Navigation Links
White Blood Cell 'Waste Disposal' System Plays Critical Regulatory Role

A new research study identifies a critical inhibitory step that is a key component of the feedback circuit regulating the balance between neutrophil production and destruction. The research, published in the March issue of Immunity, suggests that the process for disposal of dying neutrophils is actively linked to neutrophil production. A clear understanding of the processes that control neutrophil turnover may contribute to the development of future therapeutics for conditions characterized by abnormal numbers of these critical immune cells.

Human neutrophils are white blood cells that are constantly being produced in the bone marrow and released into the blood stream where they migrate out of the blood and roam the body in search of potentially harmful foreign substances. Neutrophils have a short lifespan and often die via a programmed cell death pathway called apoptosis within a matter of hours. Dying neutrophils are recognized and ingested by cells in the body tissues called phagocytes.

Although the specific mechanisms that regulate the proper ratios of neutrophil production and destruction are not well understood, it is known that the immune signaling molecules IL-17 and G-CSF stimulate neutrophil production. In addition, a newly discovered molecule called IL-23 that is produced by phagocytes has been shown to stimulate IL-17 production. Dr. Klaus Ley and colleagues from the University of Virginia investigated whether ingestion of apoptotic neutrophils influenced IL-23 production by phagocytes.

The researchers observed that the amount of IL-23 produced by phagocytes was reduced when phagocytes actively ingested apoptotic neutrophils. Interestingly, mice with abnormal neutrophils that lacked the ability to migrate into body tissues where they would have encountered phagocytes exhibited elevated IL-23 and IL-17 levels. When these mice received an infusion of normal neutrophils that were capable of migration, the levels of IL-23 and IL-17 dro pped considerably.

The researchers conclude that a major mechanism for regulation of neutrophil production involves secretion of IL-23 that is regulated by phagocytosis of apoptotic neutrophils. "The discovery of neutrophil-regulating cells suggests new ways to manipulate the inflammatory system and neutrophil production with possible relevance to the treatment of inflammatory diseases and the mitigation of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia," says Dr. Ley.

###

Matthew A. Stark, Yuqing Huo, Tracy L. Burcin, Margaret A. Morris, Timothy S. Olson, and Klaus Ley: "Phagocytosis of Apoptotic Neutrophils Regulates Granulopoiesis via IL-23 and IL-17"


'"/>

Source:Cell Press


Related biology news :

1. White blood cell waste disposal system plays critical regulatory role
2. Great White shark evolution debate involves WSU Lake Campus geology professor
3. White blood cells of cancer-resistant mice overwhelm natural defenses of cancer cells
4. Whitefly spreads emerging plant viruses
5. White blood cells in lung produce histamine seen in allergies
6. Whiteflies and plant viruses can help each other to speed up biological invasion
7. Placenta Is A Rich Source Of Blood Stem Cells
8. Infants With Rare Genetic Disease Saved by Cord Blood Stem Cells
9. Mystery Blood Vessel Disorder Implicated In Mini Strokes
10. Infants with Rare Genetic Disease Saved By Cord Blood Stem Cells
11. Young Blood Revives Aging Muscles, Stanford Researchers Find
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/24/2016)... Ampronix facilitates superior patient care by providing unparalleled technology to leaders of the medical ... premium product recently added to the range of products distributed by Ampronix. ... ... ... Ampronix News ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... 2016  VoiceIt is excited to announce its ... By working together, VoiceIt and VoicePass will ... VoicePass take slightly different approaches to voice biometrics, ... and usability. ... partnership. "This marketing and technology partnership ...
(Date:5/16/2016)... 2016   EyeLock LLC , a market leader ... of an IoT Center of Excellence in ... development of embedded iris biometric applications. EyeLock,s ... and security with unmatched biometric accuracy, making it the ... DNA. EyeLock,s platform uses video technology to deliver a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... Last week, Callan Capital, ... executives and entrepreneurs, held The Future of San Diego Life Science event at the ... life science community attended the event with speakers Dr. Rich Heyman, former CEO of ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2016 , ... The need for blood donations in ... this week by the South Texas Blood & Tissue Center, blood donations are on the ... 30 years, and they are down 21 percent in South Texas in the last four ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... WARSAW, Ind. , May 23, 2016 Zimmer ... in musculoskeletal healthcare, today announced that its Board of Directors ... stockholders for the second quarter of 2016. ... on or about July 29, 2016 to stockholders of record ... Future declarations of dividends are subject to approval of the ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... LONDON , May 23, 2016 - ... by 40% - Frontage Implement a Single Platform to ... Compliance and Traceability Within the Bioanalytical lab Frontage Laboratories, ... the United States and China , ... its laboratory facilities. In addition to serving as the global electronic ...
Breaking Biology Technology: