According to the American Cancer Society, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men other than skin cancers. One in six men will develop prostate cancer in their lifetime, and in 2007 over 200,000 men were newly diagnosed with the disease. Fortunately, prostate cancer grows relatively slowly and 7 out of 10 men are diagnosed in the early stages of the disease before it has spread to other parts of their body, thus leading to significantly increased survival with proper treatment. While the underlying cause for the development of prostate cancer is still unknown, factors such as age, race, and lifestyle affect the probability of developing the disease. Of these, age is the strongest risk factor, and as life spans continue to increase, more men are surviving to an age at which prostate cancer is more prevalent. The chances of developing prostate cancer increases quickly after reaching age 50, and about 2 out of every 3 prostate cancers are found in men over the age of 65. The three treatment approaches to prostate cancer are 'watchful waiting,' radiation, or surgery, depending on patient age, and how advanced the disease is.
Radical prostatectomy is an effective means of eradicating prostate cancer by surgically removing the entire prostate and surrounding tissue. It is a complex procedure because the prostate gland is located deep inside the pelvis and is intimately associated with delicate nerves that control erections and bladder control. Historically, radical prostatectomy has been performed as an open procedure requiring surgical precision to preserve these important functions. Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy emerged with the intro
|SOURCE Cardium Therapeutics|
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved