Navigation Links
A new model for studying Parkinson's
Date:2/1/2011

Evidence is steadily mounting that genetic factors play an important role in many cases of Parkinson's disease (PD). In a study published February 2, 2011, online in the Journal of Neuroscience, researchers from the Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland report a new mammalian model for studying a specific gene mutation commonly found in PD sufferers, opening the door to new drugs to fight the malady.

"This is a great step forward toward a more comprehensive understanding of how the disease works, and how it can be diagnosed and treated," explains neuroscientist and EPFL President Patrick Aebischer, lead author of the study.

PD is a common neurodegenerative disease that greatly reduces quality of life and costs the United States around 23 billion dollars a year. Until now, researchers have encountered difficulty in reproducing PD pathology in animals because of an incomplete understanding of the disease.

Recently, a mutation of the gene coding for LRRK2, a large enzyme in the brain, has emerged as the most prevalent genetic cause of PD (genetics are implicated in about 10 percent of all PD cases). When the enzyme is mutated, it becomes hyperactive, causing the death of vulnerable neurons and leading to a reduction in levels of the brain neurotransmistter dopamine. This decrease in dopamine eventually triggers the symptoms characteristic of Parkinson's, such as tremors, instability, impaired movement, and later stage dementia.

Now, with funding from the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research, Aebischer and his team in the Neurodegenerative Studies Laboratory at EPFL, have successfully introduced mutant LRRK2 enzyme into one hemisphere of a rat brain, resulting in the same PD manifestations that occur in humans in one side of the rodent's body. To do this, the researchers spent two years producing and optimizing a viral vector to deliver mutated, LRRK2 coding DNA into the rat brain. LRRK2 is a large and complicated enzyme and designing a vector capable of transporting its extremely long genetic code was no small feat.

The new animal model developed by EPFL is sure to benefit future Parkinson's research. The fact that LRRK2 is an enzymea catalyzing protein involved in chemical reactionsmakes it drug accessible and therefore of specific interest to researchers looking for neuroprotective strategies, or pharmaceutical treatments that halt or slow disease progression by protecting vulnerable neurons. Armed with the LRRK2 model, new pharmaceuticals that inhibit the hyper-activity of the enzyme could one day prevent the destructive chain of events that leads to neurodegeneration and devastation in many with PD.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michael Mitchell
michael.mitchell@epfl.ch
41-798-103-107
Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Model Predicts a Drugs Likelihood of Causing Birth Defects
2. INTERCIM Received a New Patent for a Non-statistical Approach for "Design of Experiments" and the Iterative Discovery of an Explanatory Model
3. Intra-Cellular Therapies Announces Positive Results with ITI-002 in Pre-Clinical Models of Parkinsons Disease
4. New hydrolysis model promising tool in cellulosic biofuel studies
5. MD Biosciences Offers Occlusion-induced Myocardial Infarct Model for Investigating the Cardio-protection of a Drug Treatment in the Event of Ischemia/reperfusion Injury
6. Jeffrey Mogil to Speak on Animal Models of Pain at Arrowhead's 4th Annual Pain Therapeutics Summit
7. Zymes’ Water Soluble CoQ10 Decreases Symptoms in Animal Models of Parkinson’s Disease
8. Zenith Biotech Introducing Novel StemQ(R) Hepatic and Neural Models for Use in Drug Discovery, Metabolism and Toxicology Studies, at The 49th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo In Salt Lake City, Utah, March 7-11, 2010, Booth #136
9. Model N Extends its Industry-Leading Contract Management Offerings with Contract Authoring Capabilities
10. YM BIOSCIENCES ANNOUNCES NIMOTUZUMAB RESULTS IN ADVANCED TRIPLE-NEGATIVE BREAST CANCER MODEL PRESENTED AT AACR-NCI-EORTC MEETING
11. Biomodels Scientists Report Development of a Novel Model for Cancer Treatment-Related Fatigue
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
A new model for studying Parkinson's
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... The CRISPR-Cas9 ... overexpression experiments and avoiding the use of exogenous expression plasmids. The simplicity of ... performing systematic gain-of-function studies. , This complement to loss-of-function studies, such as ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... LAGUNA HILLS, Calif. , Oct. 11, 2017 ... London (ICR) and University of ... prognostic tool to risk-stratify patients with multiple myeloma (MM), in ... nine . The University of Leeds ... by Myeloma UK, and ICR will perform the testing services ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) therapeutics, today confirmed licensing rights that give it exclusive ... a technology developed in collaboration with Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA). ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... , ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... and business process optimization firm for the life sciences and healthcare industries, announces ... conference in San Francisco. , The presentation, “Automating GxP Validation for Agile Cloud ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/28/2017)... 28, 2017 The report "Video ... Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, VMS), and ... Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market ... is projected to reach USD 75.64 Billion by 2022, ... The base year considered for the study is 2016 ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... The Controller General of Immigration from Maldives Mr. Mohamed ... received the prestigious international IAIR Award for the most innovative high security ... ... Maldives Immigration Controller General, ... picture on the right) have received the IAIR award for the "Most ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... India , March 23, 2017 The report "Gesture ... Touchless Biometric), Industry, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... at a CAGR of 29.63% between 2017 and 2022. ... ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):