Navigation Links
Understanding the oceans microbes is key to the Earth's future

Life on Earth may owe its existence to tiny microorganisms living in the oceans, but the effect of human-induced change on the vital services these microbes perform for the planet remains largely unstudied, says a report released today by the American Academy of Microbiology, entitled Marine Microbial Diversity: The Key to Earth's Habitability.

"Since life most likely began in the oceans, marine microorganisms are the closest living descendants of the original forms of life," says Jennie Hunter-Cevera of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, one of the authors of the report, "They are also major pillars of the biosphere; their unique metabolisms allow marine microbes to carry out many steps of the biogeochemical cycles that other organisms are unable to complete. The smooth functioning of these cycles is necessary for life to continue on earth."

Early marine microorganisms also helped create the conditions under which subsequent life developed. More than two billion years ago, the generation of oxygen by photosynthetic marine microorganisms helped shape the chemical environment in which plants, animals, and all other life forms have evolved.

"A great deal of research on the biogeography of marine microorganisms has been carried out, but many unknowns persist and more work is needed to elucidate and understand their complexity," says co-author David Karl of the University of Hawaii. "Uppermost on this list of questions is what effects human-induced changes will have on the services marine microbes perform for the planet. Research on marine microbiology must continue or accelerate in order to solve these problems."

The report is the outcome of a colloquium convened by the Academy in April 2005 in San Francisco. Experts in microbial physiology, ecology, genetics, oceanography, invertebrate biology and virology gathered to discuss the importance of marine microorganisms to life on this planet, the biogeography of these organisms, their roles in symbiotic relationships and pathogenesis, their metabolic capabilities, their impacts on humans, and goals for research, training, and education in marine microbiology.

The report outlines a number of recommendations for future research in marine microbiology including the roles of both climate change and human activities on the populations and processes of marine microbes. The report also recommends fostering multidisciplinary collaborations and training as well as the development of a comprehensive marine microbiology textbook.

"Innovative approaches in research, education and training are critical for moving the field of marine microbiology forward," says Hunter-Cevera.
'"/>

Source:American Society for Microbiology


Related biology news :

1. The circadian clock: Understanding natures timepiece
2. Breakthrough System for Understanding Ocean Plant Life Announced
3. Understanding how bacteria communicate may help scientists prevent disease
4. Understanding biases in epidemic models important when making public health predictions
5. Understanding the actions of others requires the frontal cortex
6. Anammox bacteria produce nitrogen gas in oceans snackbar
7. Scientists discover global pattern of big fish diversity in open oceans
8. Climate change will affect carbon sequestration in oceans, model shows
9. Creating a window on oceans in motion
10. How ancient whales lost their legs, got sleek and conquered the oceans
11. A new look at the state of the oceans

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/11/2017)... N.Y. , April 11, 2017 ... fingerprints, but researchers at the New York University ... College of Engineering have found that partial similarities ... security systems used in mobile phones and other ... thought. The vulnerability lies in the ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... , April 5, 2017 Today HYPR ... that the server component of the HYPR platform is ... providing the end-to-end security architecture that empowers biometric authentication ... HYPR has already secured over 15 million users across ... manufacturers of connected home product suites and physical access ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... ANGELES , March 30, 2017  On April ... Hack the Genome hackathon at Microsoft,s ... exciting two-day competition will focus on developing health and ... Hack the Genome is the ... been tremendous. The world,s largest companies in the genomics, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... , ... April 19, 2017 , ... ... Series A-1 financing round. This event adds to several other early achievements at ... Executive and Scientific Teams. , ThermaGenix will use proceeds from the ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... Linda, Ca (PRWEB) , ... April 19, 2017 ... ... University Virtual Event, which makes educational webinars accessible to novices as well ... impact of preanalytical variables of commonly performed coagulation screening tests. , Hemostasis ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017  As a Bronze ... Heroin Summit ,  Proove┬« Biosciences, Inc. announces ... environmental, and lifestyle factors to accurately predict prescription ... of Southern California (USC), the Interventional Pain Institute ... publish results showing that Proove Opioid Risk┬« accurately ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... FRANCISCO, Calif. , April 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... VCYT ) today announced that it will report ... of market on Wednesday, May 3, 2017. Following the ... webcast at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time to discuss the company,s ... live webcast and subsequent replay may be accessed ...
Breaking Biology Technology: