Navigation Links
Tetanus toxin found to have therapeutic properties

A team of researchers from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Institute of Neuroscience at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona has discovered that tetanus toxin, which causes tetanus, could be extremely useful as a therapy against psychological disorders such as depression, anxiety and anorexia, and to slow the progress of neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease.

Tetanus toxin is a neurotoxin belonging to the same family as botulinum neurotoxins, which cause botulism. These have been successfully used as a therapy to treat disorders caused by abnormal muscular contractions such as strabismus, cerebral palsy, anal contractions and torticollis. Recently these toxins have been used even in cosmetics against wrinkles. For these therapeutic and cosmetic applications, the scientists are working with sublethal doses of toxins.

Led by José Aguilera, scientists from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Institute of Neuroscience at the UAB, have studied whether it would also be possible to use sublethal doses of tetanus toxin and molecules derived from tetanus toxin for therapeutic purposes. The results have been obtained in the laboratory after 20 years of studying these toxins, and they are very encouraging.

Two separate, distinct parts form the tetanus toxin molecule: one part is the cause of the toxic effects and the tetanus symptoms; the other, however, is harmless and is able to penetrate and affect the nervous system. This harmless part, called the carboxy-terminal domain, has been reproduced in large quantities in the laboratory so that tests can be carried out on its effects on the nervous system of rats.

The experiments have shown that the harmless part inhibits serotonin from being transported through the synaptic membranes, i.e. the membranes that connect the neurones so that signals can be sent through the brain. The molecule is as effective as the selective inhibit ors currently used, but they are more powerful, they last longer, and they are more specific. This inhibitory effect converts the molecule into what could be a drug with many uses. It would be more effective than Prozac and more effective than any drug that works by selectively inhibiting the transportation of serotonin in the nerve endings. Behavioural disorders such as depression, anxiety and anorexia may be treated using the molecule derived from tetanus toxin.

The researchers have also been able to show that toxin and its recombinant fragment, carboxy terminal, the harmless fragment, strengthens the neural cells and protects them from external aggressions. This means it has a neuroprotective effect that prevents the death of the neurons when they are faced with aggressive situations. This is why the scientists believe the harmless toxin fragment could be more effective than neurotrophins as protection against neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease.


'"/>

Source:Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona


Related biology news :

1. Defensins neutralize anthrax toxin
2. Green catalyst destroys pesticides and munitions toxins, finds Carnegie Mellon University
3. Structures of marine toxins provide insight into their effectiveness as cancer drugs
4. Prenatal exposure to marine toxin causes lasting damage
5. UCSD study finds anthrax toxins also harmful to fruit flies
6. Scientists design potent anthrax toxin inhibitor
7. Anthrax inhibitor counteracts toxin, may lead to new therapeutics
8. Scientists reveal how deadly toxin hijacks cells
9. Scientists develop a way to make the deadliest toxin known even more toxic
10. Yale researchers find environmental toxins disruptive to hearing in mammals
11. Evolution mystery: Spider venom and bacteria share same toxin
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/11/2016)... 2016 http://www.apimages.com ) - --> ... available at AP Images ( http://www.apimages.com ) - ... to produce the new refugee identity cards. DERMALOG will be unveiling ... in Hanover next week.   --> ... used to produce the new refugee identity cards. DERMALOG will be ...
(Date:3/9/2016)... Germany , March 9, 2016 ... country,s government identified that more than 23,000 public service ... or had been receiving their salary unlawfully.    ... African country,s government identified that more than 23,000 public ... name or had been receiving their salary unlawfully.    ...
(Date:3/3/2016)... and DE SOTO, Kansas , ... Stroke Detection Plus® to offer Oncimmune,s Early CDT®-Lung, ... and early detection of lung cancer Early ... unions and individuals. --> Early CDT®-Lung test ... individuals. --> Oncimmune, a leader in early ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... , ... May 03, 2016 , ... In a list ... out of the state’s 76 fastest-growing private companies; a small percentage of the state's ... ranked organizations on the percent change in revenue from 2012 to 2015. ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... addition of Dr. Nancy Gillett to its Board of Directors. Dr. Gillett recently ... as Corporate Executive Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer. A board-certified veterinary pathologist, ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... NeuroTech NYC , the sensor and data driven conferences, will take place on June 7-8, ... UnitedHealth's Vidya Raman-Tangella on incorporating technology -- including AR/VR, machine learning, ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... May 3, 2016  Dr. Thomas P. McHugh ... The Woodlands, Texas , now offers ... of treated fat cells in just 25-minutes, leaving a ... 90 percent of Americans report feeling bothered by excess ... reduction procedures are a growing industry. This innovative new ...
Breaking Biology Technology: