Navigation Links
UCR biochemist goes to Washington with high-protein corn

Daniel Gallie's findings propose a useful approach to feed the world's growing population

Corn with twice its usual content of protein and oil and about half of its usual carbohydrate content is what Daniel Gallie, professor of biochemistry at UC Riverside, will present at a congressional seminar in Washington, D.C., this week.

Because his research holds promise for efficiently feeding high-protein corn to people and livestock all over the world, Gallie has been invited to speak to an audience of congressional staff in the Longworth House Office Building of the U.S. House of Representatives. His 45-minute presentation is scheduled for 10 a.m., Sept. 23.

The National Coalition for Food and Agricultural Research, a broad-based coalition of agricultural producers, science societies and universities, is sponsoring the seminar.

In the United States, the vast majority of corn - nearly 65 percent - is used to feed animals for meat production. Much of the remainder is exported to other countries for feeding animals or made into corn sweeteners or fuel alcohol. Corn, the most widely produced feed grain in the United States, accounts for more than 90 percent of total value and production of feed grains in the country, with around 80 million acres of land planted with corn.

Gallie's research on doubling the protein content of corn grain adds significant value to the crop, benefiting corn producers. Moreover, his technology nearly doubles corn oil, the most valuable content of corn grain, and significantly increases the grain's value. Corn is processed also into other food and industrial products such as starch, sweeteners, beverage and industrial alcohol, and fuel ethanol.

"Nearly 800 million people in the world suffer from protein-energy malnutrition, which is a leading cause of death in children in developing countries, many of which already produce corn as a major cereal crop," said Gallie. "A significant fraction of the world 's population, particularly in developing countries, has no access to meat as a protein source, and has to rely on plant sources such as grain. The new corn we have developed has two embryos in its kernel, which is what doubles the content of protein and oil and reduces the starch content. It could provide a good source of protein for those that depend on grain as their primary source of nutrients."

Every corn kernel results from a flower on an ear of corn, Gallie explained. Initially the ear produces a pair of flowers for every kernel. But then one of the sister flowers undergoes abortion, resulting in one flower for each kernel. Gallie's research group has developed technology that essentially rescues the aborted flower, resulting in two kernels that are fused together. "Despite the fusion, the kernels are not bigger," Gallie said. "It's basically the same corn, except that it is protein-rich and starch-poor - something that, if applied to sweet corn, would appeal to a large number of weight-conscious people in this country who are interested in low-carb diets and who normally avoid corn in their diets."

Gallie and his colleagues published their work last year in The Plant Journal. Though their research focused on feed corn, the technology can easily be applied to sweet corn, a sugar-rich mutant strain of regular corn.


Source:University of California - Riverside

Related biology news :

1. Precision biochemistry tracks DNA damage in fish
Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/5/2015)... -- ) releases the ... NXTD ), a biometric authentication company focused on ... ) releases the following market and company ... biometric authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce ... ) releases the following market and company ...
(Date:9/30/2015)... Calif. , Sept. 30, 2015  With nearly ... the number of new SCIs estimated to reach 12,500 ... Southern California Resource Services for Independent Living ... ILCs in California opening doors ... range of programs and services, notably assistive technology services ...
(Date:9/29/2015)... News facts: ... energy , Minimized design shrinks PC footprint ... and embedded Fujitsu PalmSecure authentication enable enterprises to realize ... shows that good things come in small packages, with ... enterprise desktop and mobile portfolio. Featuring workplace design that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2015)... , Belgium , Oct. 12, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... that full results from a completed clinical study of its ... have been published in the online issue of Clinical ... The peer-reviewed study was conducted in collaboration with ... led by Roland Andersson , MD, PhD, Professor of ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... NeuMedics Inc., is a specialty ... diseases that can safely and chronically be administered as an eye drop, announced today ... by The Cleveland Clinic and taking place October 25th to October 28th at The ...
(Date:10/11/2015)... ... October 11, 2015 , ... Intelligent Implant Systems, LLC is ... multiple surgeries have been completed with this new posterior thoracolumbar spinal fusion system. ... Center of the Carolinas. The Revolution™ Spinal System pioneers a new approach ...
(Date:10/10/2015)... Oktober, 2015 Am 8. Oktober hat ... Partei für Kalifornien) ihre Würdigung der International Plasma ... die Aufzeichnungen des Kongresses eintragen lassen. Die IPAW ... (PPTA) und ihren Mitgliedsunternehmen unterstützt. Ihre Ziele ... Bewusstseins über Plasmaspenden weltweit , Würdigung des ...
Breaking Biology Technology: