Navigation Links
Symbiotic bacteria protect hunting wasps from fungal infestation

Researchers have discovered a fascinating symbiotic relationship between a wasp species and a newly discovered bacterial species ?a relationship that potentially sheds light on how bacteria can be successfully utilized by higher organisms in defensive mechanisms against other microbes. In the new work, researchers show that a solitary ground-nesting wasp, the European beewolf, harbors Streptomyces bacteria in unique structures within its antennae and that females utilize these bacterial symbionts to protect the wasp larvae against pathogenic fungi.

Detrimental microorganisms are a permanent threat to higher organisms, and because of their high reproductive potential and adaptability, they are extremely difficult to control. Ironically, the best counteragents against microbes are often other microbes that produce very potent antibiotics. Thus, an effective and elegant way to counter the threat caused by bacteria and fungi is to establish a symbiotic relationship with innocuous antibiotic-producing bacteria that provide protection against the most dangerous pathogens. As yet, only a few cases of defensive symbioses between higher organisms and bacteria have been reported.

In their new paper, Martin Kaltenpoth and his colleagues at the Biocenter of the University of Würzburg show that the European beewolf Philanthus triangulum has evolved a defensive symbiosis with a new species of bacteria of the genus Streptomyces. Interestingly, this genus comprises the most important group of bacteria for the production of antibiotics for human medicine.

Female beewolves provision their larvae with paralyzed honeybees in brood cells in the soil. As part of this process, the researchers show, they use their antennae to deliver the symbiotic bacteria to the ceiling of the brood cell before finally closing off the cell. The larvae then take up the bacteria and apply them to the silk threads of their cocoons. The researchers found that experimental removal of the bacteria caused increased fungal infestations and increased larval mortality ?in fact, little larval survival ?suggesting that the bacteria produce antibiotics that work against pathogenic fungi. These findings broaden our understanding of the evolution and functioning of symbioses that involve protective bacteria, and they may ultimately provide insight into strategies for dealing with antibiotic resistance in our own species's efforts to combat harmful microbes.

###

Martin Kaltenpoth, Wolfgang Göttler, Gudrun Herzner, and Erhard Strohm: "Symbiotic Bacteria Protect Wasp Larvae from Fungal Infestation"

The other members of the research team include Martin Kaltenpoth, Wolfgang Göttler, Gudrun Herzner, and Erhard Strohm from the University of Würzburg in Germany.

Publishing in Current Biology, Volume 15, Number 5, March 8, 2005, pages 475?79. http://www.current-biology.com


'"/>

Source:Cell Press


Related biology news :

1. Anti-bacterial additive widespread in U.S. waterways
2. A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease
3. Discovery of key proteins shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine
4. Scientists discover that host cell lipids facilitate bacterial movement
5. Family trees of ancient bacteria reveal evolutionary moves
6. Drug-resistant bacteria on poultry products differ by brand
7. Programmable cells: Engineer turns bacteria into living computers
8. NASA links nanobacteria to kidney stones and other diseases
9. Substance protects resilient staph bacteria
10. Physiological effects of reduced gravity on bacteria
11. Anammox bacteria produce nitrogen gas in oceans snackbar
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/17/2017)... April 17, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... the filing of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K on ... ... is available in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s website ... SEC,s website at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year Highlights: ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... No two people are believed to ... York University Tandon School of Engineering and Michigan ... partial similarities between prints are common enough that ... and other electronic devices can be more vulnerable ... in the fact that fingerprint-based authentication systems feature ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... LONDON , April 4, 2017 KEY ... is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of 25.76% ... neurodegenerative diseases is the primary factor for the growth ... full report: https://www.reportbuyer.com/product/4807905/ MARKET INSIGHTS The ... of product, technology, application, and geography. The stem cell ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... Kapstone Medical is ... of successes helping medical technology companies and inventors develop and safeguard their latest innovations. ... national engineering firm with a portfolio of clients in the United States and around ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... , ... The Conference Forum and The Trout Group ... of upcoming panels and events. The partnership culminates with the 4th Annual IO360° ... York City. , “With our experience in producing the Immuno-Oncology 360° NYC event and ...
(Date:8/14/2017)... ... August 14, 2017 , ... The Conference Forum has confirmed ... take place on September 6, 2017 at the Marriott Copley Place in Boston, MA. ... Medicine, Informatics, and Regulatory Strategy, Pfizer Innovative Research Lab, Pfizer, who leads 19 industry ...
(Date:8/10/2017)... ... August 09, 2017 , ... As ... industry reach its ideal customers with the right message. Their effective, cutting-edge inbound ... Midwest company, we realize how crucial the agriculture industry is,” said David Phelps, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: