Navigation Links
Study identifies new role for breast cancer susceptibility gene

A recently discovered facet of the breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 reveals a mechanism linking mutation of BRCA1 to formation of large blood vessels needed to support cancer progression. The findings demonstrate that, in addition to an impaired DNA damage response associated with cancer initiation, mutation of BRCA1 is also linked to manipulation of the tumor microenvironment. The research appears in the July issue of Cancer Cell, published by Cell Press.

Mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 account for up to 50% of hereditary breast cancers. BRCA1 is known to serve as a tumor suppressor by regulating DNA damage repair and maintaining genomic stability. Although the mechanism is not fully understood, reduced BRCA1 expression is also often correlated with accelerated growth and progression of breast tumors and with increased tumor blood vessel formation. In order to better understand the link between BRCA1 and tumor progression, Dr. Wen-Hwa Lee and colleagues from the Department of Biological Chemistry at the University of California, Irvine, designed a series of experiments to search for genes that are regulated by BRCA1.

The researchers used microarray analyses to identify genes repressed by BRCA1 or a related tumor suppressor, CtIP, in mammary epithelial cells (MECs). Among the 12 genes inhibited by BRCA1 or CtIP was the gene for a secreted factor, called ANG1, that enhances blood vessel growth and maturation. The researchers found that a defect in a repressor complex formed by BRCA1, CtIP, and another known transcription repressor, ZBRK1, released the gene for ANG1 from repression and promoted survival of neighboring blood vessel cells and formation of capillary-like structures. Further studies demonstrated that mouse mammary tumors deficient in BRCA1 display high levels of ANG1 expression, prominent vascularization, and accelerated growth.

"Our study finds that BRCA1 possesses a role in tumor suppression bey ond maintaining genomic stability by regulating intercellular signaling within the tissue microenvironment. This view will extend BRCA1's tumor suppression function to the surroundings that influence the fate of neighboring cells and fortify the pathogenic relevance of its defect to neoplastic growth," concludes Dr. Lee.


'"/>

Source:Cell Press


Related biology news :

1. Novel Asthma Study Shows Multiple Genetic Input Required; Single-gene Solution Shot Down
2. Emory Study Tests Bone Marrow Stem Cells to Improve Circulation in Legs
3. UCLA Study Shows One-Third of Drug Ads in Medical Journals Do Not Contain References Supporting Medical Claims
4. Study Demonstrates Gene Expression Microarrays are Comparable and Reproducible
5. Study Links Ebola Outbreaks To Animal Carcasses
6. Breakthrough Microarray-based Technology for the Study of Cancer
7. NYU Study Reveals How Brains Immune System Fights Viral Encephalitis
8. Study finds more than one-third of human genome regulated by RNA
9. Leukemia Drug Breakthrough Study In New England Journal Of Medicine
10. Study identifies predictors of HIV drug resistance in patients beginning triple therapy
11. New Study from Affymetrix Laboratories Points to Changing View of How Genome Works
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/13/2016)... 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting Medicaid patients in ... new clinical standard in telehealth thanks to a new ... higi platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely track key health ... mass index, and, when they opt in, share them ... to a local retail location at no cost. By ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... 22, 2016 According ... Market for Consumer Industry by Type (Image, Motion, ... (Communication & IT, Entertainment, Home Appliances, & ... to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market ... reach USD 26.76 Billion by 2022, at ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... --> --> ... Research "Digital Door Lock Systems Market - Global Industry Analysis, ... global digital door lock systems market in terms of revenue ... forecast to grow at a CAGR of 31.8% during the ... enterprises (MSMEs) across the world and high industrial activity driving ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... medicine, is excited to announce the launch of the Proove Health Foundation ... volunteerism, and education to promote the use of personalized medicine for tackling the ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... necessary fundamentals to transform technology into a viable company, CereScan’s CEO, John Kelley, ... Mr. Kelley, a recognized leader and mentor in the Denver area business community, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... Italy , April 29, 2016 ... 5.11, the latest update to its industry-leading treatment planning ... shown that Monaco version 5.11 ... can now attain calculation speeds up to four times ... . With the industry,s gold standard ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... Connecticut's innovative, growing companies, today announced the launch of VentureClash , a ... companies. , “VentureClash looks to attract the best early-stage companies here ...
Breaking Biology Technology: