Navigation Links
Breakthrough in light sources for new quantum technology
Date:8/29/2014

Electronic circuits are based on electrons, but one of the most promising technologies for future quantum circuits are photonic circuits, i.e. circuits based on light (photons) instead of electrons. First, it is necessary to be able to create a stream of single photons and control their direction. Researchers around the world have made all sorts of attempts to achieve this control, but now scientists at the Niels Bohr Institute have succeeded in creating a steady stream of photons emitted one at a time and in a particular direction. The breakthrough has been published in the scientific journal Physical Review Letters.

Photons and electrons behave very differently at the quantum level. A quantum is the smallest unit in the atomic world and photons are the basic units of light and electrons of electrical current. Electrons are so-called fermions and can easily flow individually, while photons are bosons that prefer to clump together. But because information for quantum communication based on photonics lies in the individual photon, it is necessary to be able to send them one at a time.

"So you need to emit the photons from a fermionic system and we do this by creating an extremely strong interaction between light and matter," explains Peter Lodahl, Professor and head of the research group Quantum Photonics at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen.

Photon canon

The researchers have developed a kind of single-photon cannon integrated on an optical chip. The optical chip consists of an extremely small photonic crystal that is 10 microns wide (1 micron is a thousandth of a millimeter) and 160 nanometers thick (1 nanometer is a thousandth of micron.) Embedded in the centre of the chip is a light source, a so-called quantum dot.

"What we then do is shine laser light on the quantum dot, where there are atoms with electrons in orbit around the nucleus. The laser light excites the electrons, which then jump from one orbit to another and thereby emit one photon at a time. Normally, light is scattered in all directions, but we have designed the photonic chip so that all of the photons are sent through only one channel," explains Sren Stobbe, Associate Professor of the Quantum Photonic research group at the Niels Bohr Institute.

Peter Lodahl and Sren Stobbe explain that it not only works, but also that it is extremely effective. "We can control the photons and send them in the direction we want with a 98.4 percent success rate. This is ultimate control over the interaction between matter and light and has amazing potential. Such a single-photon cannon has long been sought after in the research field and opens up fascinating new opportunities for fundamental experiments and new technologies," they explain.

The two researchers are in the process of patenting several parts of their work, with a specific goal of developing a prototype high-efficiency single-photon source, which could be used for encryption or for calculations of complex quantum mechanical problems and in general, is an essential building block for future quantum technologies. It is expected that the future's quantum technology will lead to new ways to code unbreakable information and to carry out complex parallel calculations.


'/>"/>

Contact: Gertie Skaarup
skaarup@nbi.dk
45-28-75-06-20
University of Copenhagen - Niels Bohr Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. A breakthrough in imaging gold nanoparticles to atomic resolution by electron microscopy
2. NORD Announces Agenda for 2014 Rare Diseases and Orphan Products Breakthrough Summit
3. Unveiling Breakthroughs in Clinical & Cellular Immunology
4. Breakthrough laser experiment reveals liquid-like motion of atoms in an ultra-cold cluster
5. Technion Breakthrough Opens New Avenues In Search For Alzheimers Cure
6. Science Magazine: Cancer Immunotherapy is the Medical Breakthrough of 2013; The CBCD Highlights the Link between Immunotherapy and Microcompetition
7. Organic mega flow battery promises breakthrough for renewable energy
8. Telomere Biosciences Announces: TELO-100 with T-Activator 150, a Breakthrough in Telomere Science and Age Management
9. Important breakthrough in identifying effect of epilepsy treatment
10. QB3 and JPMorgan Chase Announce Breakthrough Collaboration
11. Breakthrough in study of aluminum should yield new technological advances
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Breakthrough in light sources for new quantum technology
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... ... mass flow controllers based on capillary thermal mass flow technology provide exponentially more ... control applications. Over 80% of all industrial processes—such as those involving chemical ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... ... joined other scientists, researchers, engineers, and industry professionals in visiting U.S. Congressional offices ... to compete in the world photonics industry. , This year, National Photonics ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... April 27, 2017  Pendant Biosciences, Inc. (formerly Nanoferix, ... modification and drug delivery technologies, today announced that it ... @ Toronto . ... Pendant Biosciences, noted, "We are excited to become part ... community, and are honored to be the first ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... Lajollacooks4u, San Diego’s premiere team-building and cooking events company, offers one-of-a-kind gifts, ranging ... , Menus specialize in California cuisine, and guests leave inspired with new cooking ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/24/2017)... WASHINGTON , April 24, 2017 ... counsel and partner with  Identity Strategy Partners, LLP ... "With or without President Trump,s March 6, ... Foreign Terrorist Entry , refugee vetting can be instilled ... refugee resettlement. (Right now, all refugee applications are ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... York , April 19, 2017 ... as its vendor landscape is marked by the presence ... market is however held by five major players - ... Together these companies accounted for nearly 61% of the ... the leading companies in the global military biometrics market ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... Inc., a global expert in SoC-based imaging and computing solutions, has ... features the company,s hybrid codec technology. A demonstration utilizing TeraFaces ® ... be showcased during the upcoming Medtec Japan at Tokyo Big Sight ... Las Vegas Convention Center April 24-27. ... Click here for an image of the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):