Navigation Links
Messages sent via molecules can aid communication underground, underwater or inside the body
Date:12/18/2013

Scientists have created a molecular communications system for the transmission of messages and data in challenging environments such as tunnels, pipelines, underwater and within the body.

The technique has a wide range of applications in environments where electromagnetic waves cannot be used, for example in underground structures such as tunnels, pipelines or in underwater environments.

Molecular signalling is a common feature of the plant and animal kingdom insects for example use pheromones for long-range signalling - but to date continuous data have not been transmitted.

Researchers at the University of Warwick in the UK and the York University in Canada have developed the capability to transform any generic message into binary signals, which in turn is 'programmed' into evaporated alcohol molecules to demonstrate the potential of molecular communications. Their results are published in the open access journal PLOS ONE.

The first demonstration signal was performed in Canada and was 'O Canada,' from the Canadian national anthem. It was sent several metres across open space before it was decoded by a receiver. The hardware is made from off-the-shelf electronics and costs around $100. The scientists believe the simple system could have a wide variety of applications, ranging from communication in hostile underground environments to nanotechnology.

"We believe we have sent the world's first text message to be transmitted entirely with molecular communication, controlling concentration levels of the alcohol molecules, to encode the alphabets with single spray representing bit 1 and no spray representing the bit 0," says York U doctoral candidate Nariman Farsad, who led the experiment.

Dr Weisi Guo from the School of Engineering at the University of Warwick said: "Imagine sending a detailed message using perfume it sounds like something from a spy thriller novel, but in reality it is an incredibly simple way to communicate.

" Of course people have achieved short ranged signalling using chemicals, but we have gone to the next level and successfully communicated continuous and generic messages over several metres.

"Signalling or cues are something we see all the time in the natural world - bees for example use chemicals in pheromones to signal to others when there is a threat to the hive.

"In the modern human world, our method won't replace electromagnetic waves which transmit the bulk of our data, but there are some areas where conventional communications systems are not particularly well-adapted.

"For example, inside tunnels, pipelines or deep underground structures, chemical signals can offer a more efficient way of transmitting sensor data, such as those collected to monitor the health of structures and processes.

"Potential targeted applications include wireless monitoring of sewage works and oil rigs. This could prevent future disasters such as the bus-sized fatberg found blocking the London sewage networks in 2013, and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010."

"They can also be used to communicate on the nano scale, for example in medicine where recent advances mean it's possible to embed sensors into the organs of the body or create miniature robots to carry out a specific task such as targeting drugs to cancer cells.

"On these tiny scales and in special structural environments, there are constraints with electromagnetic signals such as the ratio of antenna size to the wavelength of the signal, which chemical communication does not have.

"Molecular communication signals are also biocompatible and require very little energy to generate and propagate."

The team will now set up a company which aims to bring a range of academic and industrial products to the market.


'/>"/>

Contact: Weisi Guo
weisi.guo@warwick.ac.uk
44-079-087-26108
University of Warwick
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Welcome guests: Added molecules allow metal-organic frameworks to conduct electricity
2. Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds
3. Predictive Biomarker Discovery for Oncology Small-Molecules and Biologics - a Webinar Hosted by Xtalks
4. South Dakota School of Mines & Technology Researchers Document Splitting Water Molecules in Multiple Thermochemical Cycles with Goal to Sustain Hydrogen Energy
5. Islet Sciences Announces Exclusive License Agreement with the University of California (UCLA) to Commercialize Small Molecules for Islet Expansion
6. Imprisoned molecules quantum rattle in their cages
7. Metamolecules that switch handedness at light-speed
8. Study improves understanding of surface molecules in controlling size of gold nanoparticles
9. Discarded data may hold the key to a sharper view of molecules
10. Computer-designed molecules point to new therapy for cystic fibrosis
11. Single molecules in a quantum movie
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/9/2016)... 2016  A platform of orthopedic device technologies developed ... step closer to becoming viable options for repairing ... a start-up company from Philadelphia, PA. ... these novel absorbable bone fixation and regenerative repair ... use. The company has leased space within the ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... According to a new market research report "Oligonucleotide Synthesis Market ... (Research, PCR, Gene, DNA, NGS, Diagnostic, RNAI), End user (Academic, Pharmaceutical, ... is expected to reach USD 2.20 Billion by 2021 from USD ... forecast period. Continue Reading ... ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Lajollacooks4u, San Diego’s premier team building events and ... events, new program offerings and company expansion. , This is largely due ... groups of over 30 people. Ever since, Lajollacooks4u has seen significant demand for its ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... AskLinkerReports.com has published a report on ... Industry 2016 Market Research Report. From a basic outline of ... are all covered in the report. This report projects investment ... of the Amyloglucosidase industry. ... , , Complete ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:12/7/2016)...   Veridium , a leader in biometrics-based ... CEO James Stickland . Stickland, a seasoned ... has served in senior executive roles for HSBC, ... expanding a pipeline of venture capital and accelerating ... served as managing director of U.K.-based fintech firm ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , December 1, 2016 ... (Fingerprint, Voice), Future Technology (Iris Recognition System), Vehicle ... - Global Forecast to 2021", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... Million in 2016, and is projected to grow ... CAGR of 14.06%.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160303/792302) ...
(Date:11/29/2016)... VILNIUS, Lithuania , Nov. 29, 2016 ... high-precision biometric identification and object recognition technologies, ... kit (SDK) for fingerprint recognition solutions that ... extract a fingerprint template using less than ... used in compact devices that have limited ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):