Navigation Links
More solid than solid: A potential hydrogen-storage compound
Date:4/2/2008

One of the key engineering challenges to building a clean, efficient, hydrogen-powered car is how to design the fuel tank. Storing enough raw hydrogen for a reasonable driving range would require either impractically high pressures for gaseous hydrogen or extremely low temperatures for liquid hydrogen. In a new paper* researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technologys Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) have demonstrated that a novel class of materials could enable a practical hydrogen fuel tank.

A research team from NIST, the University of Maryland and the California Institute of Technology studied metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). One of several classes of materials that can bind and release hydrogen under the right conditions, they have some distinct advantages over competitors. In principle they could be engineered so that refueling is as easy as pumping gas at a service station is today, and MOFs dont require the high temperatures (110 to 500 C) some other materials need to release hydrogen.

In particular, the team examined MOF-74, a porous crystalline powder developed at the University of California at Los Angeles. MOF-74 resembles a series of tightly packed straws comprised of mostly carbon atoms with columns of zinc ions running down the inside walls. A gram of the stuff has about the same surface area as two basketball courts.

The researchers used neutron scattering and gas adsorption techniques to determine that at 77 K (-196 C), MOF-74 can adsorb more hydrogen than any unpressurized framework structure studied to datepacking the molecules in more densely than they would be if frozen in a block.

NCNR scientist Craig Brown says that, though his team doesnt understand exactly what allows the hydrogen to bond in this fashion, they think the zinc center has some interesting properties.

When we started doing experiments, we realized the metal interaction doesnt just increase the temperature at which hydrogen can be stored, but it also increases the density above that in solid hydrogen, Brown says. This is absolutely the first time this has been encountered without having to use pressure.

Although the liquid-nitrogen temperature of MOF-74 is not exactly temperate, its easier to reach than the temperature of solid hydrogen (-269 C), and one of the goals of this research is to achieve energy densities great enough to be as economical as gasoline at ambient, and thus less costly, temperatures. MOF-74 is a step forward in terms of understanding energy density, but there are other factors left to be dealt with that, once addressed, could further increase the temperature at which the fuel can be stored. Fully understanding the physics of the interaction might allow scientists to develop means for removing refrigeration or insulation, both of which are costly in terms of fuel economy, fuel production, or both.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mark Esser
mark.esser@nist.gov
301-975-2767
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. SAFC Expands Hi-Potency API Manufacturing and Introduces Solid-Form Testing at Its Madison Facility
2. SeqWright Unveils ABI SOLiD(TM) Next Generation Genetic Analysis System
3. Ranbaxy to Consolidate Position in Biopharmaceuticals and Speciality Injectables Including Oncology
4. SAFC Hitech(TM) Joins Aviza and ST Microelectronics for Solid State Technology ALD Webcast
5. Caliper Life Sciences Introduces Zephyr SPE Workstation to Improve Efficiency of Solid Phase Extraction
6. Masada Teams With Leading Waste Management Firm to Produce Ethanol From Municipal Solid Waste in the Dominican Republic
7. ADVENTRX Announces Consolidation of Clinical and Management Positions
8. UW paper in Science shows how some solids mimic liquids on nanoscale
9. Halogen Announces Record Year - Company Solidifies Leadership Position, Secures Strategic Wins Over Competition
10. Assured Pharmacy Consolidates Portland, Oregon Pharmacy
11. Systems Medicine (SM), a Subsidiary of Cell Therapeutics, Inc. (CTI), Announces Execution of CRADA with NCI/NIH to Develop Potential Cancer Treatments Targeting the Insulin Growth Factor (IGF) Pathway
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
More solid than solid: A potential hydrogen-storage compound
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... 2017 , ... ComplianceOnline’s Medical Device Summit is back for its 4th year. ... San Francisco, CA. The Summit brings together current and former FDA office bearers, regulators, ... government officials from around the world to address key issues in device compliance, quality ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... A new study published ... frozen and fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) transfer cycles. The multi-center ... success. , After comparing the results from the fresh and frozen transfer cohorts, ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... ... Dr. Bob Harman, founder and CEO of VetStem Biopharma, Inc. ... event entitled “Stem Cells and Their Regenerative Powers,” was held on August 31st, ... was joined by two human doctors: Peter B. Hanson, M.D., Chief of Orthopedic Surgery, ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... , Oct. 9, 2017  BioTech Holdings ... mechanism by which its ProCell stem cell therapy ... limb ischemia.  The Company, demonstrated that treatment with ... of limbs saved as compared to standard bone ... molecule HGF resulted in reduction of therapeutic effect.  ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:8/15/2017)... Aug. 15 2017   ivWatch LLC , a medical device ... therapy, today announced receipt of its ISO 13485 Certification, the global ... International Organization for Standardization (ISO®). ... ivWatch Model 400 Continuous Monitoring device for the early detection of ... "This is an important milestone ...
(Date:6/30/2017)... , June 30, 2017 Today, American ... and supplier of face and eye tracking software, ... Product provider program. "Artificial intelligence ... way to monitor a driver,s attentiveness levels while ... being able to detect fatigue and prevent potential ...
(Date:6/14/2017)... June 15, 2017  IBM (NYSE: IBM ) is introducing ... event dedicated to developing collaboration between startups and global businesses, ... 15-17. During the event, nine startups will showcase the solutions ... various industries. France ... market, with a 30 percent increase in the number of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):