Navigation Links
Major disease-vector mosquito reveals the secrets of its immune system
Date:10/1/2010

1st October 2010 - The Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito poses a significant threat to human health as a blood-sucking transmitter of elephantiasis-causing worms and encephalitis-inducing viruses. An international team of scientists, including researchers from the University of Geneva and the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics sequenced its genome and studied its responses to pathogen infections. Two articles published in today's issue of Science, describe results from comparing the Culex mosquito with the malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, and the dengue mosquito, Aedes aegypti, which offer new insights into the elimination of insect-transmitted diseases that seriously impact on global public health.

Mosquitoes are the most important disease-vectors. Species of Culex, Aedes, and Anopheles mosquitoes are responsible for the transmission of many human pathogens including parasites that cause malaria, viruses that trigger dengue and yellow fever, and West Nile encephalitis, as well as worms that cause lymphatic filariasis (also called elephantiasis). The capacity of different mosquito species to transmit these and other pathogens varies greatly, and much of this variation can be attributed to the mosquito immune system's ability to recognise and eliminate the pathogen. Applying their expertise in comparative evolutionary genomic analyses and insect immunity, Professor Evgeny Zdobnov and Dr Robert Waterhouse, from the University of Geneva Medical School and the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, joined forces with scientists from around the world to examine the Culex genome and its encoded genes.

Sequencing of the Culex genome, directed by Peter Atkinson and Peter Arensburger from the University of California Riverside, allowed researchers to perform a thorough comparison among the three disease-vector mosquito species. Focusing on the mosquito immune system, researchers led by Professor Marc Muskavitch from Boston College, the Broad Institute, and Harvard School of Public Health, examined the responses of each mosquito species to different pathogens including parasites, viruses, bacteria, and worms, to identify genes that play a role in mosquito immune defences."Our pathogenomics study took advantage of the sequencing of the Culex quinquefasciatus genome" says Professor Muskavitch, "to bring together data from experiments profiling responses of mosquito genes to pathogen infections, directed by Professor Lyric Bartholomay, with the results of comparative immunogenomics analyses led by Dr Robert Waterhouse". This study revealed many differences among these three mosquito species, and also that Culex, the most geographically widespread, "has an expanded immune gene repertoire, which may enhance its ability to adapt to diverse habitats with different pathogen challenges", explains Dr Waterhouse.

"These important studies" says Professor Zdobnov, "highlight how genome sequencing can greatly facilitate detailed experimental investigations to uncover the complex biology of these major disease-vector mosquitoes". Professor Bartholomay, from Iowa State University, adds that "by comparing numerous combinations of mosquito species infected with different pathogen types, our results indicate that pathogens that successfully develop in, and are transmitted by, disease-vector mosquitoes, have evolved to avoid mosquito immune responses". Improving our understanding of these vector-pathogen relationships significantly advances the long-term objectives of developing strategies to reinforce the mosquitoes' defences, making them immune to infections and breaking the chain of pathogen transmission.


'/>"/>

Contact: Irene Perovsek
irene.perovsek@isb-sib.ch
41-216-924-050
Swiss Institute of Bioinoformatics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. deCODE Discovers Major Genetic Risk Factor for the Most Common Form of Glaucoma
2. All-New Sermo Brings Major Enhancements to Nations Largest Online Physician Community
3. deCODE Discovers Genetic Risk Factor Linking Susceptibility to Four Major Vascular Diseases
4. Iowa Gains Momentum as Major Provider of Biorenewables
5. Orexigen(R) Therapeutics Announces That Contrave(R) Reduced Depression Scores and Body Weight in Overweight and Obese Patients With Major Depression
6. University of Minnesota researchers clear major hurdle in road to high-efficiency solar cells
7. Lexicon to Present at Two Major Healthcare Investor Conferences
8. Sensient Technologies Corporation Announces Major Investment in Natural Colors
9. Encorium Group, Inc. Announces New Business Contract Wins of $6.8 Million, Including Two Pivotal Phase III Studies for a Major Asian Technology Company
10. Epeius Biotechnologies Reports Major Clinical Advances: Noteworthy Clinical Case Studies in Cancer Gene Therapy
11. Graphene films clear major fabrication hurdle
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 19, 2017 AquaBounty Technologies, Inc. ... enhancing productivity in aquaculture and a majority-owned subsidiary of ... it has completed the listing of its common shares ... subscription from Intrexon. "AquaBounty,s listing on NASDAQ ... broaden our exposure to the U.S. markets as we ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 18, 2017 , ... LabRoots , the leading provider ... world, was today awarded the "Best Science & Technology Social Networking Service 2016" ... decided upon by a dedicated team of researchers and analysts. , The 2016 ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... spanning the full spectrum of drug and device development, and Prism Clinical ... companies and clinicians, today announced Verified Clinical Trials (VCT) has been ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Jan. 18, 2017  Northwest Biotherapeutics, Inc. (OTCQB: NWBO) ... immune therapies for operable and inoperable solid tumor cancers, ... Technical Officer of NW Bio, will present at the ... at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Miami, ... the session entitled "New Therapeutic Approaches – Expanding the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:1/11/2017)... N.J. , Jan. 11, 2017  Michael Johnson, co-founder of ... Venture Capital Group, Inc., has been named to the elite "Forbes ... 27,  was one of 600 people in 20 fields nationwide to ... percent of the 15,000 applicants were selected. ... He is currently a PhD candidate at ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... , Jan. 5, 2017  Delta ID Inc., ... iris scanning technology for automotive at CES® 2017. Delta ... GNTX ) to demonstrate the use of iris scanning ... and authenticate the driver in a car, and as ... the driving experience. Delta ID and Gentex ...
(Date:1/3/2017)... 3, 2017 Onitor, provider of digital health ... Track, an innovative biometric data-driven program designed to aid ... at the 2017 Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in ... the U.S., the World Health Organization (WHO), have identified ... adults who are overweight or obese. WHO also states ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):