Navigation Links
Vaccine targets tumors where they live

Vaccine strategies are being designed to battle cancer, but their use for metastatic melanoma is a challenge. Effective vaccines against established tumors require tumor-reactive T cells to traffic to the sites of the tumors and are locally activated there in order to kill cancer cells. A problem is that the T cells lose their tumor-killing power once they reach the environment surrounding the tumor. This happens because T cells decrease stimulatory molecules including one called B7.1.

In a study appearing online on June 2 in advance of the print publication of the July 1 print issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Howard Kaufman and colleagues from Columbia University manipulate the local tumor environment as a method for improving systemic anti-tumor immunity. This concept has been suggested in mouse models but had not established in the clinical setting. The data represent the first clinical trial to directly inject a vaccinia virus expressing the B7.1 costimulatory molecule into humans with melanoma.

The researchers show that this vaccine is safe and feasible to use for local delivery into established melanoma lesions. 2 of the injected lesions showed a partial response and 3 were stable. One patient remained alive without disease recurrence for 59 months after vaccination without any other therapy. This approach may be useful for altering the tumor environment in order to induce anti-tumor immunity and provides a foundation upon which other vaccine strategies can be contemplated for local delivery.


Source:Journal of Clinical Investigation

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. FDA Approves Human Hookworm Vaccine for Phase I Safety Trials
2. Live Recombinant Adenovirus Vaccine Technique Explored
3. Gene Vaccine Protects Mice Against Development Of Her2/neu Breast Cancer
4. NIAID Initiates Trial of Experimental Avian Flu Vaccine
5. Study Models Impact Of Anthrax Vaccine
6. New Insights Into HIV Immunity Suggest Alternative Approach to Vaccines
7. Pathogen-Mimicking Vaccine As Strategy For Cancer Therapy
8. EuroVacc 02 HIV Vaccine Trial Begins
9. Active Vaccine Prevents Mice From Developing Prion Disease
10. New Vaccine To Be Used For First Time In Polio Outbreak Response
11. Boosting The BCG Vaccine To Beat Tuberculosis
Post Your Comments:

(Date:3/30/2017)... LOS ANGELES , March 30, 2017  On ... Hack the Genome hackathon at ... This exciting two-day competition will focus on developing health ... experience. Hack the Genome is ... has been tremendous. The world,s largest companies in the ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... PUNE, India , March 28, 2017 ... (Analog, IP, Biometrics), Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), ... Maintenance), Vertical, and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", ... 30.37 Billion in 2016 and is projected to reach ... 15.4% between 2017 and 2022. The base year considered ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... -- The report "Gesture Recognition and Touchless Sensing Market by Technology ... Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to be worth ... and 2022. Continue Reading ... ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... 10, 2017 , ... Dr. Bob Harman, founder and CEO of VetStem ... The event entitled “Stem Cells and Their Regenerative Powers,” was held ... Harman, DVM, MPVM was joined by two human doctors: Peter B. Hanson, M.D., Chief ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... CRUZ, Calif. , Oct. 10, 2017 ... grant from the NIH to develop RealSeq®-SC (Single Cell), ... kit for profiling small RNAs (including microRNAs) from single ... Analysis Program highlights the need to accelerate development of ... "New techniques for measuring ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... October 10, 2017 , ... The ... prestigious awards honoring scientists who have made outstanding contributions to analytical ... during Pittcon 2018, the world’s leading conference and exposition for laboratory science, which ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... ... The award-winning American Farmer television series will feature 3 Bar Biologics in an ... on RFD-TV. , With global population estimates nearing ten billion people by 2050, ... a growing nation. At the same time, many of our valuable resources are becoming ...
Breaking Biology Technology: