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Graphene foam detects explosives, emissions better than today's gas sensors
Date:11/28/2011

lso is flexible, rugged, and robust enough to handle wear and tear inside of a device. Plus it is fully reversible, and the results it provides are consistent and repeatable. Most important, the graphene foam is highly sensitive, thanks to its 3-D, porous structure that allows gases to easily adsorb to its huge surface area. Despite its large size, the graphene foam structure essentially functions as a single nanostructure. There are no breaks in the graphene network, which means there are no interfaces to overcome, and electrons flow freely with little resistance. This adds to the foam's sensitivity to gases.

"In a sense we have overcome the Achilles' heel of nanotechnology for chemical sensing," Koratkar said. "A single nanostructure works great, but doesn't mean much when applied in a real device in the real world. When you try to scale it up to macroscale proportions, the interfaces defeats what you're trying to accomplish, as the nanostructure's properties are dominated by interfaces. Now we're able to scale up graphene in a way that the interfaces are not present. This allows us to take advantage of the intrinsic properties of the nanostructure, yet work with a macroscopic structure that gives us repeatability, reliability, and robustness, but shows similar sensitivity to gas adsorbtion as a single nanostructure."


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Contact: Michael Mullaney
mullam@rpi.edu
518-276-6161
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

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Graphene foam detects explosives, emissions better than today's gas sensors
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