Navigation Links
UCSD researchers discover internal compass of immune cell

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine have discovered how neutrophils ?specialized white blood cells that play key roles in inflammation and in the body's immune defense against bacteria ?navigate to sites of infection and inflammation. These findings could potentially lead to new treatments for serious infections and inflammatory diseases in patients.

The research, reported in the December 15, 2006 issue of the journal Science, describes the elements of the "internal compass" that neutrophils use to detect and migrate towards chemoattractants, markers of infection and inflammation that are released from bacteria and inflamed tissues.

"These findings solve the long-standing puzzle of how neutrophils find their way and move toward sites of injury or infection in the body," said senior author Wolfgang Junger, Ph.D., adjunct professor of surgery at UCSD Medical Center.

His team set out to identify the key mechanisms of signal amplification that must occur in order for neutrophils to detect the low-level activating signals (chemoattractants) sent out by bacteria at injury sites. They found that neutrophils possess a built-in amplification system that is an integral part of the internal compass the cells use to locate the source of chemoattractants. At the core of the amplification system is the chemical adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

The chain of events necessary to direct the neutrophils toward its goal begins when ATP is released from the region of the cell surface closest to the source of chemoattractants. Next, ATP binds to a nucleotide receptor called P2Y2 on the cell surface, a step critical to position the cells in the direction of the source of chemoattractants.

Once this internal compass has been activated, ATP is converted by the cells to adenosine, which in turn activates A3 adenosine receptors concentrated at the front of cells, providing the signal to move toward th
'"/>

Source:University of California - San Diego


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. NYU researchers simulate molecular biological clock
2. Vital step in cellular migration described by UCSD medical researchers
3. ASU researchers finds novel chemistry at work to provide parrots vibrant red colors
4. UCSD researchers maintain stem cells without contaminated animal feeder layers
5. Why do insects stop breathing? To avoid damage from too much oxygen, say researchers
6. New protein discovered by Hebrew University researchers
7. First real-time view of developing neurons reveals surprises, say Stanford researchers
8. Agilent Technologies releases automated literature search tool for biology researchers
9. Self-assembled nano-sized probes allow Penn researchers to see tumors through flesh and skin
10. Yale researchers identify molecule for detecting parasitic infection in humans
11. US life expectancy about to decline, researchers say
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: UCSD researchers discover internal compass immune cell

