Navigation Links
Livermore Team Awarded for Hydrogen Production Research
Date:8/29/2014

Livermore, California (PRWEB) August 29, 2014

Three Lawrence Livermore researchers have received the Department of Energy's 2014 Hydrogen Production R&D Award for their research in producing hydrogen photoelectrochemically -- by splitting water using sunlight.

Shared with collaborators from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), the award recognizes the team for its work developing models of photoelectrochemical solar-hydrogen production and corrosion processes.

These models have been crucial in the development of corrosion mitigation strategies for high-efficiency devices based on III-V semiconductor materials, offering a viable pathway to meet DOE's ultimate cost targets in renewable hydrogen production.

The Livermore team is made up of Tadashi Ogitsu, Brandon Wood and Woon Ih Choi. The Livermore team used quantum-mechanical models to characterize and optimize photoelectrode surfaces for solar to hydrogen fuel conversion.

To break it down simply, the project team develops materials to produce hydrogen by splitting water molecules, using sunlight as the only source of energy. Effectively, the process combines a photovoltaic (solar-cell) and with water electrolysis, but in a tightly coupled way. The system consists of a water-immersed semiconductor, which absorbs sunlight and generates electricity, and a co-catalyst (such as a platinum nanoparticle) that is dispersed on top of the semiconductor to aid in evolving H2 gas from water.

Ogitsu said the award is tied to a recent Journal of the American Chemical Society paper the team published in which a new type of hydrogen evolution mechanism and a way to optimize device performance was discussed.

For the project, NREL researchers design, assemble, and analyze the performance of photoelectrochemical cells based on carefully grown compound semiconductors of Ga, In and P. However, since these high efficiency devices tend to be prone to photo-corrosion, NREL has also been working with the Livermore and UNLV teams to improve their durability. As an example, the project team recently discovered that certain types of surface treatments such as nitrogen implantation can act in concert with specific cocatalysts to dramatically improve device lifetime.

In addition to modeling the device chemistry itself, the Livermore team plays an integral role in interpreting and analyzing the data from the experimental characterization team, which is led by UNLV. Electrode samples provided by NREL are analyzed at the Advanced Light Source at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory using X-ray synchrotron spectroscopy, which offers information about the local surface and interface structure. The Livermore team performs spectroscopy calculations of model surfaces to compare directly to the experiments and identify the key underlying mechanisms of durability improvement.

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/08/prweb12129753.htm.


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2014 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved

Related biology technology :

1. Lawrence Livermore engineering team makes breakthrough in solar energy research
2. Livermore Scientists Part of Organization That Will Receive Nobel Peace Prize Tuesday
3. Lawrence Livermore Biodetection Technology Could Screen for Emerging Viral Diseases
4. K computer research results awarded ACM Gordon Bell Prize
5. BioPower Systems Awarded $5 Million from Victorian Government
6. Fox Insurance Company Awarded $3.3 Million in Arbitration Against Former Pharmacy Benefit Manager
7. Ampio Pharmaceuticals Awarded Canadian Composition of Matter Patent That Strengthens IP Protection for Its Key Drug Ampion™
8. Sofie Biosciences Is Awarded a US Patent on a Family of Novel PET Probes for Use in Oncology and Immunology
9. Chinese Scientists Zhen-Yi Wang and Zhu Chen Awarded 7th Annual Szent-Gyorgyi Prize for Progress in Cancer Research
10. EUR 1.0 Million Grant Awarded to Exosome Diagnostics and Ludwig Maximilian University from German Federal Ministry for Education and Research to Develop Biofluid-Derived Exosome Diagnostics
11. Sloan Research Fellowships Awarded to 126 Young Scholars
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... Baltimore bio tech firm, ... security screening solution at the National Postal Forum 2017 in Baltimore, Maryland, May ... highly accurate, easy to use and low cost threat detection solution for government ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... California (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... Intelligence (AI), leading supplier of Common Lisp (CL) development tools, and market leader ... , which includes key performance enhancements now available within the most effective system ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... WA (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... Leaders ... division of Quorum, will be featured in multiple sessions at this week’s Association ... from emerging trends to best practices in clinical research. , "We are excited to ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... and Webster Bank, today announced first round funding to three startups through the ... early-stage financial support to new business startups affiliated with UConn. , The UConn ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/30/2017)... The research team of The Hong Kong ... identification by adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery and matching ... and accuracy for use in identification, crime investigation, immigration control, security ... ... A research team led by ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... N.Y. , March 27, 2017  Catholic ... Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics for ... EMR Adoption Model sm . In addition, CHS ... of U.S. hospitals using an electronic medical record ... for its high level of EMR usage in ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global ... 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Vehicle Anti-Theft System Market is ... next decade to reach approximately $14.21 billion by 2025. ... all the given segments on global as well as regional levels ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):