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American Scientists Named as Laureates of the 2008 (24th) Japan Prize

TOKYO, Jan. 17 /PRNewswire/ -- The Science and Technology Foundation of Japan announced the names of three laureates for the 2008 (24th) Japan Prize today.

All three laureates this year are American scientists. They are Dr. Vinton Gray Cerf and Dr. Robert Elliot Kahn who received their award for "Creation of network architecture and communication protocol for the Internet" in the prize category of "Information Communication Theory and Technology", and Dr. Victor A. McKusick who received his award for "Establishment of medical genetics and contributions to its development" in the prize category of "Medical Genomics and Genetics."

The three scientists will receive certificates of merit, and commemorative medals. There is also a cash award of 50 million yen for each prize category. The presentation ceremony is scheduled to be held in Tokyo at the National Theatre on Wednesday 23rd, April 2008.

Laureates of the 2008 (24th) Japan Prize

Field I: Information Communication Theory and Technology

Dr. Vinton Gray Cerf (U.S.A.)

Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist, Google Inc.

Date of Birth: June 23, 1943, 64 years of age

Dr. Robert Elliot Kahn (U.S.A.)

Chairman, CEO & President,

Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI)

Date of Birth: December 23, 1938, 69 years of age

Creation of network architecture and communication protocol for the Internet

The appearance of the Internet has pioneered the way for the establishment of a network society that has completely transformed the lifestyles of people around the world. Two men in particular were instrumental in the creation of the concept for the basic framework and the TCP/IP communication protocol which has made the Internet possible. These men are Dr. Vinton Gray Cerf and Dr. Robert Elliot Kahn. Known as the "Fathers of the Internet," Dr. Cerf and Dr. Kahn continue to lead advances in information communication.

Field II: Medical Genomics and Genetics

Dr. Victor A. McKusick (U.S.A.)

University Professor of Medical Genetics, the McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine at The Johns Hopkins University
Date of Birth: October 21, 1921, 86 years of age

Establishment of medical genetics and contributions to its development

With the completion of the human genome project, we have come to understand almost all of the genetic information contained in DNA, which is encoded in a series of letters. However, we are still some way from fully identifying those parts, which are related to the treatment of diseases. Dr. Victor A. McKusick, recipient of the current fiscal year's Japan Prize in the category of "Medical Genomics and Genetic", has spent over half a century compiling related knowledge, and advocating the importance of the formulation of a genomic map for genetic disorders. Today, researchers and clinicians around the world are sharing the fruits of Dr. McKusick's labors which have become indispensable to the world of genetic medicine.


Masaaki Ueda, Executive Officer

The Science and Technology Foundation of Japan

Phone: +81-3-5545-0551

Fax: +81-3-5545-0554



SOURCE The Science and Technology Foundation of Japan (JSTF)
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
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