Navigation Links
Defect in A20 gene expression causes rheumatoid arthritis
Date:8/16/2011

Researchers from VIB (Flanders Institute for Biotechnology) and Ghent University have shown that a defective gene can contribute to the onset of rheumatoid arthritis, an often-crippling inflammation of the joints that afflicts about 1% of the world's population. Until now, the underlying molecular mechanism of the disease was largely unclear. In the study, published in Nature Genetics, the researchers demonstrate that a cell-specific defect in the expression of the A20 gene (TNFAIP3) can contribute to the development of rheumatoid arthritis in mice, thereby identifying A20 as a possible target for the generation of new drugs.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

RA is a chronic progressive joint disease that starts with the inflammation of the synovial membrane and soft tissues around the joints, but often spreads to cartilage and bones. The disease is very painful for the patient. Although the cause of rheumatoid arthritis remains unknown, autoimmunity plays a crucial role. Currently, the progression of the disease can be slowed down, but RA cannot be cured.

Protein A20

A20 is an intracellular negative regulator of the NF-kB transcription factor, which plays a key role in the generation of the inflammatory response. Excessive activation of NF-kB can lead to a whole range of inflammatory diseases, including arthritis. The research group of Rudi Beyaert investigates the molecular mechanisms that control NF-kB activation and earlier in vitro research already indicated a key role for A20. Moreover, genome-wide association studies in humans recently suggested that defects in A20 could contribute to several autoimmune diseases, including RA.

Mouse Model for RA

VIB researchers led by Geert van Loo and Rudi Beyaert at Ghent University have developed mice with myeloid cells incapable of producing A20. In collaboration with Dirk Elewaut, rheumatologist at Ghent University Hospital (Ghent University), who co-supervised the research, they found that these mice had elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in their blood and joints, and spontaneously developed RA with severe inflammation and osteoporosis. Interestingly, the arthritis in this mouse model was not dependent on TNF, a cytokine that normally plays an essential role in many inflammatory diseases including RA. On the other hand, they were able to demonstrate a role for IL-6 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4).

Impact

The study confirms the crucial role of A20 in the control of inflammatory responses and shows that a defect in A20 in myeloid cells can give rise to RA that is not responsive to anti-TNF treatment. From a therapeutic perspective, this is a very important finding, since anti-TNF therapy fails in 30% of RA patients. The A20-deficient mice are therefore an interesting new mouse model for the study of new therapeutics for RA.

In collaboration with Bart Lambrecht (Ghent University Hospital, Ghent University), the VIB researchers recently demonstrated that mice lacking A20 in dendritic cells, a specific myeloid cell type, also develop an autoimmune pathology that in this case shows more similarities with systemic lupus erythematosus, which is characterized by acute and chronic inflammation of various tissues of the human body (Kool et al., Immunity 2011).


'/>"/>

Contact: Joris Gansemans
joris.gansemans@vib.be
329-244-6611
VIB (the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology)
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Cardica Receives $1 Million Milestone Payment From Cook Medical for Development of Heart Defect Closure Device
2. Worlds First Low Radiocarbon Food May Reduce Risks of Cancer and Birth Defects, and Possibly Even Slow the Aging Process
3. Asbestos, Pharmaceutical Liability, Construction Defects, Nanotech: Covered by Targeted CLE Teleconferences
4. Watching crystals grow provides clues to making smoother, defect-free thin films
5. Nanotube defects equal better energy and storage systems
6. Repligen Files Investigational New Drug Application with FDA for First Drug Targeting the Core Genetic Defect of Friedreichs Ataxia
7. Supreme Court Amicus Brief Filed Opposing Lawsuit Protection for Manufacturers of Defectively Designed Vaccines
8. Graphenes strength lies in its defects
9. Model Predicts a Drugs Likelihood of Causing Birth Defects
10. Defect in graphene may present bouquet of possibilities
11. Xceed Ziplex(R) System for Automated Gene-Expression Analysis Wins 2008 R&D 100 Award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... BOSTON (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... name for two-dimensional representations of a complex biological network, a depiction of a ... a big mess,” said Dmitry Korkin, PhD, associate professor of computer science at ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... BioMedGPS announces expanded coverage of SmartTRAK Business ... US Hemostats & Sealants. , SmartTRAK’s US Market for Hemostats and Sealants module ... and biologic sealants used in surgical applications. BioMedGPS estimates the market will grow ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... The CRISPR-Cas9 ... enabling overexpression experiments and avoiding the use of exogenous expression plasmids. The simplicity ... for performing systematic gain-of-function studies. , This complement to loss-of-function studies, such ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... , Oct. 11, 2017  VMS BioMarketing, a leading provider ... nationwide oncology Clinical Nurse Educator (CNE) network, which will launch ... for communication among health care professionals to enhance the patient ... office staff, and other health care professionals to help women ... cancer. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/4/2017)... 2017   EyeLock LLC , a leader of ... States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has issued U.S. ... of an iris image with a face image acquired ... company,s 45 th issued patent. ... given the multi-modal biometric capabilities that have recently come ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... , March 30, 2017 Trends, opportunities ... (physiological and behavioral), by technology (fingerprint, AFIS, iris recognition, ... recognition, and others), by end use industry (government and ... immigration, financial and banking, and others), and by region ... , Asia Pacific , and ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 The Controller General of Immigration from ... Abdulla Algeen have received the prestigious international IAIR Award for the ... Continue Reading ... ... Controller Abdulla Algeen (small picture on the right) have received the IAIR ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):