Navigation Links
Genetic Engineering: A New Use for Algae in Biofuel Production
Date:7/29/2013

Lawrence, KS (PRWEB) July 29, 2013

Phycologia – In recent years major companies from all over the globe, including Exxon Mobile and Itochu Corporation, have merged with research facilities to research algae as a renewable energy source. However, it has been determined that far more research is needed before movement to the commercial production phase of algae biofuel can truly take place. A recent research study took up this challenge and examined a promising freshwater algal strain for possible genetic engineering applications that could make it a viable biofuel.

An article in the journal Phycologia takes an in-depth look at the genetic structure of a unicellular green alga, Botryococcus braunii, and explores its unique ability to be utilized in the genetic engineering of biofuel development. Botryococcus braunii was initially selected for large-scale biofuel production because of its extraordinary ability to synthesize large amounts of hydrocarbon oils. Several difficulties were encountered in the initial production and harvesting processes, leaving it by the wayside. However, this latest research reintroduces B. braunii as the perfect vehicle for genetic engineering applications when compared with three other species of green algae, five species of land plants, and eight other phyla species, including bacteria, archaea, fungi, and mammals.

The research focused on the codon usage, or DNA compatibility, of B. braunii with the other organisms. Codon usage for this particular alga is one of the fundamental genetic markers that had not been explored. Codons are greatly affected by the vast amount of guanines (G) and cytosines (C), two of the four nucleotides that make up a DNA molecule. Many green algal species having high GC content, which causes codon usage bias, or poor compatibility, with other organisms. Surprisingly, B. braunii had comparatively low GC content and its codon usage was similar to that of bacteria, mammals, and land plants.

Although further study is necessary, the ability of B. braunii to synthesize hydrocarbons, combined with the newly discovered codon usage and GC content data, could lead to new genetic engineering techniques that could hasten biofuel development and production.

Full text of the article, “Codon usage of Botryococcus braunii (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta): implications for genetic engineering applications,” Phycologia, Vol. 52, No. 4, 2013, is available at http://www.phycologia.org/doi/full/10.2216/12-041.1

About Phycologia
Phycologia is the official publication of the International Phycological Society and publishes papers on any aspect of algal research. For more information, visit http://www.intphycsoc.org.

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/7/prweb10966119.htm.


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2012 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved

Related biology technology :

1. Signal Genetics Announces Publication of BreastPRS™ Validation Study with Weill Cornell Medical College, New York
2. Signal Genetics LLC Announces Update to MyPRS™ Gene Expression Profiling Assay for Multiple Myeloma
3. BellBrook Labs and Tecan Offer Webinar on Screening Epigenetic Targets
4. Todays Technical View: Elan Corp., Amarin, Seattle Genetics, and Cubist Pharma
5. RiboMed and Austrian Institute of Technology Partner on Epigenetic Tests for Early Lung Cancer Detection, Sub-typing and Drug Response
6. Cellular Dynamics International Expands MyCell Products Line with Disease Models, Genetic Engineering Patents
7. Top Genetic and Cellular Researchers Honored at ASGCT 16th Annual Meeting
8. ASGCT Annual Meeting to Highlight Latest Advances in Genetic and Cellular Therapeutics
9. GeneTex Introduces New Mouse Monoclonal Antibody Against the Ten-Eleven Translocation 1 (TET1) Protein for DNA Methylation/Epigenetics Research
10. TessArae, LLC and Chinese esoteric laboratory, Kindstar Global, secure partnership for development of genetic tests.
11. Entia Receives Notices of Allowance for its Ergothioneine and Genetic Transporter Patents from the United States, Canada, and Israel
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/18/2017)... PA (PRWEB) , ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... operations again at the CHI SCOPE Summit for Clinical Ops Executives (Hyatt Regency ... engaging panel discussions to examine vital clinical research issues such as trial performance ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... ... Thirty-six startup companies in University City and Center City have been awarded ... Development in 2016 as part of the Keystone Innovation Zone (KIZ) Tax Credit Program. ... represent the highest number of awards to the largest number of companies in the ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... Jan. 18, 2017  Caris Life Sciences, a ... Foundation, the largest private funder of pancreatic cancer ... evaluating the impact of immunotherapy in the treatment ... enrollment services to identify potential trial candidates based ... treating physicians and study investigators. The Lustgarten Foundation ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... LGC Maine ... its VALIDATE® SP2 calibration verification / linearity test kit. VALIDATE® SP2 evaluates Albumin, ... VALIDATE® SP2 kit is prepared using the CLSI recommended “equal delta” method for ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:1/13/2017)... N.Y. , Jan. 13, 2017 ... technology solutions for the homecare industry, including Electronic ... homecare industry expert, Justin Jugs, as Senior Vice ... more than 15 years of homecare experience to ... in developing strategic plans to align Sandata,s suite ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... PORTLAND, Oregon and PUNE, India , January 12, 2017 ... Technology Market: Opportunities and Forecasts, 2015 - 2022," projects that the global biometric technology ... CAGR of 19.4% from 2016 to 2022. Continue Reading ... ... ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... Jan. 6, 2017  Privately-held CalciMedica, Inc., announced ... healthy volunteers of a novel calcium release-activated calcium ... pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis, sudden painful ... disorder, but can be very serious.  In severe cases ... where extended hospital stays, time in the ICU ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):