Navigation Links
NASA technology helps predict and prevent future pandemic outbreaks
Date:1/3/2008

With the help of 14 satellites currently in orbit and the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations (NASA) Applied Sciences Program, scientists have been able to observe the Earths environment to help predict and prevent infectious disease outbreaks around the world. The use of remote sensing technology aids specialists in predicting the outbreak of some of the most common and deadly infectious diseases today such as Ebola, West Nile virus and Rift Valley Fever. The ability of infectious diseases to thrive depends on changes in the Earths environment such as the climate, precipitation and vegetation of an area.

Through orbiting satellites, data is collected daily to monitor environmental changes. That information is then passed on to agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Department of Defense who then apply the data to predict and track disease outbreaks and assist in making public health policy decisions. The use of this technology is not only essential for the future of curbing the spread of infectious diseases, explains John Haynes, public health program manager for the NASA Earth Science Applied Sciences Program. NASA satellites are also a cost-effective method for operational agencies since they are already in orbit and in use by scientists to collect data about the Earths atmosphere.

Remote sensing technology not only helps monitor infectious disease outbreaks in highly affected areas, but also provides information about possible plague-carrying vectors -- such as insects or rodents -- globally and within the U.S. The Four Corners region, which includes Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah, is a highly susceptible area for plague and Hanta virus outbreaks, and by understanding the mixture of vegetation, rainfall and slope of the area, scientists can predict the food supply of disease transmitting vectors within the region and the threat they cause to humans. Because plague is also considered a bioterrorism agent, NASA surveillance systems enable scientists to decipher if an outbreak was caused by natural circumstances or was an act of bioterrorism.

A particular infectious disease being targeted by NASA is malaria, which affects 300-500 million persons worldwide, leaving 40 percent of the world at risk of infection. The Malaria Modeling and Surveillance Project utilizing NASA satellite technology is currently in use by the Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences in Thailand and the U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit located in Indonesia. Data collected at these locations is combined and used to monitor environmental characteristics that effect malaria transmission in Southeast Asia and other tropical and subtropical regions. Malaria surveillance provides public health organizations with increased warning time to respond to outbreaks and assistance in the preparation and utilization of pesticides, which leads to a reduction in drug resistant strains of malaria and damage to the environment.

NASA satellite remote sensing technology has been an important tool in the last few years to not only provide scientists with the data needed to respond to epidemic threats quickly, but to also help predict the future of infectious diseases in areas where diseases were never a main concern, says Mr. Haynes. Changing environments due to global warming have the ability to change environmental habitats so drastically that diseases such as malaria may become common in areas that have never been previously at-risk.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Bender
jbender@environics-usa.com
203-325-8772
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Spherix Shareholders Support Companys Focus on Naturlose, Biotechnology
2. Novel Technology Breaks Through Cancer Pain
3. Amyris Biotechnologies Co-Founder Neil Renninger Named to Technology Reviews Prestigious TR35 List of Top Young Innovators
4. Advanced Cell Technology Announces Proposed Financing
5. Advanced Cell Technologys Dr. Robert Lanza Makes List of 100 Most Inspiring People in the Life-Sciences Industry
6. Operon Biotechnologies and DNA2.0 Announce Co-Marketing and Technology Development Partnership
7. BioMarin Licenses Technology From Leading Cystic Fibrosis Research Laboratory at the University of California, San Francisco
8. Microchip Biotechnologies, Inc. Secures Exclusive License to Use New University of Alberta Technology for Developing Microfluidic Devices
9. MedImmune Licenses Reverse Genetics Technology to Novartis for Use in Influenza Vaccine Development and Production
10. China Technology Announces New Chief Financial Officer
11. Medinet Licenses MaxCyte Cell Loading Technology for Cancer Immunotherapy in Japan
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/16/2017)... , Aug. 16, 2017  This year,s edition of the Inc. 5000 ... life sciences workforce solutions, has made the list for the third year ... the nation,s fastest-growing private companies based on a set of quantitative metrics. ... includes the fastest-growing companies in the Bay State . ... Inc. 5000 ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... that accelerate pharmaceutical and biotherapeutics development, announces the launch of the new ... needed to gain kinetic binding data for a wide range of molecules, including ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... the first time on Immuno-Oncology 360° (IO360°) programming through a series of upcoming panels ... be held February 7-9, 2018, at The Roosevelt Hotel in New York City. , ...
(Date:8/14/2017)... ... August 14, 2017 , ... Opal Kelly, a ... or PCI Express, announced the release of SYZYGY™, a new open standard for ... need for a compact, low cost, low pin-count, high-performance connectivity solution between FPGAs ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:6/30/2017)... , June 30, 2017 Today, ... developer and supplier of face and eye tracking ... Featured Product provider program. "Artificial ... innovative way to monitor a driver,s attentiveness levels ... from being able to detect fatigue and prevent ...
(Date:5/16/2017)...  Veratad Technologies, LLC ( www.veratad.com ), an innovative ... verification solutions, announced today they will participate as a ... thru May 17, 2017, in Washington D.C.,s ... Identity impacts the lives of billions ... evolving digital world, defining identity is critical to nearly ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017 The global ... landscape is marked by the presence of several large ... held by five major players - 3M Cogent, NEC ... accounted for nearly 61% of the global military biometric ... in the global military biometrics market boast global presence, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):