Navigation Links
Exotic particles, chilled and trapped, form giant matter wave
Date:5/25/2012

Physicists have trapped and cooled exotic particles called excitons so effectively that they condensed and cohered to form a giant matter wave.

This feat will allow scientists to better study the physical properties of excitons, which exist only fleetingly yet offer promising applications as diverse as efficient harvesting of solar energy and ultrafast computing.

"The realization of the exciton condensate in a trap opens the opportunity to study this interesting state. Traps allow control of the condensate, providing a new way to study fundamental properties of light and matter," said Leonid Butov, professor of physics at the University of California, San Diego. A paper reporting his team's success was recently published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.

Excitons are composite particles made up of an electron and a "hole" left by a missing electron in a semiconductor. Created by light, these coupled pairs exist in nature. The formation and dynamics of excitons play a critical role in photosynthesis, for example.

Like other matter, excitons have a dual nature of both particle and wave, in a quantum mechanical view. The waves are usually unsynchronized, but when particles are cooled enough to condense, their waves synchronize and combine to form a giant matter wave, a state that others have observed for atoms.

Scientists can easily create excitons by shining light on a semiconductor, but in order for the excitons to condense they must be chilled before they recombine.

The key to the team's success was to separate the electrons far enough from their holes so that excitons could last long enough for the scientists to cool them into a condensate. They accomplished this by creating structures called "coupled quantum wells" that separate electrons from holes in different layers of alloys made of gallium, arsenic and aluminum.

Then they set an electrostatic trap made by a diamond-shaped
'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Brown
scinews@ucsd.edu
858-246-0161
University of California - San Diego
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology technology :

1. New study confirms exotic electric properties of graphene
2. Exotic behavior when mechanical devices reach the nanoscale
3. Food and Beverage Giant Joins Kannapolis Research Center
4. Bay Area Youth to Represent ALS Patients at Giants and Angels Baseball Games on July 4th
5. Nevada Burning Man Festival Sees Giant Aerial Marijuana Bud Banner That Protests Hydroponics Hijacking
6. Reuters Highlights NutraPharma Financial Giant Predicts NutraPharma (OTCBB: NPHC) Shares Likely to Outperform the Market
7. Abt Electronics Becoming the Green Giant of Independent Retailers
8. VIASPACE CEO Discusses Giant King Grass at Industrial Biotechnology Congress in China
9. Trouble with sputter? Blame giant nanoparticles
10. Nanowires exhibit giant piezoelectricity
11. Carbon nanotube muscles generate giant twist for novel motors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Exotic particles, chilled and trapped, form giant matter wave
(Date:7/24/2014)... OAK RIDGE, Tenn., July 24, 2014 -- A novel ... at the Department of Energy,s Oak Ridge National Laboratory ... known for its unusual physical and electrochemical properties. ... examined how oxygen affects the surface of a perovskite ... electronic behavior. The new avenue to understand surface behavior ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... 24, 2014  Asterias Biotherapeutics, Inc. (OTCBB: ASTYV), ... of regenerative medicine, announced today that it will ... investors on Tuesday, July 29, 2014, at 4:30 ... include an overview of Asterias, business strategy and ... http://www.ustream.tv/channel/asterias-biotherapeutics at least 15 minutes before ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... by group leader Yung-Eun Sung has announced that ... and nitrogen-doped graphenes which can be applied as ... cells. Yung-Eun Sung is both a group leader ... for Basic Science* (IBS) and a professor at ... great significance with regards to the development of ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... and synthetic processes prefer to settle into equilibriuma ... is within the realm of non-equilibrium conditions where ... in energy and phases, such as temperature fluctuations, ... humans to regulate their body temperature, airplanes to ... activity. , But even though these conditions ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ORNL study reveals new characteristics of complex oxide surfaces 2Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Live Investor Webcast 2Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Live Investor Webcast 3Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Live Investor Webcast 4New approach to form non-equilibrium structures 2
... Pittsburgh as I returned from Thanksgiving celebrations. That can only mean ... be far away. This season, the tech industry has a sack ... my favorites. , , FOR THE NETWORKED HOME THAT HAS (ALMOST) ... the Mirra Personal Server is among the most elegant and useful ...
... the UW-Madison survive as a public university when public ... , ,Thats the question being posed these days by ... as a catalyst for Wisconsins high-tech, high-growth economy will ... ,Wiley also believes the university will become less accessible ...
... MILWAUKEE -- Capital Data, Inc., a provider ... today that it is now a Sun Microsystems iForce ... successful completion of advanced training in Sun technology by ... in this region since 1989, we are delighted to ...
Cached Biology Technology:Holiday Tech Gizmo's to Give and Get 2UW-Madison Chancellor Wiley Challenges State to Think About Universitys Future 2UW-Madison Chancellor Wiley Challenges State to Think About Universitys Future 3
(Date:7/24/2014)... 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- The Geneva Healthcare Suite, an innovative ... cut emergency room wait times by an average of ... Center, according to a recent study published in the ... using the suite to access data from incoming patients, ... "Using Geneva,s technology platform we have been able ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... on average over a 35 year period in which ... impact of humans on declining animal numbers. This decline ... insects, spiders, crustaceans, slugs and worms bring to our ... decomposition for nutrient cycling, water filtration and human health. ... led by UCL, Stanford and UCSB, focused on the ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... Imagine a smog-free Los Angeles, where electric cars ply ... run on heat from beneath the earth, from howling ... new Stanford study finds that it is technically and ... one powered by clean, renewable energy. Published in ... sustainable, inexpensive and reliable energy supply in California that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UC San Diego Medical Center Cuts Average ER Wait Time by 92 Minutes using the Geneva Healthcare Suite 2UC San Diego Medical Center Cuts Average ER Wait Time by 92 Minutes using the Geneva Healthcare Suite 3Invertebrate numbers nearly halve as human population doubles 2Invertebrate numbers nearly halve as human population doubles 3Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun 2Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun 3Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun 4
... COLLEGE PARK, Md. - The University of Maryland has ... Foundation to acquire a superconducting 800 MHz Nuclear Magnetic ... to solve complex problems in biology and medicine. The ... be located on the College Park campus and will ...
... horizontal edges to regulate altitude, says a team of ... finding contradicts a previous model, which posited that insects ... them as they fly. This mechanism for controlling ... horizontal edges in their environmentis very similar to the ...
... LA JOLLA, CA August 20, 2010 ERepeatedly ... down the brain cell receptors that respond to it, ... a surprising new study led by Scripps Research Institute ... implications for drug development. The natural painkiller, 2-AG, ...
Cached Biology News:University of Maryland receives $1.9M from NSF for investigations of biomolecular structure 2Fruit flies use horizontal landmarks for altitude control, says Caltech research team 2Fruit flies use horizontal landmarks for altitude control, says Caltech research team 3Fruit flies use horizontal landmarks for altitude control, says Caltech research team 4New study sheds light on painkilling system in brain 2New study sheds light on painkilling system in brain 3New study sheds light on painkilling system in brain 4
...
...
Request Info...
LECHNER AND LaVECK MEDIUMfor the clonal growth of normal human bronchial and other epithelial cells. Requires additives. With glutamine.Recommended storage condition:oC to 8oCIntended use(s):research...
Biology Products: