Navigation Links
World-wide warning of highly drug-resistant tuberculosis

New forms of highly drug-resistant tuberculosis are emerging and action must be taken soon before they become widespread globally, says an editorial in this week's BMJ.

The authors say that urgent action is needed to implement effective tuberculosis control strategies, especially in countries where tuberculosis control practices have been inadequate.

Research is also needed to assess the extent of the spread of these highly drug resistant strains of tuberculosis worldwide and improved means of diagnosis of tuberculosis and early detection of drug resistance are urgently required, they add.

Among 536 cases of tuberculosis confirmed at a rural hospital in South Africa earlier this year, 41% were multi-drug resistant and of those, 24% met the exact definition of being extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (also referred to as XDR tuberculosis). Such tuberculosis is almost untreatable.

All patients in this outbreak who were tested were HIV positive and 52 of the 53 died after an average of 25 days.

Strains of extensively drug resistant tuberculosis have also been noted in Europe, Asia and North and South America. It appears that there are several strains of this tuberculosis.

Author Dr Stephen Lawn, senior lecturer in infectious and tropical diseases at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, says that drug resistance to tuberculosis results largely from poorly managed care and control of the disease.

Poor prescribing practices, low drug quality (or erratic supply) and poor adherence to drugs can all contribute to this resistance to drugs. Where HIV rates are high, this allows particularly rapid spread of the disease within hospital settings and the community.

Dr Lawn says several responses to this problem are required including urgent assessment of the scale of the problem and an increase in laboratory capacity.

"Detection rates for cases of tuberculosis need to be improved, high lighting the need for a new diagnostic test," he writes. "Technologies that can determine the presence of drug-resistance at the point of care are needed as are new drug treatments."
'"/>

Source:BMJ-British Medical Journal


Related biology news :

1. Hopkins AIDS experts issue warning about global efforts to provide drug therapies
2. Mercury contamination of fish warrants worldwide public warning
3. Roundup®highly lethal to amphibians, finds University of Pittsburgh researcher
4. Reducing antibiotic use lowers rates of drug-resistant bacteria
5. New class of antibiotics effective against drug-resistant bacteria discovered in fungi
6. Treating populations infected with HIV and latent TB could speed the emergence of drug-resistant TB
7. Lab-on-a-chip could speed up treatment of drug-resistant pneumonia
8. New research may overturn conventional wisdom on drug-resistant tuberculosis
9. Trojan horse strategy defeats drug-resistant bacteria
10. New vaccine protects more effectively against tuberculosis
11. Gene increases risk of tuberculosis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/5/2017)... KEY FINDINGS The global market ... CAGR of 25.76% during the forecast period of 2017-2025. ... for the growth of the stem cell market. ... MARKET INSIGHTS The global stem cell market is segmented ... The stem cell market of the product is segmented ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... Trends, opportunities and forecast in this market ... (fingerprint, AFIS, iris recognition, facial recognition, hand geometry, vein ... use industry (government and law enforcement, commercial and retail, ... others), and by region ( North America ... Pacific , and the Rest of the World) ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 2017 Research and Markets has announced the ... & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their ... The Global ... CAGR of around 15.1% over the next decade to reach approximately ... the market estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... Foundation President Andi Purple announced Dr. Suneel I. Sheikh, the co-founder, CEO ... ASTER Labs ), Inc. has been selected for membership in ARCS Alumni ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... pathology, announced today it will be hosting a Webinar titled, “Pathology is going ... Pathology Associates , on digital pathology adoption best practices and how Proscia improves ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... A ... pregnancy rates in frozen and fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) transfer ... age to IVF success. , After comparing the results from the fresh and ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... , ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... Center’s FirstHand program has won a US2020 STEM Mentoring Award. Representatives of the ... for Excellence in Volunteer Experience from US2020. , US2020’s mission is to change ...
Breaking Biology Technology: