Navigation Links
Treating populations infected with HIV and latent TB could speed the emergence of drug-resistant TB

In 2005, 46 regional Ministers of Health in Africa declared that a dramatic rise in tuberculosis (TB) cases was cause for emergency. In some African countries, annual TB case notifications have increased as much as four-fold over the past 15 years. The main culprit? The emergence of HIV. When individuals are infected with both HIV and TB, they are more likely to progress from latent TB infection to active TB.

To combat the problem, the World Health Organization currently recommends that as part of HIV/AIDS programs, patients infected with both HIV and TB be treated with isoniazid, an antimicrobial, as a preventive therapy to reduce the risk that TB will progress from latent infection to active disease. However, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and a team of collaborators believe that strategy has flaws. Their findings appear in the advance online edition of the May 2, 2006 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The researchers, led by Ted Cohen, doctoral student at HSPH, and senior author Megan Murray, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, developed a mathematical model to describe the projected impact of isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) programs on the transmission dynamics of drug-resistant TB in areas where community-wide preventive therapy may be used as a strategy to control TB. They concluded that the implementation of IPT targeted to people co-infected with HIV and TB may also have the perverse effect of speeding the emergence of drug-resistant TB.

"We're not saying isoniazid preventive therapy policies are ill-advised," said Cohen. "But we think they need to be coupled with an understanding that large-scale IPT programs should be ready to diagnose and treat individuals with drug-resistant TB as part of the programs."


'"/>

Source:Harvard School of Public Health


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Potential Drug Target For Treating Cocaine Abuse Found
2. NCI Researchers Confirm the Effectiveness of Immunotherapy Approach to Treating Melanoma
3. Opiates Better Than Sedatives For Treating Newborns In Withdrawal
4. Measuring the impact of post-genomics on Mediterranean populations
5. A new study examines how shared pathogens affect host populations
6. New discovery: Molecular variation in one gene affects the growth of natural populations
7. Escapee farmed salmon infiltrate fitter wild populations
8. Researchers make progress in studying genetic traits of India-born populations
9. Commercial fishing causes dangerous fluctuations in fish populations
10. Ongoing collapse of coral reef shark populations
11. Antarctic warming to reduce animals at base of ecosystem, shift some penguin populations southward
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/2/2016)... Perimeter Surveillance & Detection Systems, Biometrics & ... & Other Service  The latest report from ... of the global Border Security market . Visiongain ... billion in 2016. Now: In November 2015 ... and hardware technologies for advanced video surveillance. ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... IRVINE, Calif. , May 24, 2016 Ampronix facilitates superior patient care ... LMD3251MT  3D medical LCD display is the latest premium product recently added to ... ... ... Sony 3d Imaging- LCD Medical Display- Ampronix News ...
(Date:5/16/2016)... 2016   EyeLock LLC , a market leader ... of an IoT Center of Excellence in ... development of embedded iris biometric applications. EyeLock,s ... and security with unmatched biometric accuracy, making it the ... DNA. EyeLock,s platform uses video technology to deliver a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... will join the faculty of the University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business ... strategy and entrepreneurship at UNC Kenan-Flagler, with a focus on the school’s international ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... --  Ginkgo Bioworks , a leading organism design ... awarded as one of the World Economic Forum,s ... innovative companies. Ginkgo Bioworks is engineering biology to ... in the nutrition, health and consumer goods sectors. ... including Fortune 500 companies to design microbes for ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 Epic Sciences ... detects cancers susceptible to PARP inhibitors by targeting ... cells (CTCs). The new test has already been ... in multiple cancer types. Over 230 ... damage response pathways, including PARP, ATM, ATR, DNA-PK ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Researchers at the Universita Politecnica delle Marche in Ancona ... or pleural mesothelioma. Their findings are the subject of a new article on the ... are signposts in the blood, lung fluid or tissue of mesothelioma patients that can ...
Breaking Biology Technology: