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Emerging Lymphoma and Myeloma Treatments Focus on Improving Individual Patient Response
Date:12/11/2011

n-bulky (small tumor size) clinical stage I-IIA HL were stratified into low- and high-risk groups and randomized into two treatment arms: those who received ABVD and those who received extended-field RT (with or without ABVD).  By comparing survival rates of the two treatment arms, researchers found that at 12 years, participants treated with ABVD had better OS (94%) than those treated with radiation-based therapy (87%). However, patients treated with RT had better FFDP than those who were randomized to ABVD alone, a finding that was aligned with previous results of short-term success rates using RT. Researchers did not find a significant difference in EFS between the groups. 

When analyzing results specifically for high-risk patients, who may carry a poorer prognosis, the findings were generally similar to the primary analysis, with higher OS rates observed in the ABVD treatment arm group (92%) when compared to the ABVD plus RT group (81%). Late effects of treatment, such as heart conditions or secondary cancers, were also less frequent in patients treated with ABVD alone.

"The results of our study suggest that in the long-term patients with limited-stage HL may be better served by a treatment approach that uses chemotherapy without radiation, as this method seems to be associated with fewer deaths from other causes," said lead author Ralph M. Meyer, MD, Director of the NCIC CTG. "After 12 years of follow-up, we have gained valuable and reliable insights about the long-term value of specific therapeutic interventions to help clinicians make more informed treatment decisions and better manage the possible risks for their patients."

Data from this study are updated from a five-year outcomes study published in 2005. The study was made possible through NCIC CTG's grant funding from the Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute. The NCIC CTG and ECOG each receive grant funding support from the U.S. National Cancer Institute.

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SOURCE American Society of Hematology
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