XL184 inhibits MET, RET, and VEGFR2, which are key drivers of tumor growth, metastasis, survival, and angiogenesis. In pharmacodynamic studies in mice, oral administration of XL184 resulted in balanced and durable inhibition of these targets. The compound has also shown activity against common mutant forms of RET and MET. XL184 has exhibited dose-dependent tumor growth inhibition and tumor regression in a variety of tumor models, including breast cancer, colon cancer, MTC, non-small cell lung cancer, and glioblastoma.
About Medullary Thyroid Cancer
The American Cancer Society estimates that MTC accounts for 5% of all thyroid cancers. MTC occurs in sporadic and inherited forms (approximately 80% and 20% of MTC, respectively). Patients with the inherited form of MTC invariably have an activating mutation in RET in their germline DNA. Activating mutations in RET are also present in the tumor DNA of up to 50% of sporadic MTC patients with no familial history of thyroid cancer. MTC may metastasize to lymph nodes or other organs before it is ever diagnosed. Additionally, MTC does not take up radioactive iodine, which is commonly used to treat other types of thyroid cancers and to diagnose metastases. As a result, MTC is more difficult to treat than other thyroid cancers. There are no approved therapies for MTC; however, common treatments for MTC include surgery to remove malignant tissue, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, all of which are associated with potential side effects, some of which may be long-term.
Exelixis, Inc. is a development-stage biotechnology compa
|SOURCE Exelixis, Inc.|
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