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Kaiser Permanente Study Finds Diabetes Doubling Before Motherhood
Date:4/27/2008

Largest Study to Date Examined 175,000 Teenage Girls and Adult Women

OAKLAND, Calif., April 28 /PRNewswire/ -- Diabetes before motherhood more than doubled in six years among teenage and adult women, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published in the May issue of Diabetes Care. http://care.diabetesjournals.org/

While previous studies have looked exclusively at gestational diabetes (diabetes that develops during pregnancy, then usually disappears after the baby is born), this is the largest and most diverse study to examine pre-pregnancy type 1 and type 2 diabetes, which is more dangerous than gestational diabetes and potentially harder to treat, as well as gestational diabetes.

Researchers at Kaiser Permanente's Department of Research & Evaluation in Pasadena looked at 175,249 women who gave birth in 11 Kaiser Permanente hospitals in Southern California between 1999 and 2005. Researchers found that there were twice as many births to women with diabetes in 2005 as there were in 1999. Fifty-two percent of the women in the study were Hispanic, 26 percent were White, 11 percent were Asian/Pacific Islanders and 10 percent were African-American.

This study found significant jumps in pre-pregnancy diabetes in every age, racial and ethnic group:
-- Diabetes increased fivefold among 13- to 19-year-olds giving birth

-- Diabetes doubled among women 20- and 39-year-olds giving birth

-- Diabetes increased by 40 percent among women 40 and older giving birth

-- African-American, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander women were more

likely to have diabetes before pregnancy than White women.

"More young women are entering their reproductive years with diabetes, in part due to the fact that our society has become more overweight and obese," said lead author Jean M. Lawrence, ScD, MPH, MSSA, a research scientist at Kaiser Permanente's D
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SOURCE Kaiser Permanente
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