Navigation Links
Directed self-ordering of organic molecules for electronic devices

A simple surface treatment technique demonstrated by a collaboration between researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Penn State and the University of Kentucky potentially offers a low-cost way to mass produce large arrays of organic electronic transistors on polymer sheets for a wide range of applications including flexible displays, intelligent paper and flexible sheets of biosensor arrays for field diagnostics.

In a paper posted this week,* the team describes how a chemical pretreatment of electrical contacts can induce self-assembly of molecular crystals to both improve the performance of organic semiconductor devices and provide electrical isolation between devices.

Organic electronic devices are inching towards the market. Compounds with tongue-twisting names like 5,11-bis(triethylsilylethynyl) anthradithiophene can be designed with many of the electrical properties of more conventional semiconductors. But unlike traditional semiconductors that require high-temperature processing steps, organic semiconductor devices can be manufactured at room temperature. They could be built on flexible polymers instead of rigid silicon wafers. Magazine-size displays that could be rolled up or folded to pocket size and plastic sheets that incorporate large arrays of detectors for medical monitoring or diagnostics in the field are just a couple of the tantalizing possibilities.

One unsolved problem is how to manufacture them efficiently and at low cost. Large areas can be coated rapidly with a thin film of the organic compound in solution, which dries to a semiconductor layer. But for big arrays like displays, that layer must be patterned into electrically isolated devices. Doing that requires one or more additional steps that are costly, time-consuming and/or difficult to do accurately.

The NIST team and their partners studied the organic version of a workhorse devicethe field effect transistor (FET)that commonly is used as a switch to, for example, turn pixels on and off in computer displays. The essential structure consists of two electrical contacts with a channel of semiconductor between them. The researchers found that by applying a specially tailored pretreatment compound to the contacts before applying the organic semiconductor solution, they could induce the molecules in solution to self-assemble into well-ordered crystals at the contact sites. These structures grow outwards to join across the FET channel in a way that provides good electrical properties at the FET site, but further away from the treated contacts the molecules dry in a more random, helter-skelter arrangement that has dramatically poorer propertieseffectively providing the needed electrical isolation for each device without any additional processing steps. The work is an example of the merging of device structure and function that may enable low cost manufacturing, and an area where organic materials have important advantages.

In addition to its potential as a commercially important manufacturing process, the authors note, this chemically engineered self-ordering of organic semiconductor molecules can be used to create test structures for fundamental studies of charge transport and other important properties of a range of organic electronic systems.


Contact: Michael Baum
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Related biology technology :

1. EpiCept to Present Pre-clinical Advances of Myc Oncogene Directed Drug Discovery at Assays and Cellular Targets Conference
2. Discas, Inc. Sells Shares to SNX Organic Fertilizers, Inc.
3. Velcura Therapeutics, Inc. Teams with International Discovery Sourcing Consultants to Develop New Therapeutic Molecules for Cancer and Bone Disease
4. Foamix Signs Term Sheet to Acquire License to Organo-Boron Antifungal Molecules - Will Target the $11 Billion Dollars Fungal Infection Market
5. When proteins, antibodies and other biological molecules kiss, a new kind of biosensor can tell
6. When proteins, antibodies and other biological molecules kiss, a new kind of biosensor can tell
7. Molecules line up to make the tiniest of wires
8. Hayes Clinical Labs to Market MedeFiles Proprietary Electronic Medical Record Management Solution to Patients
9. BioElectronics Announces Canadian Retail Product Launch
10. Hybrid semiconductors show zero thermal expansion; Could lead to hardier electronics
11. Move over, silicon: Advances pave way for powerful carbon-based electronics
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Directed self-ordering of organic molecules for electronic devices
(Date:12/1/2015)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... December ... ... , a leading relationship marketing company specializing in scientifically backed, age-defying products, ... January 2016 issue, which highlights the exponential success and unrivaled opportunities that ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... DIEGO , December 1, 2015 Dr. Harry Lander ... serving as Chief Science Officer and recruits ... Dr. Harry Lander , President of Regen, expands his role to ... and recruits five distinguished scientists to join ... Regen, expands his role to include serving ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ) has ... Virology and Bacteriology Testing Market: Sales and ... Shares by Test, Innovative Technologies, Competitive Strategies, ... --> ) has announced the ... Bacteriology Testing Market: Sales and Volume Segment ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... MIAMI (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... opening of a new, Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) 10000 in the Santiago Marriott. ... technologies available, and is operated by a world-class team of qualified medical researchers ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:11/11/2015)...   MedNet Solutions , an innovative SaaS-based eClinical technology ... pleased to announce that it will be a Sponsor of ... to be held November 17-19 in Hamburg ... of iMedNet , MedNet,s easy-to-use, proven and ... has been able to deliver time and cost savings of ...
(Date:11/4/2015)... 2015 --> ... by Transparency Market Research "Home Security Solutions Market - Global ... - 2022", the global home security solutions market is expected to ... The market is estimated to expand at a CAGR ... 2022. Rising security needs among customers at homes, the ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... 2015  Rubicon Genomics, Inc., today announced an ... its DNA library preparation products, including the ThruPLEX ... Plasma-seq kit. ThruPLEX Plasma-seq has been optimized for ... libraries for liquid biopsies--the analysis of cell-free circulating ... in cancer and other conditions. Eurofins Scientific is ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):