Navigation Links
The evolution of food plants: Genetic control of grass flower architecture

Scientists are interested in understanding genetic control of grass inflorescence architecture because seeds of cereal grasses (e.g. rice, wheat, maize) provide most of the world's food.

Grass seeds are borne on axillary branches, whose branching patterns dictate most of the variation in form seen in the grasses. Maize produces two types of inflorescence; the tassel (male pollen-bearing flowers) and the ear (female flowers and site of seed or kernel development). The tassel forms from the shoot apical meristem after the production of a defined number of leaves, whereas ears form at the tips of compact axillary branches. Normal maize ears are unbranched, and tassels have long branches only at their base.

Many different genes control the architecture as well as the nutrient content in cereal grasses. The ramosa2 (ra2) mutant of maize has increased branching of inflorescences relative to wild type plants, with short branches replaced by long, indeterminate ones, suggesting that the ra2 gene plays an important role in controlling inflorescence architecture. A recent publication in The Plant Cell (Bortiri et al.) reports that ra2 encodes a putative transcription factor, or protein that controls the expression of other genes. Scientists involved in the study were Esteban Bortiri, George Chuck, and Sarah Hake of the USDA Plant Gene Expression Center and University of California at Berkeley and colleagues Erik Vollbrecht of Iowa State University, Torbert Rocheford of the University of Illinois, and Rob Martienssen of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York.

The group found that the ra2 gene is transiently expressed early in development of the maize inflorescence. Analysis of gene expression in a number of different mutant backgrounds placed ra2 function upstream of other genes that regulate branch formation. The early expression of ra2 suggests that it functions in regulating the patterning of stem cells in axillary meristems.

Said Dr. Hak
'"/>

Source:American Society of Plant Biologists


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Molecular biology fills gaps in knowledge of bat evolution
2. Same mutation aided evolution in many fish species, Stanford study finds
3. Researchers trace evolution to relatively simple genetic changes
4. Family trees of ancient bacteria reveal evolutionary moves
5. Great White shark evolution debate involves WSU Lake Campus geology professor
6. Revolutionary nanotechnology illuminates brain cells at work
7. The evolutionary triumph of flower power
8. MicroRNAs play a big part in gene regulation - and evolution
9. Enlisting genomics to understand flu evolution
10. Variation in HIVs ability to disable host defenses contributes to rapid evolution
11. Scientists track stealth DNA elements in primate evolution
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/28/2014)... differences in moving activity in a novel environment ... angling, according to an experimental study completed at ... Game and Fisheries Research Institute. The study used ... and authentic angling trials to analyse if behaviours ... reared in traditional and enriched hatchery rearing environments. ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... and citrus fruits and juices are associated with a ... research from the University of East Anglia (UEA). ... foods containing flavonols and flavanones (both subclasses of dietary ... cancer, the fifth-leading cause of cancer death among women. ... of 171,940 women aged between 25 and 55 for ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... are an indigenous species of the West Antarctic Peninsula ... Earth. Since 1950, the average annual temperature in the ... and 6 degrees Celsius during winter. , As ... dry, polar system to a warmer, sub-polar system with ... a connection between local weather conditions and the weight ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fish 'personality' linked to vulnerability to angling 2Tea and citrus products could lower ovarian cancer risk, new UEA research finds 2University of Delaware study connects penguin chick weights to local weather conditions 2University of Delaware study connects penguin chick weights to local weather conditions 3
... they used fluorescent molecules to "tag" DNA and monitor a ... rearranging genetic material in some types of cells. ... light on how DNA loops form, but also might be ... shuffle genetic material, such as HIV. Until now, scientists ...
... more DNA regions linked to type 2 diabetes have been ... to over 60. The study provides a fuller picture ... with some clear patterns emerging. The international team, ... Institute of Harvard and MIT, and the University of Michigan, ...
... affordable and accessible, we need to pay more attention to ... and the fact that we don,t yet understand what ... Hastings Center Report . The authors are current or former ... Most analyses of the ethical issues raised by whole ...
Cached Biology News:Scientists use light to 'tag and track' genetic processes 210 new diabetes gene links offer picture of biology underlying disease 210 new diabetes gene links offer picture of biology underlying disease 3Prenatal whole genome sequencing: Just because we can, should we? 2Prenatal whole genome sequencing: Just because we can, should we? 3
(Date:10/27/2014)... BOSTON, MA (PRWEB) October 27, 2014 ... and profit. SoundConnect , an industry leading ... for its partners and agents to deliver cloud-based ... and accelerate growth opportunities. , With SoundConnect’s ... for every twenty-five video and/or web conferencing licenses ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... 27, 2014 The report “Smart ... Traffic Management, Communication, Monitoring), and by Display (Variable ... 2019” segments the global market into various sub-segments ... also identifies the drivers and restraints for this ... , Browse 75 market tables and 37 figures ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... Pa. , Oct. 27, 2014 ... Foundation of America (CCFA) announced today the launch ... , an educational campaign designed to ... diseases (IBD) on the paired role of nutrition ... To view the multimedia assets associated with this ...
(Date:10/26/2014)... 26, 2014 The report "Data ... Network Security Equipment, WAN Optimization Appliances]: Global Advancements, ... the data center networking market into various segments ... The report also identifies the factors driving this ... it along with the future roadmaps. , Browse ...
Breaking Biology Technology:SoundConnect Unveils Q4 Partner Incentives 2Smart Highway Market by Technology, and Display Expected to Reach $27.992.0 Million by 2019- New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Smart Highway Market by Technology, and Display Expected to Reach $27.992.0 Million by 2019- New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Smart Highway Market by Technology, and Display Expected to Reach $27.992.0 Million by 2019- New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Celebrity Cook Sunny Anderson Teams Up With Janssen And Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Of America To Launch Educational Campaign 2Celebrity Cook Sunny Anderson Teams Up With Janssen And Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Of America To Launch Educational Campaign 3Celebrity Cook Sunny Anderson Teams Up With Janssen And Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Of America To Launch Educational Campaign 4Data Center Networking Market by Ethernet Switches, SAN & Routers Worth $21.85 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Data Center Networking Market by Ethernet Switches, SAN & Routers Worth $21.85 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Data Center Networking Market by Ethernet Switches, SAN & Routers Worth $21.85 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4
... news item is out of step with public opinion in ... state of Wisconsin grants $1 million and loans another $1 ... UW-Madison researcher so renowned that the words "Nobel Prize" practically ... drug discovery. , ,• The National Institutes of Health, the ...
... records have led to some adoption of the technology but ... ,Then Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast, destroying countless ... ,Katrina, and her followup Rita, may not only have changed ... focus of debate on electronic healthcare records. It is becoming ...
... -- Research scientist Seth Dobrin, Ph.D., has been named ... Genotyping Service of the Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation. , ,He ... to problems of mental health and development of new genetic ... discoveries he made earlier in his career as well as ...
Cached Biology Technology:Stem cell bank announcement validates quality of Wisconsin research 2Stem cell bank announcement validates quality of Wisconsin research 3Katrina's destruction likely to speed up electronic healthcare records adoption 2Katrina's destruction likely to speed up electronic healthcare records adoption 3Katrina's destruction likely to speed up electronic healthcare records adoption 4
Request Info...
... Biosearch Technologies has been at the ... accelerate the discovery and application of ... FRET probes and primers or 100 ... applications, Biosearch can meet your most ...
... Protein Concentration Basement Membrane Extract Cultrex ... in vivo applications where higher protein ... gel strength, and elevated levels of ... advantage of lot-to-lot consistency and controlled ...
Cultrex 3D Culture Matrix Laminin I....
Biology Products: