Navigation Links
Study identifies risk factors for spread of respiratory infections in hospitals

The 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in China has lessons to teach hospitals on how to prevent the spread of other respiratory diseases, according to new research appearing in the April 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, currently available online.

Hospitals were epicenters of SARS transmission in Guangzhou province and Hong Kong in 2003. In hospitals with especially severe outbreaks, the researchers looked at environmental and administrative factors that may have assisted in the transmission of the infection from one patient to another. This new study suggests that hospital beds placed too closely together, hospital staff working while having symptoms of SARS, and the use of oxygen therapy were the most significant risk factors associated with the spread of SARS in 26 hospitals in Guangzhou and Hong Kong.

These findings have implications for controlling other respiratory disease threats, including pandemic influenza, according to senior author Joseph Sung, MD, PhD, of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. "The lesson we learned during the SARS epidemic," he said, "was that the hospital can be a breeding ground for infectious disease. Nosocomial infection can amplify an infectious disease outbreak. It is very important to provide adequate space in hospital wards and implement effective infection control measures in order to avoid cross-contamination in hospitals."

Unfortunately, the authors note, it is a common practice for hospitals to increase the number of hospital beds inside a ward to meet the increasing demand, especially during an epidemic. When the distance between beds is reduced, exhaled droplets can spread from one patient to adjacent patients, spreading infection.

Health care staff working while sick are an obvious source of infection. This study found that hospitals could reduce the risk of outbreaks by providing staff with hand-washing, showering, and changing facilities.

Th e use of oxygen therapy, including both the use of high flow rate oxygen masks and bi-level positive airway pressure ventilation, increased the risk of the spread of SARS. The authors hypothesize that these treatments may propel infectious air from these patients farther than without masks or ventilation. Alternatively, they may generate more infectious aerosols.

"There is a gap in the knowledge of how oxygen and ventilation therapy may promote the spread of infection. Future research should include investigating the safety of high flow rate oxygen therapy and positive pressure ventilation in medical facilities and effective ways of ventilating hospitals and clinics to avoid spreading of droplets," said Dr. Sung.

"These findings are relevant not only for SARS," he concluded, "but also for other infections transmitted by droplets such as influenza.

Fast Facts

  • Placing hospital beds less than 1 meter apart increased the risk of SARS transmission from one patient to another.
  • Hospital staff working while showing symptoms of SARS also increased the risk. Providing hand-washing, showering, and changing facilities decreased the risk.
  • The risk was greater when high flow oxygen therapy and positive airway pressure ventilation was used.
  • These lessons can be applied to controlling other respiratory disease outbreaks in hospitals.


Source:Infectious Diseases Society of America

Related biology news :

1. Novel Asthma Study Shows Multiple Genetic Input Required; Single-gene Solution Shot Down
2. Emory Study Tests Bone Marrow Stem Cells to Improve Circulation in Legs
3. UCLA Study Shows One-Third of Drug Ads in Medical Journals Do Not Contain References Supporting Medical Claims
4. Study Demonstrates Gene Expression Microarrays are Comparable and Reproducible
5. Study Links Ebola Outbreaks To Animal Carcasses
6. Breakthrough Microarray-based Technology for the Study of Cancer
7. NYU Study Reveals How Brains Immune System Fights Viral Encephalitis
8. Study finds more than one-third of human genome regulated by RNA
9. Leukemia Drug Breakthrough Study In New England Journal Of Medicine
10. Study identifies predictors of HIV drug resistance in patients beginning triple therapy
11. New Study from Affymetrix Laboratories Points to Changing View of How Genome Works
Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/27/2016)... 27, 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... to grow at a CAGR of 12.28% during the ... on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. The ... coming years. The report also includes a discussion of the key ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... , June 22, 2016  The American College of Medical ... Show Executive Magazine as one of the fastest-growing trade ... 25-27 at the Bellagio in Las Vegas ... highest percentage of growth in each of the following categories: ... companies and number of attendees. The 2015 ACMG Annual Meeting ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... , June 22, 2016   ... management and verification solutions, has partnered with ... software solutions for Visitor Management, Self-Service Kiosks ... provides products that add functional enhancements to ... provides corporations and venues with an automated ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... for clinical trials, announced today the Clinical Reach Virtual Patient Encounter CONSULT ... care circle with the physician and clinical trial team. , Using the CONSULT module, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016  Regular discussions on a range of subjects including ... two entities said Poloz. Speaking at a lecture ... , he pointed to the country,s inflation target, which is ... "In certain areas there ... common economic goals, why not sit down and address strategy ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... is pleased to announce the launch of their brand, UP4™ Probiotics, into Target ... over 35 years, is proud to add Target to its list of well-respected ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... Charm Sciences, Inc. is ... has received AOAC Research Institute approval 061601. , “This is another AOAC-RI approval ... Bob Salter, Vice President of Regulatory and Industrial Affairs. “The Peel Plate methods ...
Breaking Biology Technology: