Navigation Links
Transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria linked to previous intensive care unit room occupants

Staying in a room in the intensive care unit (ICU) previously occupied by a patient with treatment-resistant bacteria may increase the odds of acquiring such bacteria, according to a report in the October 9 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Two particular microorganisms cause significant illness and death in hospitals: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), according to background information in the article. Researchers previously found that 29 percent of patients who acquire these pathogens develop infections or other complications within 18 months. Floors, beds, gowns, faucets and other hospital room fixtures are persistently contaminated with these bacteria, but it is not known whether levels of the bacteria are high enough to infect additional patients or whether currently mandated cleaning practices are effective in reducing bacterial spread. "Although high-risk rooms may exist because of difficult-to-clean design or poor placement of hand hygiene equipment, transmission may be more directly linked to a prior occupant who harbors a resistant organism rather than to a particular room," the authors write.

Susan S. Huang, M.D., M.P.H., Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, and colleagues conducted a 20-month study of 8,203 patients who had 11,528 stays in eight ICUs between 2003 and 2005. As part of the hospitals' normal protocols, cultures were obtained from all ICU patients when they arrived and every week they stayed to determine the presence of MRSA and VRE.

Upon entering the ICU, 809 patients carried MRSA and 658 carried VRE, leaving 7,629 to screen for the acquisition of MRSA and 7,806 for acquisition of VRE. The average patient age was 61 years, and 58 percent were male. Fourteen percent of these ICU patients stayed in rooms in which the prior occupant had MRSA and 13 percent stayed in rooms in which t
'"/>

Source:JAMA and Archives Journals


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Aircraft Cabin Ventilation Influences The Transmission Of Diseases In-flight
2. Antiretroviral Therapy May Prevent HIV Transmission From Breastfeeding Mothers To Infants
3. Study indicates dramatic rise in antibiotic-resistant community-acquired staph infections
4. Study shows antibiotic-resistant bacteria responsible for increase in muscle infections
5. Protein discovery targets antibiotic-resistant bacteria
6. Anti-bacterial additive widespread in U.S. waterways
7. A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease
8. Discovery of key proteins shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine
9. Scientists discover that host cell lipids facilitate bacterial movement
10. Family trees of ancient bacteria reveal evolutionary moves
11. Drug-resistant bacteria on poultry products differ by brand
Post Your Comments:
(Date:9/2/2014)... Museum will present the prestigious Parker/Gentry Award to Mr. ... biodiversity conservation awareness. The Parker/Gentry Award is given annually ... or organization whose efforts have had a significant impact ... actions can serve as a model to others. , ... science and conservation news website that draws more than ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... Bavaria, the Tithonian Konservat-Lagersttte of lithographic limestone is ... of emblematic fossils from that area (for example, ... found fossil insects in the French equivalent of ... species representing the oldest known water treader. , ... Bavarian outcrops, fewer fossils have been obtained from ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... the September issue of BioScience , Samantha ... communities in the aftermath of the 2010 Macondo ... hydrocarbon-degrading microbes to the unprecedented deepwater oil plume., ... the responses of indigenous microbial communities to a ... within cells known as ribosomal RNA and analyses ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Exceptionally well preserved insect fossils from the Rhône Valley 2Changing microbial dynamics in the wake of the Macondo blowout 2
... year history of variation in a gene found in plants ... of California, San Diego have found new evidence to support ... , Their study, published this week in an early online ... Sciences, offers new support for the idea that the loss ...
... darkness throws a molecular switch in mammals that shifts the ... state of torpor in mice, a research team led by ... reports in the Jan. 19 edition of Nature. ... hibernation, researchers note that the pivotal metabolic signal that emerged ...
... found in nearly 5 percent of pneumonia patients in ... from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report ... Infectious Diseases , "Our preliminary data suggests that human ... among young children," says Alicia Fry, one of the ...
Cached Biology News:UCSD biologists find new evidence for one-way evolution 2Darkness unveils vital metabolic fuel switch between sugar and fat 2Darkness unveils vital metabolic fuel switch between sugar and fat 3Bocavirus infection may be associated with pneumonia in Thailand, especially in children 2
(Date:9/2/2014)... and NEW PROVIDENCE, N.J. , Sept. ... is a corporate sponsor for MassBio,s 20th Annual Golf ... the MassBioEd Foundation. The event will be held on ... Plymouth, Massachusetts . ... Massachusetts through educational programs, workforce ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... is a critical, yet often overlooked factor in ... characterize the effects of aggregation on both radiofrequency ... magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs), including detailed analysis ... While aggregation is shown to produce significant reductions ... present a new method to quantify and correlate ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... materials about a billionth of a meter in size, ... they can benefit human health, as in some innovative ... it through viruses, air pollution, traffic emissions, cosmetics, sunscreen ... University in St. Louis, led by Lan Yang, PhD, ... & Systems Engineering, and their collaborators at Tsinghua University ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... be used for detailed studies of what happens on ... pharmaceuticals research, among other applications. A group of researchers ... artificial cell membranes form across a large number of ... between the interior of a cell and its surroundings ... a surface layer that holds the cell together and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Linde helps fund STEM education in Massachusetts 2Linde helps fund STEM education in Massachusetts 3Accounting for biological aggregation in heating and imaging of magnetic nanoparticles 2Engineers develop new sensor to detect tiny individual nanoparticles 2Engineers develop new sensor to detect tiny individual nanoparticles 3Nano-forests to reveal secrets of cells 2
... System Flexibility & Efficiency, MELVILLE, N.Y., ... ) today announced the launch of NIS-Elements ... confocal and widefield,imaging in a single unifying ... microscopy software enables full integration of confocal,specific ...
... Edwards Lifesciences,Corporation (NYSE: EW ), a global leader ... to announce its operating,results for the quarter ended December ... 2008 and will host a conference call at 5:00 ... participate in the conference call, dial (877) 407-8037 or ...
... Cynosure, Inc.,(Nasdaq: CYNO ), a leading ... aesthetic treatment systems, today announced that the company,will ... call on Tuesday,February 12, 2008 at 9:00 a.m. ... Executive Officer Michael Davin and,Executive Vice President and ...
Cached Biology Technology:Nikon Instruments' New NIS-Elements C Delivers Comprehensive Confocal and Widefield Imaging Capabilities in Single Unifying Software Platform 2Edwards Lifesciences to Host Earnings Conference Call on February 5, 2008 2Cynosure to Announce Fourth-Quarter and Full Year 2007 Financial Results on February 12 2
...
Human/Mouse/Rat p38 alpha Affinity Purified PAb...
sterile filtered, off the clot, all male donors, Total Protein: 4.5 to 8.5 g/dl...
Human alpha-1-antitrypsin. No cross-reactivity with alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, serum albumin or other serum proteins....
Biology Products: