Navigation Links
Nanoparticles and their orbital positions
Date:12/16/2013

Physicists have developed a "planet-satellite model" to precisely connect and arrange nanoparticles in three-dimensional structures. Inspired by the photosystems of plants and algae, these artificial nanoassemblies might in the future serve to collect and convert energy.

If the scientists' nanoparticles were a million times larger, the laboratory would look like an arts and crafts room at Christmas time: gold, silver and colorful shiny spheres in different sizes and filaments in various lengths. For at the center of the nanoscale "planet-satellite model" there is a gold particle which is orbited by other nanoparticles made of silver, cadmium selenide or organic dyes.

As if by magic, cleverly designed DNA strands connect the satellites with the central planet in a very precise manner. The technique behind this, called "DNA origami", is a specialty of physics professor Tim Liedl (LMU Munich) and his team. Together with the group of Professor Jochen Feldmann (also LMU Munich) they introduced and analyzed this novel assembly scheme. Both groups are part of the cluster of excellence Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM).

Large or small, near or far

A distinctive feature of the new method is the modular assembly system which allows the scientists to modify all aspects of the structure very easily and in a controlled manner: the size of the central nanoparticle, the types and sizes of the "satellites" and the distance between planet and satellite particle. The approach also enables the physicists to adapt and optimize their system for other purposes.

Photonic systems

Metals, semiconductors or fluorescent organic molecules serve as satellites. Thus, like the antenna molecules in natural photosystems, such satellite elements might in future be organized to collect light energy and transfer it to a catalytic reaction center where it is converted into another form of energy. For the time being, however, the model allows the scientists to investigate basic physical effects such as the so-called quenching process, which refers to the changing fluorescence intensity of a dye molecule as a function of the distance to the central gold nanoparticle.

"The modular assembly principle and the high yield we obtained in the production of the planet-satellite systems were the crucial factors for reliably investigating this well-known effect with the new methods," explains Robert Schreiber, lead author of the study.

A whole new cosmos

In addition, the scientists succeeded in joining individual planet-satellite units together into larger arrays, while maintaining the combinatorial freedom. This way, it might be possible to develop complex and functional three-dimensional nanosystems, which could be used as Raman spectroscopy platforms, as plasmonic energy funnels or as nanoporous materials for catalytic applications.


'/>"/>

Contact: Luise Dirscherl
dirscherl@lmu.de
49-892-180-2706
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Mnchen
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Marshall study shows nanoparticles used as additives in diesel fuels can travel from lungs to liver
2. Metal nanoparticles shine with customizable color
3. New measuring techniques can improve efficiency, safety of nanoparticles
4. Light touch keeps a grip on delicate nanoparticles
5. Nanoparticles seen as artificial atoms
6. Nanoparticles found in moon glass bubbles explain weird lunar soil behavior
7. Study improves understanding of surface molecules in controlling size of gold nanoparticles
8. Gold nanoparticles could treat prostate cancer with fewer side effects than chemotherapy
9. New structural information on functionalization of gold nanoparticles
10. New imaging technique homes in on electrocatalysis of nanoparticles
11. Lung mucus gel scaffold prevents nanoparticles from getting through
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... NX Prenatal Inc., a US based ... for early warning of adverse pregnancy outcomes, announced ... by Dr. Thomas McElrath of Brigham ... Medicine,s (SMFM) annual meeting held in ... The presentation reported initial positive top-line results regarding ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Inc. (NYSE MKT: ISR), a medical technology company and ... the treatment of prostate, brain, lung, head and neck ... the second quarter and six months of fiscal 2016, ... --> --> Revenue was $1.19 million ... December 31, 2015, a 12% increase compared to $1.07 ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... across three states, announced today the promotion of two long-standing principal investigators (PI) ... of Family Medicine, Clinical Research and Development. , Dr. Laurence Chu, a Benchmark ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... NC (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... anticipated expansion to their comprehensive training and support program, Sonalinkā„¢ remote monitoring. The ... HIFU procedures performed on Friday, February 5th, connecting Dr. Samuel Peretsman to a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:1/21/2016)... , January 21, 2016 ... to a new market research report "Emotion Detection and ... Others), Software Tools (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition and ... - Global forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... expected to reach USD 22.65 Billion by 2020, ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... Calif. , Jan. 20, 2016  Synaptics ... of human interface solutions, today announced sampling of ... solution for wearables and small screen applications including ... as printers. Supporting round and rectangular shapes, as ... offers excellent performance with moisture on screen, while ...
(Date:1/13/2016)... , January 13, 2016 ... has published a new market report titled - Biometric Sensors ... and Forecast, 2015 - 2023. According to the report, the global ... and is anticipated to reach US$1,625.8 mn by 2023, ... 2023. In terms of volume, the biometric sensors market ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):