Navigation Links
Three-dimensional, miniature endoscope opens new diagnostic possibilities

Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researchers have developed a new type of miniature endoscope that produces three-dimensional, high-definition images, which may greatly expand the application of minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. In the October 19 issue of Nature, the team from the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at MGH describes their prototype device and a demonstration of its use in a mouse model.

"This new ultraminiature endoscope is the first to allow three-dimensional imaging of areas inside the body," says Guillermo Tearney, MD, PhD, of the MGH Wellman Center, the report's senior author. "Its ability to go places that other imaging tools cannot reach opens new possibilities for medical diagnosis and eventually treatment."

Standard miniature endoscopic devices ?which give physicians access to hard-to-reach internal organs and structures ?utilize bundles of optical fibers to supply light to and transmit images from the areas of interest. Larger endoscopes that use image sensors to produce high-quality, two-dimensional images can be a centimeter or more in diameter. Existing miniature endoscopes using smaller fiber bundles may be more flexible but have difficulty producing high-quality images.

The new device developed at MGH-Wellman uses a technology called spectrally encoded endoscopy (SEE). Multicolored light from a single optical fiber ?introduced through a probe about the size of a human hair ?is broken into its component colors and projected onto tissue, with each color illuminating a different part of the tissue surface. The light reflected back is recorded, and the intensity of the various colors decoded by a spectrometer, which analyzes the wavelengths of light. Another device called an interferometer, which calculates structural information based on the interaction between two waves of light, provides the data required to create three-dimensional images.

To demonstrate the device's application in a live animal, the researchers used the system to image metastatic ovarian tumors on the abdominal wall of a mouse. The SEE probe was passed into the abdominal cavity through a fine-gauge needle. The resulting three-dimensional image showed several raised areas of tumor nodules, the presence of which was confirmed by histologic analysis of the tissue.

"The most important feature of this new endoscope is the ability to obtain three-dimensional images, something we don't believe is offered by any commercially available miniature endoscope system," says Dvir Yelin, PhD, first author of the Nature paper. "While the image resolution we achieved in this demonstration is similar to existing small-diameter endoscopes, with further optimization of the optics it is possible to obtain images with 10 times the number of pixels provided by other miniature endoscopes."

"This new technology will offer physicians and surgeons the capability to bring many more procedures into outpatient settings, reduce anesthesia requirements and minimize tissue damage," Tearney adds. "The device's size and flexibility should allow safer navigation through such delicate structures as the salivary ducts, the fallopian tubes and the pancreatic duct. Fetal and pediatric procedures may also benefit from this tool. Eventually, SEE could give rise to new procedures that permit diagnosis and microsurgery in previously inaccessible areas of the body."


'"/>

Source:Massachusetts General Hospital


Related biology news :

1. Making plant cells work like miniature factories
2. Researchers to develop ultra-miniature implantable sensors to measure blood flow
3. Color-blind method opens new doors in DNA sequencing
4. Membrane research opens window to benefits for plants, humans
5. Its in the genes: Study opens door to new treatment of the blues
6. Gene discovery opens door to tackling disease
7. Male contraception: One door opens, another closes
8. Study of genomic DNA leads to new advances in cancer diagnostics
9. Researchers develop rapid diagnostic tool for pathogen identification
10. An advanced genetic diagnostic method for multiple myeloma
11. GreeneChip -- New diagnostic tool that rapidly and accurately identifies multiple pathogens
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/8/2016)... ALAMEDA, Calif. , Dec. 8, 2016  Singulex, ... Single Molecule Counting technology, entered into a license and ... in serving science. The agreement provides Singulex access to ... Europe is used to diagnose ... the United States to aid in assessing ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... , December 7, 2016 BioCatch , ... expansion of its patent portfolio, which grew to over 40 granted and ... , , ... recently filed patent entitled " System, Device, and Method Estimating ... that enables device makers to forego costly hardware components needed to estimate ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... --  Veridium , a leader in biometrics-based authentication ... James Stickland . Stickland, a seasoned financial ... served in senior executive roles for HSBC, JPMorgan ... a pipeline of venture capital and accelerating innovation ... as managing director of U.K.-based fintech firm Red ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... Application - Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2014-2022" report ... ... projected to reach $15,737 million by 2022 from $6,521 in 2015, ... Omic technologies segment accounted for more than half of ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Research and Markets ... announced the addition of the "Implantable Biomaterials Market ... report to their offering. Report Highlights: ... analysis on current and future market trends to identify the investment opportunities ... the base numbers Key market trends across the business ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 19, 2017  ArmaGen, Inc., ... Schmidt , Ph.D., as chief executive officer, as ... directors. Dr. Schmidt brings to ArmaGen more than 17 ... research and development of biotherapeutics and pharmaceuticals. ... with the diverse experience and skillset necessary to ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Island, NY (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... at an exponential rate. The tremendous growth is accounted to two main factors. ... the table and the expanding network of vendors supplying FireflySci products all around the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: