Navigation Links
Despite claims, UK did not gas Iraqis in the 1920s, new research finds
Date:12/16/2009

craft, if used, could be expected to achieve, rather than what gas shells had already achieved," Douglas writes.

In fact, shortly after receiving Webster's letter, the Colonial Office sought clarification of the bombing claim from Army General Headquarters in Baghdad. General Headquarters reported, contrary to Webster, that "gas shells have not been used hitherto against [Iraqi] tribesmen either by aeroplanes or by artillery."

Despite the evidence Webster's letter was wrong, it still became the basis for claims of British chemical use. From there the story mutated and spread.

"In some versions, the Royal Air Force is alleged to have dropped gas bombs from aeroplanes against rebellious Iraqis, in the course of what was euphemistically known as 'air policing,'" Dr. Douglas writes. "In others, the British Army is held to be the responsible party, employing gas-filled artillery shells."

Though the specifics differed, each allegation treated the incident as a matter of unassailable fact. Douglas's research suggests it is anything but.

THE WILL, BUT NOT THE WAY

Perhaps lending a measure of credence to allegations of British chemical use in Iraq is the fact that there were high-profile British ministers who very much wanted to use them.

But wanting to use them does not mean they did.

"[T]here had been two brief periods in 1920-21 during which the use of tear gas in the course of military operations had been the stated policy of the British Government," Douglas writes. "In both cases practical difficulties rather than moral qualms prevented their use."

Before 1920, the British War Cabinet had expressly denied requests by field commanders to use tear gas in occupied Mesopotamia. That changed in June 1920, when an organized Arab rebellion erupted. Winston Churchill, then War Secretary and a vocal advocate of nonlethal gas use, gave commanders in the field permission to use "existing stocks" of t
'/>"/>

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kstacey@press.uchicago.edu
773-834-0386
University of Chicago Press Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology technology :

1. Despite claims, UK did not gas Iraqis in the 1920s, new research finds
2. Hypertension Drug Market Will Experience Only Modest Annual Decline Through 2018, Despite Generic Erosion Of Many Branded Agents
3. European Airports Actively Engaging on Reducing CO2, Despite the Crisis
4. Web of Science(R) Renewals Remain Strong Despite Tough Economic Climate
5. 2009 Pharma ChemOutsourcing Show Attendance Up an Astounding 60% Despite Current Recession
6. Low Occurrence of Severe Cardiac Side Effects Despite Extensive Prior Doxorubicin Treatment Reported in Pixantrone Pivotal Trial
7. Healthy Advice Networks Achieves Strong Growth Despite Challenging Economy
8. Global Confidence in Innovation Holds Despite Economy
9. Despite Decline in Share of Global Output, U.S. Science Impact Still Strong, Says Thomson Reuters
10. Fadel Partners Announces 13% Growth Despite IT Services Industry Downtrend
11. Despite Economic Woes, Physician Compensation Increases
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/22/2014)... Dec. 22, 2014  ( www.competitivehealth.com ) — Competitive ... medical bill review and advocacy service, has signed an ... WellCard Savings discount health services marketplace. 63% ... more than they expected to pay. As part of ... costs, WellCard Savings is pleased to offer medical bill ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... 22, 2014 Fertility Associates of Memphis ... Bank USA , a network of more than 20 ... partnership, patients have fast access to a national pool ... IVF . Fertility Associates of Memphis is the only ... treatment option. , Dr. William Kutteh , director ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... BioPlus Specialty Pharmacy (BioPlus), one ... of Nick Maroulis, Pharm.D. to the newly created position ... In this position, Dr. Maroulis will continue to manage ... of our multi-site pharmacies as the company expands. Dr. ... that time he has served in many different capacities ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Dec. 19, 2014 Bina Technologies, Inc. (Bina, ... that they have been acquired by Roche (SIX: RO, ... privately held company that provides a big data platform ... (NGS) data for the academic and translational research markets. ... and will continue to focus on development of their ...
Breaking Biology Technology:WellCard Savings Announces CoPatient Medical Bill Review Service for Members 2Fertility Associates of Memphis Announces Partnership with Donor Egg Bank USA 2Fertility Associates of Memphis Announces Partnership with Donor Egg Bank USA 3BioPlus Specialty Pharmacy Promotes Dr. Nick Maroulis to Vice President of Specialty Pharmacy Services 2Bina Technologies is acquired by Roche. 2Bina Technologies is acquired by Roche. 3
... (Nasdaq: ANSV ) announced today that John P. ... Susquehanna Financial Group,SIGnificant Investment Options in Healthcare Conference in ... EDT., To access the live webcast or the ... to the Investors page, and click on Events.,Please connect ...
... An experimental, combination vaccine against Ebola and Marburg ... protection against infection in monkeys. Researchers from ... Diseases (USAMRIID) report their results today (Feb. 26) ... Research Meeting in Baltimore, MD. , VLPs are ...
... N.J., Feb. 26 SyntheMed, Inc. (OTC,Bulletin Board: ... commercialization of anti-adhesion products, drug delivery products and,other ... President,and CEO, will present at the Canaccord Adams, ... p.m. PST in San Francisco, CA. Mr.,Hickey will ...
Cached Biology Technology:Combination vaccine protects monkeys from ebola and Marburg viruses 2
(Date:12/4/2014)... , Dec. 3, 2014  Crossmatch™, a leading ... that its DigitalPersona ® Pro Enterprise software ... been deployed throughout First Bank branch locations in ... South Carolina and Virginia. First Bank, a ... Southern Pines, North Carolina , selected the ...
(Date:12/3/2014)... As part of our commitment to offering ... to announce the release of a new reader that ... workforce data that they need. The Atlas ... existing readers. Many such devices have serious shortcomings when ... Older models force users to navigate numerous complicated steps ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... , Nov. 19, 2014  Earlier this year ... New York College, and one of the most prolific ... signals that are transmitted from Smartphones to third party ... Smartphones and has one of the earliest known patents ... its usage in the military, child care, elder care ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):First Bank Partners with Crossmatch to Increase Log In Security 2First Bank Partners with Crossmatch to Increase Log In Security 3Inception Technologies to Release New Biometric Reader 2Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 2Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 3Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 4
... of 10 new cancer drugs successfully clear preclinical ... clinical testing. A new partnership facilitated by SAIC-Frederick ... The partnership brings together The UC Davis Cancer ... Institute,s (NCI) Center for Advanced Preclinical Research (CAPR), ...
... from Germany, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, the UK, Bulgaria ... LEGATO, which will be launched on June 14, 2011, ... and Ecological Engineering Assessment Tools for risks and ... to advance long-term sustainable development of irrigated rice fields, ...
... huge plume of sulphur dioxide that spewed from Chile,s Puyehue-Cordn ... km south of Santiago. After lying dormant for more ... beginnings of this major volcanic eruption. On 4 June, a ... gas over 10 km high. ,Several thousand people were evacuated ...
Cached Biology News:NCI partners with Jackson Laboratory, UC Davis to speed cancer clinical trials 2NCI partners with Jackson Laboratory, UC Davis to speed cancer clinical trials 3LEGATO -- a major international project on sustainable development of rice ecosystems in Southeast Asia 2
... The lyophilization stabilizer is designed ... process and for long-term storage. ... toxic ingredients. It is a ... pH 7.2, and is superior to ...
... coating stabilizer is designed for stabilizing ... and antibodies for immunoassay development. ... during the coating and drying process ... It can also works as a ...
... Clinical is Tecans open platform for clinical ... safety and performance in the clinical diagnostic ... by flexible barcode reading and sample traceability ... the system complies with the IVD-Directive* established ...
... the smallest thermal cyclers on the market, which ... 0.5ml (20 samples) or 0.2ml microtube (25 samples) ... and cooling rate of 3.6C/sec and 2.0C/sec respectively ... Fast track programming with new quick dial facility ...
Biology Products: