a meterhave more reactive surfaces, allowing them to act as more efficient chemical catalysts, thus increasing fuel combustion. The presence of the particles also increases fuelair mixing in the fuel, which leads to more complete burning.

In the study, Anand and co-author J. Sadhik Basha first used a mechanical agitator to create an emulsion consisting of jatropha biodiesel (a fuel derived from the crushed seeds of the jatropha plant), water, and a surfactant, then blended in different proportions of alumina nanoparticles. In addition to outperforming regular biofuel, the nanoparticle-spiked fuels produced significantly lower quantities of nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide gases, and created less smoke.

The researchers are now testing other types of nanoparticles, including hollow carbon nanotubes, and investigating the effects of nano-additives to engine lubrication and cooling systems. One obstacle to the application of this kind of nanotechnology is the high cost of nanoparticle production, says Anandwho also cautions that nanoparticles "should be used judiciously," because they tend to "entrain into human bodies."


'/>"/>

Contact: Charles E. Blue
cblue@aip.org
301-209-3091
American Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology technology :

1. New materials based on carbon nanoparticles
2. Nanoparticles improve solar collection efficiency
3. New instrument keeps an eye on nanoparticles
4. Special sugar, nanoparticles combine to detect cholera toxin
5. Targeted Gold Nanoparticles and Noninvasive Radio Fields Attacking One of the Deadliest and Least Curable Types of Cancer: Pancreatic Carcinoma
6. Tecnalia investigates nanoparticles for soil remediation
7. Scientist chronicle nanoparticles journey from the lungs into the body
8. Trouble with sputter? Blame giant nanoparticles
9. Gold nanoparticles enrich everyday products
10. Magnetic fields drive drug-loaded nanoparticles to reduce blood vessel blockages in an animal study
11. Study shows that size affects structure of hollow nanoparticles
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/10/2014)... Utah , July 10, 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ ... annotation and interpretation, today announced an agreement ... (NGS) analytics for Lineagen,s NextStep Dx ... of neurodevelopmental and neurological disorders, currently offers ... microarray (CMA) testing service used by healthcare ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... July 10, 2014   Ceres, Inc . (Nasdaq: ... company, announced today financial results for the three months ... its business. Ceres reported that the company ... performance this growing season in Brazil, which concluded in ... company,s sorghum evaluation areas for part of the growing ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... in the fight against terrorism with the creation of ... with the use of light and special glass fibres. ... B: Chemical , the researchers describe a novel optical ... low as 6.3 ppm (parts per million). It requires ... "Traditionally explosives detection has involved looking for metals that ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... published today in the journal PNAS (Proceedings of ... time of day and sleep deprivation have a significant ... when looking at the best time of day to ... and for administering medicines effectively. , Researchers from the ... London, investigated the links between sleep deprivation, body clock ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Tute Genomics Platform Selected to Provide Clinical Interpretation for Lineagen's NextStepDx PLUS Next-Generation Sequencing-Based Diagnostic Test 2Tute Genomics Platform Selected to Provide Clinical Interpretation for Lineagen's NextStepDx PLUS Next-Generation Sequencing-Based Diagnostic Test 3Tute Genomics Platform Selected to Provide Clinical Interpretation for Lineagen's NextStepDx PLUS Next-Generation Sequencing-Based Diagnostic Test 4Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 2Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 3Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 4Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 5Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 6Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 7Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 8Ceres Announces Fiscal Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 9Detecting trace amounts of explosives with light 2Time of day crucial to accurately test for diseases, new research finds 2
... by the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) and the Oregon ... landscape of regional, state, and local (RSL) nanotechnology initiatives. ... visits on April 30 Where: Portland, Oregon ... Street, Portland, OR Who: Leaders of regional, ...
... PML Consortium, an association of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, ... from BioFortis to share and manage data relating to ... adverse event. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is ... immunocompromised patients. PML has been identified as a known ...
... about the disease and its overall occurrence and progression ... market. This is being exacerbated by the limited availability ... need for innovative and enhanced therapeutic and diagnostic tools ... treatment options. New analysis from Frost & ...
Cached Biology Technology:Registration now open: 2012 Regional, State, and Local Initiatives in Nanotechnology 2Pharmaceutical Consortium Selects BioFortis Software to Manage Collaborative Clinical Data and Biobanking Activities 2European Multiple Sclerosis Market in Dire Need of Increased Disease Awareness and Treatment Options, Cautions Frost & Sullivan 2European Multiple Sclerosis Market in Dire Need of Increased Disease Awareness and Treatment Options, Cautions Frost & Sullivan 3
(Date:7/10/2014)... June 30, 2014  Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... services, previously announced on June 26, 2014 that its ... of $1.75 per share, or approximately $40 million in ... 10, 2014 and a payment date of July 24, ... it had set an ex-dividend date for this special ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... July 2, 2014 It is a great ... the appointment of the world-renowned Thoracic and Cardiovascular surgeon, ... Dr. Ginsburg, with over 34 years of ... Hospital and Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center. Dr. Ginsburg ... late 1980,s and is considered an expert in the ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... -- Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/h7h8lq/gesture ) has ... Recognition & Touch-Less Sensing (2D, 3D, Ultrasonic, IR, ... to their offering http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ... Sensing Market to Grow Exponentially. Touch-less sensing applications ... companies were unable to leverage this technology due ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NASDAQ Sets Ex-Dividend Date for Aware, Inc.'s Special Cash Dividend of $1.75 Per Share 2Avery Biomedical Devices, Inc. announces the appointment of Mark E Ginsburg, M.D. to its Board of Directors 2Global Gesture Recognition & Touch-Less Sensing (2D, 3D, Ultrasonic, IR, Capacitive) Market - Forecasts to 2020 2
... new study published as the cover article for the April ... ) promises to give physicians new ways to reduce deadly ... cord. In the report, scientists from Columbia University, NY, detail ... cells, called astrocytes, use to handle invading viruses and to ...
... Novocell, Inc., a stem cell engineering company, today announced ... covering human definitive endoderm cells, an essential cell for ... developing for use as a cell therapy for diabetes, ... as lungs, intestine, liver, thymus and thyroid. ...
... CORVALLIS, Ore. Studies done with laboratory rats suggest that ... effect in lowering triglycerides, which along with cholesterol levels and ... cardiovascular disease. In the lab animals, supplements of lipoic ... effect were the same in humans which is not ...
Cached Biology News:West Nile virus studies show how star-shaped brain cells cope with infection 2New approach discovered to lowering triglycerides 2New approach discovered to lowering triglycerides 3
HybriWell™ hybridization sealing system, 22 mm x 22 mm chamber, 0.15 mm deep *set of 100*...
RABBIT ANTI ISOCITRATE DEHYDROGENASE...
dithiothreitol (DTT) Reactive Dyes and Chemicals Thiol-Reactive Dyes, Haptens and Quenchers Reducing Agents...
Recombinant Equine IL-4, CF...
Biology Products: