Navigation Links
Chemists measure copper levels in zinc oxide nanowires

Chemists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have been the first to measure significant amounts of copper incorporated into zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires during fabrication. The issue is important because copper plays a significantbut not well-understoodrole in important optical and electrical properties of the nanowires. Previous experiments found only trace amounts of copper.

Although zinc oxide is best known as a strong sunblock, cold remedy, itch reliever and paint pigment, nanotech engineers like it for its photoluminescence (the ability to emit light after absorbing electromagnetic radiation), field emission (the basis for advanced, high-definition flat-panel displays) and piezoelectric properties (stressing or changing shape when electricity is applied and producing electricity when stressed). ZnO nanomaterials may one day be used to improve solar cells, lasers, sensors, ultraviolet light sources, field emission sources and piezoelectric devices.

Copper enters the ZnO nanowires during fabrication. The nanowiresabout 50 to 150 nanometers wide and up to 40 micrometers longare grown on a copper substrate using a chemical vapor deposition process. The copper substrate forms droplets that absorb the zinc and oxygen vapors and deposits the ZnO on the substrate. As the nanowire grows, the zinc pushes the droplets up from the surface, but some copper remains inside the nanowires crystal lattice.

In a new paper,* NIST chemists report using a variety of measurement techniques to learn that the ZnO wires contain a surprising amount of copperbetween 5 and 15 percent. High-resolution imaging studies of ZnO nanowires reveal that the copper manages to fit into zinc oxides regular crystalline structure without disrupting it. It is in there somewhere, explains chemist Susie Eustis. Because the copper can be easily detected when you know what to look for, she says, researchers plan to use it to better understand the crystal structure of ZnO nanowires with an eye toward manipulating the nanowires to improve performance. The copper acts like a smart tag that you put on an animal in the wild to trace where it travels, says Eustis.

The role copper plays in ZnO nanowires is ambiguous. Published studies differ on whether the copper increases or decreases the nanowires photoluminescence. Eustis and colleagues found that the copper in the nanowire increases the output of visible light but at the expense of ultraviolet emission.

In addition to determining the role copper plays in ZnO nanowires, the researchers plan to learn how to grow uniform nanowires that may one day be used in commercial products. This research is part of ongoing studies to find the best methods to determine the concentration and distribution of atoms inside nanostructures.


Contact: Evelyn Brown
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Related biology technology :

1. APIC Statement on Need for Increased Prevention Measures for Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs)
2. SoluLinK Introduces ChromaLink(TM) Biotin Labeling Kit to Biotinylate and Measure With One Reagent
3. Pathway Diagnostics Announces Patent Issuance for the Diagnostic Measurement of HIV Tropism for the Initiation or Modification of HIV Therapy
4. Researchers measure carbon nanotube interaction
5. New force-fluorescence device measures motion previously undetectable
6. Phase 1 Studies Show Promise of QuatRxs Novel Compound, Sobetirome, for Lowering LDL Cholesterol Levels
7. House and Senate Pass Medicare Legislation to Freeze 2008 Reimbursement for Therapeutic Radiopharmaceuticals at 2007 Levels
8. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Recommends Tighter Control of Blood Glucose Levels After Meals in People With Diabetes
9. National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians (NAEMT) Supports Prehospital Screening for Carbon Monoxide in the Blood
10. International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) Advocates Screening Fire Fighters for Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Using Pulse CO-Oximetry
11. High Q NIST nanowires may be practical oscillators
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Chemists measure copper levels in zinc oxide nanowires
(Date:10/13/2015)... JACKSONVILLE, Florida , October 13, 2015 ... company specializing in the development of innovative peptide and ... & metastatic disease, will be a featured presenting company ... at the Wyndham Grand Hotel in ... --> TapImmune, Inc. (TPIV), a clinical-stage immunotherapy ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... , Oct. 13, 2015  Generex Biotechnology Corporation ( ... into a non-binding Letter of Intent (LOI) with MediTemp Ltd. ... developed a proprietary cooling technology designed to improve sperm quality ... the United States and three million men in ... and 44 diagnosed as infertile.  For 42% of those men, ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... 13, 2015 , ... Clinovo recently appointed Jeff Parr and Ed Donaldson to ... data solutions business. , Jeff Parr has spent the past decade providing quality management ... Thermo Fisher, and Ab Sciex to name a few. He is based in ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... Proove ... to announce their partnership with the Keck Medicine of the University of ... , The T.R.O.J.A.N. Study (Therapeutic Evaluation to Research Clinical Objectives Linking Genotypic and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:10/8/2015)... , October 8, 2015 ... the "Company"), a biometric authentication company focused on ... the Wocket® smart wallet announces that revenues for ... approximately $410,000 compared with $113,00 for the three ... 9 months ended September 30, 2015 were approximately ...
(Date:10/5/2015)... , October 5, 2015 ... company update for NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ), ... commerce market. --> ) ... Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ), a biometric authentication company ... SoundView Technology Group ( ) ...
(Date:9/30/2015)... Sept. 30, 2015  The global glucose monitoring device and ... So says a new report on the industry from Kalorama ... dominate the market, followed by continuous glucose monitoring and sensor ... the market for these products in its latest report, ... , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):