Navigation Links
Electrochemistry controlled with a plasma electrode
Date:10/20/2011

Engineers at Case Western Reserve University have made an electrochemical cell that uses a plasma for an electrode, instead of solid pieces of metal.

The technology may open new pathways for battery and fuel cell design and manufacturing, making hydrogen fuel and synthesizing nanomaterials and polymers.

A description of the research is now published in the online edition of the Journal of the American Chemical Society at http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja207547b.

"Plasmas formed at ambient conditions are normally sparks which are uncontrolled, unstable and destructive," said Mohan Sankaran, a chemical engineering professor and senior author of the paper. "We've developed a plasma source that is stable at atmospheric pressure and room temperature which allows us to study and control the transfer of electrons across the interface of a plasma and an electrolyte solution."

Sankaran worked with former students Carolyn Richmonds and Brandon Bartling, current students Megan Witzke and Seung Whan Lee and fellow chemical engineering professors Jesse Wainright and Chung-Chiun Liu.

The group used a traditional set up with their nontraditional electrode.

They filled an electrochemical cell, essentially two glass jars joined with a glass tube, with an electrolyte solution of potassium ferricyanide and potassium chloride.

For the cathode, argon gas was pumped through a stainless steel tube that was placed a short distance above the solution. A microplasma formed between the tube and the surface.

The anode was a piece of silver/silver chloride.

When a current was passed through the plasma, electrons reduced ferricyanide to ferrocyanide.

Monitoring with ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry showed the solution was reduced at a relatively constant rate and that each ferrycyanide molecule was reduced to one ferrocyanide molecule.

As the current was raised, the rate of reduction increased. And testing at both electrodes showed no current was lost.

The researchers, however, found two drawbacks.

Only about one in 20 electrons transferred from the plasma was involved in the reduction reaction. They speculate the lost electrons were converting hydrogen in the water to hydrogen molecules, or that other reactions they were unable to monitor were taking place. They are setting up new tests to find out.

Additionally, the power needed to form the plasma and induce the electrochemical reactions was substantially higher than that required to induce the reaction with metal cathodes.

The researchers know their first model may not be as efficient as what most industries need, but the technology has potential to be used in a number of ways.

Working with Sankaran, Seung has scanned a plasma over a thin film to reduce metal cations to crystalline metal nanoparticles in a pattern.

"The goal is to produce nanostructures at the same small scale as can be done now with lithography in a vacuum, but in an open room," Seung said.

They are investigating whether the plasma electrode can replace traditional electrodes where they've come up short, from converting hydrogen in water to hydrogen gas on a large scale to reducing carbon dioxide to useful fuels and commodity chemicals such as ethanol.

The researchers are fine-tuning the process and testing for optimal combinations of electrode design and chemical reactions for different uses.

"This is a basic idea," Sankaran said. "We don't know where it will go."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-368-4442
Case Western Reserve University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Building, Validating & Maintaining Controlled Environment Facilities is Focus of Oct. 18th Seminar in Boston Hosted by Microtest Laboratories
2. Mind-Controlled Bionic Limbs Holding Promise, and the Demand is Growing say IEEE Experts
3. Light propagation controlled in photonic chips -- major breakthrough in telecommunications field
4. UCLA researchers now 1 step closer to controlled engineering of nanocatalysts
5. Robot arm improves performance of brain-controlled device
6. Lotus Pharmaceuticals Announces New Patent for Controlled-Release Diabetes Drug
7. Phase III Randomised Controlled Trial Confirms Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Radioembolisation Using 90Y-resin Microspheres for Patients With Inoperable Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases That Have Failed Chemotherapy
8. Health Robotics i.v.STATION Certified as the Only Robot to Comply with Security Guidelines for Controlled Substances
9. YM BioSciences announces controlled equity offering
10. Æterna Zentaris Partner Keryx Reports a Statistically Significant Benefit in Survival from Updated Results of a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase 2 Study of Perifosine (KRX-0401) in the Treatment of Advanced Metastatic Colon Cancer
11. Harvest Technologies Announces Completion of Patient Enrollment in its Randomized, Controlled, Double Blind Multicenter IDE Non-Reconstructable Critical Limb Ischemia Trial
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... FireflySci, Inc is an explosive small business ... had the goal of bringing their powerful cuvette and spectrophotometer calibration to ... that FireflySci is going on as they add yet another mark on the global ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Calif., Feb. 23, 2017 ... dollars, except per share data, unaudited)Three Months Ended December ... BioMarin Revenue $     ... 22832%$ 1,117$   89026%Aldurazyme Net Product Revenue ... 906538%34823946%Naglazyme Net Product Revenue  ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Feb. 23, 2017  Seattle,s upscale Capitol Hill neighborhood, with its ... place for a head lice treatment salon to set up ... Tuscan restaurant and a French bistro on E Madison Ave, ... aren,t just any old lice clinic, we pride ourselves on ... and release some of the stigma associated with lice. Everyone ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... insulin, cortisol, CRP, adiponectin, uric acid, and/or other biomarkers or SNPs of interest) ... from Salimetrics’ SalivaLab , the relationship between insulin and other relevant biomarkers ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:2/16/2017)...  Genos, a community for personal genetic discovery ... Laboratory Accreditation from the College of American Pathologists ... that meet stringent requirements around quality, accuracy and ... "Genos is committed to maintaining the highest ... to be receiving CAP accreditation," said Jill ...
(Date:2/9/2017)... LONDON , Feb. 9, 2017 The ... in-depth analysis of the biomass boiler market globally in ... sales of biomass boilers. The market for biomass boilers ... product type, end-user, application, and country/region. The market based ... agriculture & forest residues, biogas & energy crops, urban ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... -- Report Highlights The global biosurgery market ... in 2016 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) ... - An overview of the global market for biosurgery. ... 2015 and 2016, and projections of compound annual growth ... on the basis of product type, source, application, and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):