Navigation Links
Tears reveal some of their deepest secrets to researchers

yelashes. Researchers gently pressed the volunteers' lower eyelids and collected droplets of meibum in tiny glass tubes.

The researchers examined the meibum samples in the laboratory. They used a technique called electrospray mass spectrometry to differentiate between the different lipid components. This technique adds an electric charge to microscopic droplets of the oily substance, which allows the instrument to detect different components based on electrical charges and mass.

Nichols points out that researchers have used other techniques, such as chromatography, to characterize types of lipids in the tear film, but advances in mass spectrometry technology are improving research efforts.

"Other scientists used different techniques to try to determine the composition of meibum, but mass spectrometry is sensitive enough to detect individual lipid molecules, like oleamide," Nichols said.

Oleamide was first identified as a lipid in the brain, where one of its roles is to induce sleep. It also has other key functions throughout the central nervous system. But the current study is the first to find and describe oleamide and related lipids in tear film.

"The finding could give us more insight into the role of lipid activity in humans and may also indicate a new function for oleamide and related lipids in cellular signaling in the eye and in the maintenance of tear film," said Nichols, adding that researchers don't fully understand the function of oleamide, or the other lipids in the meibum.

"Oleamide appears to be a predominate lipid in tear film," she said. "It's there for a reason, but we're not sure yet what that reason is."

Nichols and her team are currently studying the role of oleamide in cellular signaling and communication in the eye, along with the role that the lipid may play in dry eye.

"Dry eye is really a disorder of symptoms that irritate the eyes," Nichols said. "Not everyone w
'"/>

Source:Ohio State University


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Elusive HIV shape change revealed; Key clue to how virus infects cells
2. Timing is everything: First step in protein building revealed
3. Researchers reveal the infectious impact of salmon farms on wild salmon
4. A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease
5. Scientists reveal molecular secrets of the malaria parasite
6. Studies reveal methods viruses use to sidestep immune system
7. First real-time view of developing neurons reveals surprises, say Stanford researchers
8. Examination of internal wiring of yeast, worm, and fly reveals conserved circuits
9. Family trees of ancient bacteria reveal evolutionary moves
10. NYU study reveals how brains immune system fights viral encephalitis
11. Iron exporter revealed that may explain common human disorder
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Tears reveal some their deepest secrets researchers