(Date:10/16/2014)... , October 16, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... "Company"), a biometric authentication company focused on the growing ... edge technologies including Wocket™, the Smart Wallet, at the ... FiRe is a leading global conference on the intersection ... by Mark Anderson , founder and publisher of ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) as a full ... to maintain a significant nationwide standing in the ... of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz as a full ... the national and international competition for the best ... can be proud that Mainz University has been ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... awarded the 44th Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished Work in ... exploring the mechanisms of genomic instability and its implications ... the second alumnus to win the Rosenstiel Award; the ... , Alt is the Charles A. Janeway Professor of ... and an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 2NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 3Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 2Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 3Brandeis awards 44th Rosenstiel Award to pioneering geneticist Fred Alt 2
... received an offer to establish its first foreign institute in ... proposed the sum of $86.9 million for the next 10 ... State of Florida will contribute funds to complete the financing, ... will take place. The County,s decision paved the ...
... out that older men chasing younger women contributes ... according to new findings by,researchers at Stanford and ... says that individuals should die of old age ... 55 in humans,according to demographer Cedric Puleston, a ...
... Calif., September 12, 2007 - UC Irvines Henry ... million gift from Edwards Lifesciences Corporation to establish ... next generation of cardiovascular devices. The Edwards ... interaction and collaboration among students, faculty members and ...
Cached Biology News:Palm Beach County wants to establish a Max Planck Institute in Florida 2Men shed light on the mystery of human longevity, study finds 2Men shed light on the mystery of human longevity, study finds 3Men shed light on the mystery of human longevity, study finds 4UCI receives $5M from Edwards Lifesciences 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... SAN DIEGO and HONG KONG ... an innovative rare disease therapeutics enterprise, announced today that ... joined the company as vice president, research. Dr. McKew ... research, including key leadership positions at the National Institutes ... to its acquisition by Wyeth). Dr. McKew will lead aTyr,s ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 20, 2014 Convey Computer , ... team from Iowa State University won first place in ... a Convey HC-2ex, the team’s solution achieved the highest ... than the second place finisher. , Experts from all ... the month long challenge, using a variety of design ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... , October 20, 2014 ... gastrointestinal (GI) disorders and the delivery of care has ... diseases and worrying inequalities in the provision of healthcare ... which was commissioned by United European Gastroenterology (UEG), have ... political and public awareness of the burden of GI ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... October 20, 2014 OncLive® ... Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University has ... Through the Strategic Alliance Partnership program, the Sidney ... collaborate to raise awareness of the Center’s cutting-edge ... other projects. Clinicians and other health care professionals ...
Breaking Biology Technology:aTyr Pharma Appoints John C. McKew, Ph.D., as Vice President, Research 2aTyr Pharma Appoints John C. McKew, Ph.D., as Vice President, Research 3Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 3Major Survey Reveals Changing Trends and Inequalities in Healthcare Provision for Gastrointestinal Disorders Across Europe 2Major Survey Reveals Changing Trends and Inequalities in Healthcare Provision for Gastrointestinal Disorders Across Europe 3Major Survey Reveals Changing Trends and Inequalities in Healthcare Provision for Gastrointestinal Disorders Across Europe 4Major Survey Reveals Changing Trends and Inequalities in Healthcare Provision for Gastrointestinal Disorders Across Europe 5Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 2Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 3
... LEIDEN, The Netherlands, and PARSIPPANY, N.J., Feb. 10 ... CRXL ; Swiss Exchange: CRX) announced today that they ... Utrecht, The Netherlands to join their Vendor Network. Under ... pre-approved cell line generation partner for licensees of the ...
... YORK, Feb. 9 5W Public Relations, a Top 25 ... Holtorf, founder of the Holtorf Medical Group and the Yan ... Trokel to its diverse roster of clientele. Both medical centers ... relations programs."We are delighted that Dr. Kent Holtorf and the ...
... Beckman Coulter, Inc. (NYSE: BEC ) ... a quarterly dividend payout of seventeen cents ($0.17) ... March 6, 2009 to all stockholders of record ... the 79th consecutive, quarterly payout of dividends.(Logo: ...
Cached Biology Technology:DSM and Crucell Sign Agreement with Bioceros to Serve as Pre-Approved Cell Line Generation Partner of PER.C6(R) Cell Line Proteins 2DSM and Crucell Sign Agreement with Bioceros to Serve as Pre-Approved Cell Line Generation Partner of PER.C6(R) Cell Line Proteins 3DSM and Crucell Sign Agreement with Bioceros to Serve as Pre-Approved Cell Line Generation Partner of PER.C6(R) Cell Line Proteins 4DSM and Crucell Sign Agreement with Bioceros to Serve as Pre-Approved Cell Line Generation Partner of PER.C6(R) Cell Line Proteins 5The Holtorf Medical Group and Yan Center for Corrective & Cosmetic Surgery Tap 5W Public Relations 2
... The Helios gene gun system, 220-240 V, ... biomaterials into cells. This handheld device employs ... RNA-, and other biomaterial-coated gold microcarriers from ... cartridge directly into target cells. This system ...
Mouse polyclonal antibody raised against a partial recombinant MHC2TA. NCBI Entrez Gene ID = 4261...
... Digital Sight DS-L2 imaging controller is a ... DS-L1, and allows users to comfortably observe, ... DS-L2 controller features an 8.4 inch LCD ... variety of Nikon cameras including the DS-Fi1 ...
Mouse monoclonal antibody to ST8SIA2 - ST8 alpha-N-acetyl-neuraminide alpha-2,8-sialyltransferase 2...
Biology Products: