Navigation Links
How well does protective headgear work for small children engaged in Winter activities?
Date:1/23/2012

Charlottesville, VA -- This time of year parents in northern regions bundle up their children in preparation for winter activities. In addition to layers of warm clothing, gloves, and boots, parents often use whatever athletic headgear is available to mitigate the potential hazards of winter sports and play. Currently no helmets are specifically designed to protect children's heads from the stresses and forces that may be encountered in activities such as tobogganing and ice skating.

To see just how well available protective headgear fare when used for winter activities such as tobogganing, researchers at the University of Ottawa and Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) undertook a laboratory investigation. Their focus was on helmets used to protect the heads of children younger than 7 years of age. The headgear tested included ice hockey, alpine ski, and bicycling helmets, because these are reportedly the most commonly used to protect small children during winter activities. Findings of the study can be found in the article "Performance analysis of winter activity protection headgear for young children. Laboratory investigation," published online today in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics. (http://thejns.org/doi/full/10.3171/2011.11.PEDS11299).

Blaine Hoshizaki, Ph.D., and colleagues used a monorail drop tower to simulate the types of impact that can be sustained by a child's head during mishaps in tobogganing. The various helmets were mounted on a head form representing the skull of a 6-year-old child. The motion of the "head" within the helmet when impact occurred was measured using accelerometers and recorded for a comparison of the protection afforded by the different helmets. The researchers looked at both low-velocity impacts (such as those occurring in a short fall) and high-velocity impacts (such as those sustained when a child slides downhill into an object). Impacts coming from the front and side were examined, as were linear and angular accelerations.

At lower-velocity impacts (2 to 6 meters per second) the ice hockey helmet was the most protective. At high-velocity impacts (8 meters per second) the bicycle helmet was more protective. In general, the alpine ski helmet did not protect "children's heads" during falls and slides as well as the other headgear tested, a finding surprising to the authors since skiing involves the potential for both types of injuries.

No winner was identified by testing. No helmet performed adequately for all impacts studied. Thus the authors could not endorse a type of helmet to be used by small children during winter activities. Instead, they state that the findings of the study highlight the need for a new type of winter play helmet that can withstand both low- and high-velocity impactsone that can protect the young child's developing brain from potentially grave injury.


'/>"/>
Contact: Gillian Shasby
gshasby@thejns.org
434-924-5555
Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Start of in-Patient Clinical Trials With NT-KO-003, the First Neuroprotective Drug for Multiple Sclerosis Without Immunosuppressive Effects
2. Inovio Pharmaceuticals DNA Vaccine for Foot-and-Mouth Disease Generates Protective Neutralizing Antibodies in Second Large-Animal Study
3. New CDC Guidelines for Prevention of Intravascular Catheter-Associated Infections Designate Chlorhexidine Gluconate-Impregnated Sponge as a Category 1B Recommendation Exclusively Based on Evidence Related to BIOPATCH® Protective Disk With CHG
4. Moleac Announces Breakthrough Results on Neuroprotective and Neurogenerative Properties of NeuroAiD
5. PharmAthene Submits White Paper to BARDA for Advanced Development Funding for SparVax(TM) - Novel Recombinant Protective Antigen Anthrax Vaccine
6. BARDA Announces Modification to Development Approach for Recombinant Protective Antigen Anthrax Vaccines
7. Finding a protective mechanism for retinal cells could save sight
8. Jellyfish Protein Extends Neuroprotective Tentacles at Neuroscience Conference
9. PharmAthene Response to DHHS Request for Proposals for Recombinant Protective Antigen Anthrax Vaccine Deemed Technically Acceptable and Within Competitive Range for Procurement Consideration
10. LoneStar Heart Acquires Worldwide Exclusive Rights to New Class of Small Molecules That May Lead to New Treatments for Diabetes
11. The worlds smallest magnetic data storage unit
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... ClinCapture, the only ... Center and will showcase its product’s latest features from June 26 to June ... scientific poster on Disrupting Clinical Trials in The Cloud during the conference. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... of intelligent tools designed, tuned and optimized exclusively for Okuma CNC machining centers ... The result of a collaboration among several companies with expertise in toolholding, cutting ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016 ReportsnReports.com ... report to its pharmaceuticals section with historic and ... and much more. Complete report on ... pages, profiling 15 companies and supported with 261 ... http://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/601420-global-cell-culture-media-industry-2016-market-research-report.html . The Global Cell ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Biomarkers: ... The global biomarkers market has grown ... market is expected to grow at a five-year compound annual growth ... billion in 2015 to $96.6 billion in 2020. ... 2020) are discussed. As well, new products approved in 2013 and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:6/7/2016)... , June 7, 2016  Syngrafii Inc. ... a business relationship that includes integrating Syngrafii,s patented ... branch project. This collaboration will result in greater ... the credit union, while maintaining existing document workflow ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160606/375871LOGO ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... --  The Weather Company , an IBM Business (NYSE: ... in which consumers will be able to interact with IBM ... voice or text and receive relevant information about the product ... have long sought an advertising solution that can create a ... and valuable; and can scale across millions of interactions and ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016 Ampronix facilitates superior patient care by providing ...  3D medical LCD display is the latest premium product recently added to the range ... ... ... Sony 3d Imaging- LCD Medical Display- Ampronix News ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):