Navigation Links
Sperm trading can resolve hermaphrodite mating conflicts

By directly manipulating mating performance in a tropical sea slug, Chelidonura hirundinina, researchers of the University of Tbingen have now shed light on the bizarre reproductive conflicts encountered by hermaphroditic animals. In some hermaphroditic species, such as C. hirundinina, mating partners may insist on copulating as a "male," "female," or both, resulting in unique biological conflicts over gender.

Sexual interactions in so-called cross-fertilizing simultaneous hermaphrodites, such as earthworms, snails, leeches, and some fishes, have long challenged researchers' understanding of how established theories regarding sexual selection apply in cases of hermaphroditic species. For example, combining male and female gender in one and the same individual, hermaphrodites have been predicted to frequently be at conflict (theoretically speaking) about which sexual roles to play, because matings are often more costly, in terms of evolutionary fitness, to one gender than to the other. In such cases, hermaphrodites are predicted to share a preference to copulate in the more beneficial gender role. This would appear to make the interests of any two potential mates incompatible. For 20 years, evolutionary biologists have speculated that hermaphrodites may solve such mating conflicts by "trading sperm," that is, giving sperm only when the mating partner follows suit. However, this prediction had never been proven experimentally.

In the new work, researchers Nils Anthes, Annika Putz, and Nico Michiels generated individual sea slug hermaphrodites only capable of performing a "dry" copulation--that is, without sperm transfer. Sea slugs that mated with such a "cheating" partner interrupted sexual intercourse significantly sooner than did control pairs. This supports the concept of sperm trading, where mates negotiate mating roles in order to balance sexual interactions.


'"/>

Source:Cell Press


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Sperm stem cells closer to being like embryonic stem cells
2. Sperm created in the laboratory from embryonic stem cells produce viable progeny
3. Crickets finicky mating behavior boosts biodiversity
4. PHACCS, an online tool for estimating the structure and diversity of uncultured viral communities using metagenomic information
5. Certain fish have a special mating preference
6. Space matters: Estimating species diversity in the fossil record
7. Weapon performance determines mating success in the collared lizard
8. Divergent mating systems and parental conflict as a barrier to hybridization in flowering plants
9. New study examines how sense of smell affects mating and aggression in mice
10. Same-sex mating by fungi spawned infection outbreak, evidence suggests
11. Male chimpanzees prefer mating with old females
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/23/2017)... N.Y. , June 23, 2017  IBM (NYSE: ... dairy research, today announced a new collaboration using next-generation ... chances that the global milk supply is impacted by ... Cornell University has become the newest academic institution to ... a food safety initiative that includes IBM Research, Mars, ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... 2017   Bridge Patient Portal , an ... MD EMR Systems , an electronic medical record ... have established a partnership to build an interface ... GE Centricity™ products, including Centricity Practice Solution (CPS), ... These new integrations will allow healthcare delivery networks ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... , April 18, 2017  Socionext Inc., a global expert in ... media edge server, the M820, which features the company,s hybrid codec ... provided by Tera Probe, Inc., will be showcased during the upcoming ... NAB show at the Las Vegas Convention ... Click ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/24/2017)... Intralytix, Inc. announced that it received $17.5 million in ... This investment marks the beginning of a close collaboration ... for various benefits in human health and in other ... As a global key player in yeasts ... for baking, food taste & pleasure, health care, and ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... July ... ... Strategic Analyst, Kenny Soulstring, today announced that the stock market news outlet ... in risk assessment diagnostic testing that screens and identifies exposure, progression and ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Resoundant, Inc. is pleased to introduce ... U.S. that offer MR Elastography for liver fibrosis staging. MR Elastography is ... liver fibrosis assessment. , “MRE:connect was created in response to an increasing number ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... July 20, 2017 , ... ... quality of life, today announced its full advisory board. The board comprises leaders ... promotion of James Crooks, PhD, former VP of Engineering, to Chief Technology Officer. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: