VALENCIA, Calif., March 16 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- MannKind Corporation (Nasdaq: MNKD) today announced that it has submitted a New Drug Application (NDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requesting approval of AFRESA(R) (insulin monomer human [rDNA origin]) Inhalation Powder and the AFRESA(R) Inhaler for the treatment of adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus for the control of hyperglycemia.
There are 23.6 million people in the United States, or 8% of the population, who have diabetes. Diabetes currently affects 246 million people worldwide and is expected to affect 380 million by 2025. Each year, a further 7 million people develop diabetes and 3.8 million people succumb to the disease.
AFRESA is an ultra rapid-acting insulin. It is a drug-device combination product, consisting of AFRESA Inhalation Powder pre-metered into single unit dose cartridges and the AFRESA Inhaler as the delivery device for oral inhalation. However, the feature that distinguishes AFRESA from all other insulin products is not the route of administration - it is the pharmacokinetic profile. The large surface area of the lung provides unique access to the circulatory system. The pH-sensitive AFRESA particles immediately dissolve upon contact with the lung surface, releasing insulin monomers that rapidly enter the bloodstream. AFRESA achieves peak insulin levels within 12-14 minutes of administration, effectively mimicking the release of meal-time insulin observed in healthy individuals, but which is absent or impaired in patients with diabetes.
The NDA submission is based on an extensive clinical program, involving 44 completed studies and five ongoing studies at the time of submission. The clinical program included over 5,300 patients. More than 2,450 subjects with type 1 or type 2 diabetes were randomly assig
|SOURCE MannKind Corporation|
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved