Navigation Links
Stroke symptoms common among general population

As many as 18 percent of adults who have no history of stroke report having had at least one symptom of stroke, according to results of a large national study published in the October 9 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Using brain imaging to screen individuals without a history of stroke reveals that many have had an undiagnosed or silent stroke, according to background information in the article. One previous study found that 11 percent of individuals age 55 to 64, 22 percent of those ages 65 to 69 and 43 percent of those older than 85 years show evidence of stroke despite never having been diagnosed with the condition. Because awareness of stroke symptoms is low, it is possible that these individuals had symptoms but did not recognize them or that the symptoms did not reach the threshold necessary for a stroke diagnosis.

Virginia J. Howard, M.S.P.H., of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and colleagues analyzed data from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, a random sample of 18,462 adults older than 45 years (average age 65.8) who had not been diagnosed with stroke. To ensure including many individuals at risk for stroke, the researchers included 7,567 African Americans (41 percent of the total sample, a higher ratio than in the general population) and 6,534 (35.4 percent of the sample) residents of the so-called "stroke belt," which includes eight Southeastern states with increased rates of stroke. In telephone interviews, participants provided information about demographics, general quality of life and medical history, including whether a physician had ever told them they had a stroke and whether they had experienced the sudden onset of any of six stroke symptoms. Brief physical examinations were conducted three to four weeks later. A stroke risk score was calculated for each individual based on demographics, behaviors and other risk factors, with high er scores indicating a greater risk for stroke.

A total of 3,292 (17.8 percent) of the participants reported having had one or more stroke symptoms. Eight and one-half percent reported sudden numbness on one side of the body; 5.8 percent sudden weakness on one side of the body; 4.6 percent sudden vision loss in one or both eyes; 2.7 percent sudden loss of the ability to understand what others were saying; and 3.8 percent suddenly could not express themselves in speech or writing.

African Americans and those with lower incomes, less education, poorer health status and higher stroke risk scores were more likely to have had stroke symptoms. "The last finding suggests that at least some of these symptoms may represent stroke events that did not reach the threshold required for clinical diagnosis," the authors write. "These undiagnosed or unrecognized events could have a substantial impact on cognitive functioning or personality and could also be powerful harbingers of subsequent major strokes."

It is not known whether these individuals visited a physician for their symptoms, but previous studies have shown that many people do not seek medical care for stroke symptoms and if they do, they do not seek it immediately. "Targeted education on the warning signs of stroke and risk factor reduction efforts for individuals who report stroke symptoms may be helpful in improving early recognition and in the prevention of stroke," the authors conclude.
'"/>

Source:JAMA and Archives Journals


Related biology news :

1. Mystery Blood Vessel Disorder Implicated In Mini Strokes
2. Stroke treatment a step closer after trial
3. U. Iowa researchers improve Huntingtons disease symptoms in mice
4. Variant prion protein causes infection but no symptoms
5. Amphetamines reverse Parkinsons disease symptoms in mice
6. Gene therapy prevents the onset of diabetic symptoms in mice
7. Brain protein improves stroke symptoms in rats, even when injected after 3 days
8. Drug treatment improves learning in mice with Down syndrome symptoms, Stanford/Packard study shows
9. Night owls report more insomnia-related symptoms
10. Switching genes to overdrive improves muscular dystrophy symptoms in mice
11. Gene malfunctions cause schizophrenia, depression symptoms in mice

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/20/2016)... Jan. 20, 2016   MedNet Solutions , an ... spectrum of clinical research, is pleased to announce the ... achievements are the result of the company,s laser focus ... eClinical , it,s comprehensive, easy-to-use and highly affordable ... --> Key MedNet growth achievements in 2015 include: ...
(Date:1/18/2016)... , Jan. 18, 2016  Extenua Inc., ... that simplifies the use and access of ubiquitous ... go-to-market partnership with American Cyber.  ... extensive experience leading transformational C4ISR and Cyber initiatives ... integrating the latest proven technology solutions," said ...
(Date:1/13/2016)... ALBANY, New York , January 13, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Transparency Market Research has published a new market report ... Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2015 - 2023. According to ... mn in 2014 and is anticipated to reach US$1,625.8 ... from 2015 to 2023. In terms of volume, the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... 2016 , ... PharmApprove announced today the hiring ... for Rare Disorders (NORD). Dorman will lead PharmApprove efforts to work with patients, ... drug regulatory review process. , “Adding Diane Dorman is just the latest in ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... Three-Year Initiative Supports Next Generation of Medical Geneticists and  ... Experiences SHPG ) ... of children born with rare diseases, as well as the future ... a new initiative designed to positively affect the lives of children ... disease care. --> To mark the company,s founding 30 ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... 8, 2016 Should antibiotic bone cement products ... to prevent infection after standard total hip or knee ... ECRI Institute have been fielding a lot lately. ... Bottom Line?" --> "Antibiotic Bone ... --> While there isn,t a simple ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Thomas J. Todorow has joined ... President for Corporate Services and the Chief Financial Officer at The Children’s Hospital ... Treasury, Managed Care Contracting, Supply Chain, and Investments. , Prior to joining CHOP ...
Breaking Biology Technology: