Navigation Links
Study Links Ebola Outbreaks To Animal Carcasses

All recent Ebola virus outbreaks in humans in forests between Gabon and the Republic of Congo were the result of handling infected wild animal carcasses, according to a study by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and its regional partners. Appearing in the February edition of the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases, the study found that many animal carcasses tested for Ebola between 2001 and 2003 produced positive results, and found direct links between the deadly disease in animal populations and humans.

"This research proves that hunting and consumption of great apes represent a serious health risk for people in Central Africa, and a risk that can be avoided," said Dr. William Karesh, field veterinarian for the Wildlife Conservation Society and a co-author on the paper. "What we need now is improved awareness of this risk in communities where bushmeat is still a source of sustenance and continued monitoring of wildlife in the region. We have identified a 'win ?win' opportunity by using this information to both protect endangered apes from illegal hunting and to protect humans from deadly outbreaks."

The paper provides definitive proof for the assumption that Ebola moves from wildlife populations to humans through the consumption or handling of carcasses or bushmeat.

Specifically, the researchers found that Ebola infections in wild animals such as gorillas, chimpanzees, and occasionally duikers (a diminutive antelope species), move across the human-wildlife divide through hunters taking either sick animals or carcasses for meat. Hunters can then spread the disease to families and hospital workers, creating the conditions for an epidemic in the process.

Between August 2001 and June 2003, researchers noted that wildlife outbreaks occurred prior to five human outbreaks in the same relative locations. During this same period, 98 animal carcasses were discovered in the region straddling northeast Gabon and the northwest Republic of C ongo. Of these carcasses, 21 gorilla, chimp and duiker carcasses were tested for the Ebola virus, with 14 samples being found positive. In 11 cases, instances of human infection were directly linked to gorilla, chimpanzee and duiker carcasses.

To prevent future outbreaks from becoming health crises, health officials and wildlife researchers must continue to work together in monitoring the region's wildlife for signs of Ebola. Shortly after August 2001, participating agencies founded the Animal Mortality Monitoring Network in collaboration with Gabonese and Congolese Ministries of Forestry and Environment to predict and prevent outbreaks. On two occasions since then, the network alerted health authorities about potential human outbreaks weeks before they occurred.

"The signs of potential outbreaks often occur in remote areas, where roads are barely usable and communications limited," added Karesh. "Conservation organizations such as WCS are therefore critical to the early detection of the conditions that can lead to deadly health emergencies."


'"/>

Source:Wildlife Conservation Society


Related biology news :

1. Novel Asthma Study Shows Multiple Genetic Input Required; Single-gene Solution Shot Down
2. Emory Study Tests Bone Marrow Stem Cells to Improve Circulation in Legs
3. UCLA Study Shows One-Third of Drug Ads in Medical Journals Do Not Contain References Supporting Medical Claims
4. Study Demonstrates Gene Expression Microarrays are Comparable and Reproducible
5. Breakthrough Microarray-based Technology for the Study of Cancer
6. NYU Study Reveals How Brains Immune System Fights Viral Encephalitis
7. Study finds more than one-third of human genome regulated by RNA
8. Leukemia Drug Breakthrough Study In New England Journal Of Medicine
9. Study identifies predictors of HIV drug resistance in patients beginning triple therapy
10. New Study from Affymetrix Laboratories Points to Changing View of How Genome Works
11. Study: Soap And Water Work Best In Ridding Hands Of Disease Viruses
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:11/30/2016)... -- higi SH llc (higi) announced today the launch ... industry thought-leaders and celebrity influencers looking to encourage, ... steps to live healthier, more active lives. ... built the largest self-screening health station network in ... have conducted over 185 million biometric screenings.  The ...
(Date:11/28/2016)... , Nov. 28, 2016 ... a rate of 16.79%" The biometric system market ... grow further in the near future. The biometric system ... billion in 2022, at a CAGR of 16.79% between ... system, integration of biometric technology in smartphones, rising use ...
(Date:11/21/2016)... Nov. 21, 2016   Neurotechnology , a ... technologies, today announced that the MegaMatcher On Card ... submitted for the NIST Minutiae Interoperability Exchange ... the mandatory steps of the evaluation protocol. ... continuing test of fingerprint templates used to establish ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016 Oxford ... erweitert seine Palette an anpassbaren SureSeq™ NGS-Panels mit ... Panels, das ein schnelles und kostengünstiges Studium der ... bietet eine Erkennung von Einzel-Nukleotid-Variationen (Single Nucleotide Variation, ... einzigen kleinen Panel und ermöglicht eine individuelle Anpassung ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Microbial genomics leader, ... uBiome is one of just six company finalists in the Health & Medicine ... uBiome, companies nominated as finalists in this year’s awards include Google, SpaceX, Oculus, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016 Savannah River Remediation LLC ... selected NewTechBio,s NT-MAX Lake & Pond Sludge ... bacteria, in conjunction with Hexa Armor/ Rhombo cover ... National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System requirements. ... steady history of elevated pH levels, above 8.5, ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... McLean, VA (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 ... ... peer-reviewed medical journal has concluded that “in the setting of previously treated, advanced ... Further refinement in defining the optimal patient population and timing of blood sampling ...
Breaking Biology Technology: