Navigation Links
Digesting the termite digestome -- a way to make biofuels?
Date:10/21/2008

If the biofuel known as bioethanol is to make a major contribution to our fuel supplies, then we may well require the assistance of some tiny insect helpers, says Michael Scharf, an assistant professor of entomology at the University of Florida, Gainesville.

In a review to be published in Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining, Scharf and his colleague Aurlien Tartar describe how the enzymes produced by both termites and the micro-organisms that inhabit their gut known as symbionts could help to produce ethanol from non-edible plant material such as straw and wood.

"Through millions and millions of years of evolution, termites and their symbionts have acquired highly specialised enzymes that work together to efficiently convert wood and other plant materials into simple sugars," says Scharf. "These enzymes are of the most value to bioethanol production."

Current bioethanol production processes tend to use edible plant materials, such as starch from corn (maize) and sugar from sugar cane, which contain easily accessible sugar molecules that can be fermented to produce ethanol. However, using food crops to produce ethanol has proved highly controversial, with bioethanol being blamed for much of the recent rises in food prices.

The non-edible parts of many plants also contain a large number of sugar molecules, which could potentially be used to produce ethanol. But the problem is that these sugar molecules are far less accessible. This is because they're locked up within a substance known as lignocellulose, which provides structural support for plant cell walls.

Breaking this substance up into its component sugar molecules is far from easy. One approach involves pretreating the lignocellulose by heating it in combination with acids or bases and then exposing the pretreated material to various enzymes. Another approach is very fine grinding followed by enzymatic treatment.

Termites, on the other han
'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Beal
wbnewseurope@wiley.com
44-012-437-70633
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology technology :

1. DOE JGI plumbs termite guts to yield novel enzymes for better biofuel production
2. Verenium Explores Bacterial Genes Inside Termite Guts to Understand How Wood is Broken Down and Converted to Energy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/2/2015)... Apache Junction, AZ (PRWEB) June 02, 2015 ... of light microscope technology, Yancy Corporation is ... with any desired material and biological sample, displaying the ... and electron bonds between atoms. , Jeff Porter, Co-Founder ... new physics are just that – rare. They come ...
(Date:6/2/2015)... 2, 2015 MGB Biopharma ... resistance problem  MGB Biopharma, a biopharmaceutical ... to address the major global problem of antibiotic ... stable intravenous (IV) formulation of MGB-BP-3, designed for the ... The intravenous formulation of MGB-BP-3 is ...
(Date:6/2/2015)... June 02, 2015 German-based Moenninghoff has ... States distributor for the Moenninghoff product line . ... am pleased to announce that the R.M. Hoffman Company ... our firm, founded in 1916, this is a strategically ... is the kind of professional distributor we need to ...
(Date:6/2/2015)... Orleans, LA (PRWEB) June 02, 2015 ... custom gene synthesis to improve protein expression, announced the ... board includes six executives and entrepreneurs with a broad ... software industries. , The team includes: , Jimmy ... Fund: , Roussel has a background in technology and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Scientists Eying Rare Discovery Of New Physics & Light Microscope Technology 2MGB Biopharma Succeeds in Developing an IV Formulation of MGB-BP-3 for the Treatment of Systemic Susceptible and Resistant Gram-Positive Hospital-Acquired Infections 2MGB Biopharma Succeeds in Developing an IV Formulation of MGB-BP-3 for the Treatment of Systemic Susceptible and Resistant Gram-Positive Hospital-Acquired Infections 3R.M. Hoffman Company designated official United States distributor for the Moenninghoff product line. 2R.M. Hoffman Company designated official United States distributor for the Moenninghoff product line. 3GenoCAD Announces New Board of Advisors, Improves Protein Expression Using Custom Gene Synthesis 2GenoCAD Announces New Board of Advisors, Improves Protein Expression Using Custom Gene Synthesis 3
... New statistics just released reveal that R&D investment in ... in 2008, an increase of 3 percent from 2007, ... Company, a San Francisco based global leader in life ... Equity, Merchant Banking and Media and the Washington DC-based ...
... March 10 Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: AMLN ... Annual Health Care Conference on Tuesday, March 17, ... Boston. Daniel M. Bradbury, president and chief executive officer ... presentation and breakout session will be webcast, and a recording ...
... FM53 mask with its ISI developed SCBA systemBALTIMORE, March ... respiratory protection, Avon Protection Systems - a subsidiary of ... for Occupational Safety and Health) approval for its new ... division. The ST53 system combines Avon,s tactical FM53 dual ...
Cached Biology Technology:R&D Spending by U.S. Biopharmaceutical Companies Increases 3 Percent in 2008 2R&D Spending by U.S. Biopharmaceutical Companies Increases 3 Percent in 2008 3Avon Protection Systems Receives NIOSH Approval for ST53 SCBA System 2Avon Protection Systems Receives NIOSH Approval for ST53 SCBA System 3
(Date:6/1/2015)... -- According to a new market research ... (Touch-based & Touchless), Application (Consumer Electronics, Automotive, & Others), ... Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the Gesture ... $23.55 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 28.23% ... market data T ables and   86   ...
(Date:6/1/2015)... 1, 2015 According to ... Market by Application (Government, Military & Defense, Healthcare, ... and Security), Technology (Face Recognition, Fingerprint Recognition, Iris ... Recognition, and Others), Function (Contact and Non-Contact) & ... Europe , APAC, Row) - Global ...
(Date:5/29/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/2w6zgs/facial ... "Facial Recognition Market by Solution, by Software, by ... 2020" report to their offering. ... technology become more efficient and cost effective. This ... investment from the commercial sector. The development of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market Worth $23.55 Billion by 2020 2Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market Worth $23.55 Billion by 2020 3Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market Worth $23.55 Billion by 2020 4Next Generation Biometrics Market Worth $24,448.84 Million by 2020 2Next Generation Biometrics Market Worth $24,448.84 Million by 2020 3Next Generation Biometrics Market Worth $24,448.84 Million by 2020 4Global advanced Facial Recognition Market Expected to Grow From $2.77 Billion in 2015 to $6.19 Billion in 2020, at an Estimated CAGR of 17.4% 2
... sulfate supplementation before preterm delivery cuts the risk for ... by University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) obstetrician Dwight ... of The New England Journal of Medicine. , ... affecting control of movement and posture and limiting activity. ...
... Genetics, and working in conjunction with Society in ... exploring new avenues in the relationship between science and ... where authorship really matters. Based on a powerful authorship ... to its corresponding author. In this way readers can ...
... A 75-million-year-old fossil of a pregnant turtle and a nest ... southeastern Alberta by scientists and staff from the University of ... ideas on the evolution of egg-laying and reproduction in turtles ... of a pregnant turtle has been found and the description ...
Cached Biology News:Common treatment to delay labor decreases preterm infants' risk for cerebral palsy 2Common treatment to delay labor decreases preterm infants' risk for cerebral palsy 3ETH Zurich-administered fund ends scientific anonymity 2Ancient mother spawns new insight on reptile reproduction 2
... Immunogen: Synthetic peptide derived from the ... 36 protein This peptide sequence is ... another Zymed polyclonal Connexin 36 antibody Cat. ... Connexin 36. Reactivity: Mouse (positive control: ...
Invitrogen's Calcium Phosphate Transfection Kit provides high-quality reagents to enable the introduction of DNA into tissue culture cells via calcium phosphate co-precipitation....
...
...
Biology Products: