Navigation Links
Model predicts evolution of Mediterranean landscape following fires
Date:7/31/2009

An international research team has developed a mathematical and cartographical model that make it possible to view how Mediterranean landscapes evolve in the aftermath of forest fires. In order to carry out this research study, published recently in the journal Environmental Modelling & Software, the authors studied a Special Protection Area for Birds to the south west of Madrid.

"We have developed a model that shows on maps how various types of plants develop in a Mediterranean landscape, with the role of fire included as an integral feature in Mediterranean vegetation dynamics", Ral Romero Calcerrada, a researcher in the Department of Chemical and Environmental Technology at the King Juan Carlos University in Madrid, and co-author of the study published online in the journal Environmental Modelling & Software, tells SINC.

The area studied was Special Protection Area for Birds (SPAB) number 56, which covers the Holm oak woodland along the Alberche and Cofio rivers to the south west of Madrid. "Although these results could also be extrapolated to other Mediterranean regions", Romero points out.

The model is an original one, which predicts the most probable way in which vegetation will develop according to the variables introduced. It takes into consideration parameters such as the dispersal of plants (by shoots or seeds), their distribution over space and time, and the resources they compete for (primarily light and water).

Such ecosystems can generally evolve from grassland to scrubland (with rock rose, lavender and broom), later to transitional woodland (with pines, juniper and some Holm oaks) and finally to a Holm oak forest over a period of around 100 years. However, this evolution may be affected by a range of factors.

The results show, for example, that if the ground is dry, or there is a lack of Holm oak acorns, a burned area can turn into a pine forest within 30 years. However, in good water and soil conditions, the ecosystem could develop into a deciduous chestnut and melojo oak forest.

"The intensity and number of fires have a direct effect on how the vegetation evolves and the types of plants that grow", says Romero, who also points to the significant influence of humans on this and other factors affecting Mediterranean areas. In fact, this research study is part of a broader study into changes in soil use in rural areas, and will be incorporated into other models to help decision making about land use in these areas.

Cellular automata to represent fire

"We used 'cellular automata' to represent how fires spread, bearing in mind the flammability of the ground cover, the gradient of the land, wind speed and moisture levels of the vegetation", the lead author of the study, James D. A. Millington, from Michigan State University in the United States, tells SINC. 'Cellular automata' are mathematical tools used in artificial intelligence to track the movement of linked objects within a grid (in this case a map).

Millington says this model is able to represent landscapes over areas in excess of 1,000 hectares on a map with high spatial resolution (of 0.01 - 10 ha) and over timescales ranging from annual to more than a century.


'/>"/>

Contact: SINC
info@plataformasinc.es
34-914-251-820
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. "Over the Next 2-3 Years We Will Leverage Developmental Capabilities and Explore In-licensing and a Co-development Model to Consolidate Our Presence in Japan" - Dr. Kailash Sharma, President, Japan Operations, Zydus Cadila
2. Biomodels Expands Efforts in Cancer Supportive Care, Pulmonary Fibrosis; Preclinical Research Organization Names Dr. Stephen T. Sonis as Partner
3. EnVivo Pharmaceuticals Announces Reversal of Cognitive Deficits in Alzheimers Disease Transgenic Mouse Model With Gamma-Secretase Modulator
4. Lixte Biotechnology Holdings Lead Compound, LB-1.2, Enhances the Effectiveness of Standard Cancer Chemotherapy in Animal Models
5. Prospect Therapeutics, Inc.s GCS-100 Inhibited Blood Vessel Formation in a Variety of Cancer Models
6. Health Strategies Group Forecasts Emerging Trends in Future Sales Force Models at the SPBT 2009 Conference
7. SemBioSys plant-derived Apo AI(Milano) demonstrates encouraging biologic activity in seven preclinical models
8. Oncothyreons PX-866 is effective in preclinical model of pulmonary fibrosis
9. Global Financial Crisis Making Biotech Business Model Unsustainable, According to Ernst & Young
10. Ascenta Therapeutics Announces Results of Preclinical Evaluation of AT-406 in Multiple Cancer Models
11. METTLER TOLEDO and AAPS: Utilization of Process Modeling and Advanced Process Control in QbD based Drug Development and Manufacturing
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Model predicts evolution of Mediterranean landscape following fires
(Date:9/14/2017)... ... September 14, 2017 , ... ... scientist program (FSP)-- a flexible business approach similar to a full-time equivalent ... extensive project-based analytical and solid-state chemistry services and expertise with flexible extended ...
(Date:9/14/2017)... ... September 14, 2017 , ... One of the world’s largest World Marrow Donor ... six hours that day, the GenCure Marrow Donor Program will be signing up potential ... stores in San Antonio. , The registration tables will be staffed by employees from ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... ... September 12, 2017 , ... PhysIQ, ... cloud-based platform for ambulatory patient monitoring and clinical trial support, earned DPharm Idol ... conference in Boston. , Launched in 2005, PhysIQ leverages artificial intelligence (AI) ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... ... September 12, 2017 , ... September 15, 2017. ... Nicholson, Head of the Department of Surgery and Cancer and Director of the ... Coulter Lecture. His presentation, “Analytical Science in Precision Medicine: Facing the Challenges ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/11/2017)... PALM BEACH GARDENS, Fla. , April 11, ... biometric identity management and secure authentication solutions, today ... million contract by Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity ... technologies for IARPA,s Thor program. "Innovation ... the onset and IARPA,s Thor program will allow ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ:   NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or ... independent Directors Mr. Robin D. Richards and Mr. ... the company,s corporate governance and expertise. ... Gino Pereira , Chief Executive Officer said," ... and benefiting from their considerable expertise as we move forward ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... 5, 2017 Today HYPR Corp. , ... server component of the HYPR platform is officially ... end-to-end security architecture that empowers biometric authentication across Fortune ... already secured over 15 million users across the financial ... connected home product suites and physical access represent a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):