(Date:9/30/2014)... Mediterranean each year, but its deep-blue waters host ... 1,000 alien species, including fish, crustaceans, and algae ... activities. In the open-access journal Frontiers in ... analyzed data from a new information system developed ... introduction of alien species has changed the native ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... watermelon, salmon, and strawberries all have in common? ... of chromosomes and are diploid, these organisms are all ... chromosomesseedless watermelon and salmon have 3 and 4 sets ... this might seem surprising, in fact most plant species ... over a century ago, but only recently, with the ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... Prenatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene (PCE) in drinking water ... abruption, according to a new study led by ... , The study, published in the journal ... 1,019 unexposed pregnancies among 1,766 women in Cape ... late 1960s to the early 1980s by the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biodiversity in the Mediterranean is threatened by alien species 2Gene doubling shapes the world: Instant speciation, biodiversity, and the root of our existence 2Gene doubling shapes the world: Instant speciation, biodiversity, and the root of our existence 3Gene doubling shapes the world: Instant speciation, biodiversity, and the root of our existence 4Contaminated water linked to pregnancy complications, BU study finds 2
... an odd-looking mouse discovered through a U.S. government breeding program in ... set of ribs in its neck and nobody knew why. ... of California, San Francisco has now spilled the genetic secrets of ... new wrinkle in the genetic code an entirely unrecognized way ...
... to announce BIOLOGY OPEN (BiO), a new online only, ... of the biological sciences including cell science, developmental biology ... rapid publication for peer reviewed, scientifically sound observations and ... will address some big issues in publishing and is ...
... Two groups of small fish, one from a Caribbean island and ... fastest rates of evolution known in any organism, according to a ... found from Massachusetts to Venezuela -- and they are all pretty ... Davis graduate student working with Peter Wainwright, a professor of evolution ...
Cached Biology News:Mutant mouse reveals new wrinkle in genetic code, say UCSF scientists 2Mutant mouse reveals new wrinkle in genetic code, say UCSF scientists 3Announcing BIOLOGY OPEN from the Company of Biologists 2'Explosive' evolution in pupfish 2
(Date:10/1/2014)... METTLER TOLEDO’s newly improved XS balance ... balances as well as a dual range microbalance ... new SmartPan™ weighing pan delivers results up to twice ... balances, ergonomic design details mean users no longer need ... long periods in front of the balance. Barbara Bienlein, ...
(Date:10/1/2014)... CHICAGO , Oct. 1, 2014 ... purity Mannose (USP/NF, EP), manufactured in the ... conditions.  "Mannose has long been recognized for playing ... is a growing body of evidence that media ... and consistency of protein glycosylation," according to Dr. ...
(Date:10/1/2014)... September 30, 2014 New applications of ... that have evolved in nature over millennia are featured ... materials for applications in biophotonics in the October ... The journal is published by SPIE, the international society ... Several of the peer-reviewed articles are accessible via open ...
(Date:10/1/2014)... Sept. 30, 2014 This report ... in US$ Million by the following Product ... Enzymes. Specific end-use segments also analyzed are ... The report provides separate comprehensive analytics ... Middle East, and Latin America. Annual estimates ...
Breaking Biology Technology:METTLER TOLEDO’s XS Balance Line Delivers Performance and Ergonomics To Safeguard Health in the Workplace 2METTLER TOLEDO’s XS Balance Line Delivers Performance and Ergonomics To Safeguard Health in the Workplace 3Pfanstiehl Launches cGMP-produced Mannose for Cell Culture Media Optimization & Glycoprotein Biosynthesis 2Biomimetic and bioinspired materials enable new healthcare options, reports Journal of Biomedical Optics 2Biomimetic and bioinspired materials enable new healthcare options, reports Journal of Biomedical Optics 3Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 2Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 3Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 4Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 5Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 6Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 7Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 8Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 9Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 10Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 11Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 12Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 13Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 14Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 15Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 16Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 17Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 18Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 19Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 20Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 21Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 22Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 23Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 24Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 25Global Specialty Enzymes Industry 26
... Virent , a University of Wisconsin-Madison spinoff working ... from the Department of Energy for continued research. , ,The ... and sugar in a one-step process as part of a ... of the problems of storing hydrogen, a highly explosive gas. ...
... for the 21st Century Act, commonly called Check 21, ... electronic check imaging. , ,Check 21, which will come ... the efficiency of the payments system by legalizing the ... the physical documents. Using the substitute check, banks are ...
... live in interesting times. Not so long ago, we IT practitioners may ... moons on them. What we did was a mystery to the rest ... magic trick gone bad, there was a huge puff of smoke on ... for all the world to see. , ,Somewhere in all of that, ...
Cached Biology Technology:Wisconsin firms make acquisitions for Check 21 readiness 2IT leadership is not just for CIOs anymore 2
... workstation offers precise 96 and 384-well transfers ... 100ul and 200ul disposable tips, the 96 ... and precision across a volume range from ... two positions that enable indexing into 384 ...
... Rabbit Tissue Arrays contain 60 rabbit tissue samples ... contains 4 unstained slides and 1 hematoxylin and ... slide contains 15 different tissues from 4 rabbit ... per slide. Each tissue sample (or core) is ...
A univariate (peak height or area) quantitative multi-component analysis package....
... The new, upgraded micro 10 represents ... that brings many of the benefits of ... of the small benchtop dispenser. Dispensing accurate ... well, the micro 10 has unique advantages ...
Biology Products: