Navigation Links
MIT: Leveraging learning for artificial respiration
Date:9/22/2007

CAMBRIDGE, MA- MIT researchers have found that the body's innate ability to adapt to recurring stimuli could be leveraged to design more effective and less costly artificial respirators. The new approach could minimize the need for the induced sedation or paralysis currently necessary for some patients on mechanical ventilation.

Nonassociative learning, or our innate ability to adapt to recurring stimuli, is the focus of work to be described in the September 12 issue of PLoS ONE, the online, open-access journal from the Public Library of Science.

Specifically, Chi-Sang Poon, a research scientist at the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology (HST), and colleagues examined rats under mechanical ventilation to see how they applied different forms of nonassociative learning to adapt to the rhythm imposed by the respirator.

Existing respirators do not consider the adaptive nature of breathing in their design. Some ignore the patient's natural rhythm and pump air in and out of the lungs on set intervals. As a result, doctors often must sedate or paralyze patients to prevent them from fighting an unfamiliar rhythm. Other respirator designs rely entirely on the patient to trigger the airflow. These systems, however, are costly and tend to be unreliable for weak patients such as newborns or those in critical care.

The MIT research suggests, however, that if a doctor takes the patient's natural breathing rhythm into account and sets the ventilator's rhythm in that same range, the patient will adapt and synchronize with the ventilator. This new approach could minimize the need for induced sedation or paralysis.

We have intrinsic nonassociative learning capabilities, called habituation and desensitization, that [can] make up for changes in the spontaneous rhythm due to artificial lung inflation, says Poon.

In tests of rats under artificial respiration, Poon found that, if using a suitable rhythm, rats
'/>"/>

Contact: Elizabeth Thomson
thomson@mit.edu
617-258-5402
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology technology :

1. Kind approach to leveraging biofuels
2. Distance-Learning Remote Laboratories using LabVIEW
3. Learning from the big boys: With technology, women urged to go gradual
4. Video game learning has no traction in K-12
5. TechnoJungle to highlight learning, innovation
6. Gaming conference explores interactive media in learning
7. Learning to swim in the global talent pool
8. Schmidt rejoins Renaissance Learning
9. Learning how far your message reaches by Googling yourself
10. Charter Business powers distance learning
11. Renaissance Learning CEO resigns to start company
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/25/2014)... 2014 At the request of the ... 60-day extension for the public comment period (Docket No. ... Model Aircraft established by Congress as part of the ... extension establishes the new deadline for comments as September ... Transportation/FAA notice published in the Federal Register on July ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... York, NY - July 24, 2014 -- Keryx Biopharmaceuticals, ... from the long-term, randomized, active control Phase 3 study ... iron-based phosphate binder, for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in ... PERFECTED study (PhosphatE binding and iRon delivery with FErric ... Journal of the American Society of Nephrology ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... Gain recognition for leadership and ... the biotech industry. Nominations are now being accepted ... you by the Bio Supply Management Alliance ... management professionals for the past 7 years. , ... Biotech industry – Manufacturers, Service Providers, Material Suppliers, ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... Calif. , July 24, 2014  Asterias ... in the emerging field of regenerative medicine, announced ... of a presentation to investors on Tuesday, July ... PDT.  The presentation will include an overview of ... access the webcast, visit http://www.ustream.tv/channel/asterias-biotherapeutics at ...
Breaking Biology Technology:FAA Grants Comment Extension at the Request of AMA 2Zerenex (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN 2Zerenex (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN 3Zerenex (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN 4Call for Submission: BSMA’s Supply Chain Management Innovation Awards 2Call for Submission: BSMA’s Supply Chain Management Innovation Awards 3Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Live Investor Webcast 2Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Live Investor Webcast 3Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Live Investor Webcast 4
(Date:7/24/2014)... YORK, NY (July 24, 2014) Scientists at ... Institute are one step closer to creating a ... a patient,s own cells. , For the ... (iPS) cells lines from skin samples of patients ... developed an accelerated protocol to induce these stem ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... of native animal species for food or commercial food ... factor in the decline of many species of primates ... that more than half of the species being consumed ... "By surveying not only the meat made available for ... the forest by hunters and brought to villages for ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... of 3.5 billion years of evolutionary trial and error, ... it may be reaching a tipping point. , In ... data published in Science , an international team ... animals is contributing to what appears to be the ... event. , Since 1500, more than 320 terrestrial vertebrates ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NYSCF scientists one step closer to cell therapy for multiple sclerosis patients 2Stanford biologist warns of early stages of Earth's 6th mass extinction event 2Stanford biologist warns of early stages of Earth's 6th mass extinction event 3
... human evolution follows a progressive trajectory is one of ... is often expressed in popular media by showing cavemen ... a notable exception). But is this assumption correct? ... In a paper published in the ...
... stop the spread of a deadly fungus that is threatening ... a new mathematical model. , White-nose syndrome, which is estimated ... year period, is probably caused by a newly discovered cold-adapted ... WNS is passed from bat to bat and concludes that ...
... and warms the world,s oceans with carbon emissions, the harder ... That,s the blunt message from a major new study ... and global warming will combine with local impacts like overfishing ... when they are struggling to survive. Modelling by a ...
Cached Biology News:Earliest humans not so different from us, research suggests 2Earliest humans not so different from us, research suggests 3Culling can't control deadly bat disease 2Acid oceans demand greater reef care 2
... a multitasking application capable of dynamic scheduling, ... operation of lab automation workcells easy for ... modification by programmers. • Users ... flowchart. If you can build a flowchart, ...
... The Eclipse C1 Plus is a ... highest-quality digital imaging with an ultra-compact and ... of the C1 Plusboost optical performance to ... acquisition.The system alsoincludes support for X and ...
No-Weigh Dithiothreitol (DTT) ,7.7 mg DTT/Tube x 48 tubes...
... digital microscope and camera system that does ... adjustment or software installation. Built on Nikon's ... simplicity and advanced technology for users of ... of a macro image and a micro ...
Biology Products: