Navigation Links
Soil-bound prions that cause CWD remain infectious

Researchers discovered a new bacterium in an immune-compromised patient, according to a study recently published in PLoS Pathogens. The bacterium belongs to the family Acetobacteraceae and includes bacteria common in the environment, some of which are used in industry, such as vinegar-making. "This is the first reported case of invasive human disease caused by any of the Acetobacteraceae," according to the article.

The new bacterium was identified in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a rare genetic disorder that impairs the immune system. In the patient, the bacterium caused fever, lymph node inflammation, and weight loss, but not death.

The journal also published an editorial entitled, "Extending the Spectrum of Human Pathogens," which comments on the significance of the discovery.

Usually, our immune systems fight off most bacteria and fungi with everyday ease, thwarting infection. But patients with CGD cannot control attacks by certain bacteria and fungi. The disorder prevents immune cells called neutrophils from functioning properly, and recurrent --and potentially life-threatening-- infections result.

The team isolated the new bacterium from the patient's swollen lymph nodes and demonstrated its pathogenesis. "Our first concern was to determine whether this organism was truly associated with his clinical syndrome," the team wrote.

Despite ineffective neutrophil immune cells, the patient's immune system still tagged the bacterium as an invader. Researchers also exposed CGD mice to the bacterium, recreating the appearance of the patient's infection. Researchers were then able to retrieve the bacteria from the mice's spleens, which are disease-fighting organs. These factors all support the pathogenic nature of the bacterium.

Because the bacterium does not cause death, it may be provide useful comparison with more menacing bacteria and fungi in CGD patients. "Given its appare nt low virulence, further investigation of this organism may shed light on the mechanisms of microbial killing in CGD. Comparing the genome of this organism to other 13 available genomes of CGD pathogens may provide clues to virulence properties that they share in common," according to the article.


'"/>

Source:University of Wisconsin-Madison


Related biology news :

1. First technology to remove prions that cause vCJD from blood launched
2. Research into how prions act in the brain could hold the key to defeating diseases
3. Brittle prions are more infectious
4. Dysentery uses sword and shield to cause infection
5. Scientists detect probable genetic cause of some Parkinsons disease cases
6. BRCA1 causes ovarian cancer through indirect, biochemical route
7. Scientists decipher genome of fungus that can cause life-threatening infections
8. Researchers discover molecule that causes secondary stroke
9. Molecule that usually protects infection-fighting cells may cause plaque deposits inside arteries
10. NASA study finds snow melt causes large ocean plant blooms
11. Emergence of cancer as major cause of childhood death in developing countries is not being adequately addressed
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/8/2016)... , February 8, 2016 ... platform which presents innovation for clients, comfort and ... called VoiceKey. --> Worldcore is ... innovation for clients, comfort and unbeatable security, with ... --> Worldcore is the first ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... -- The field of Human Microbiome research and ... hubs of the biotechnology industry. While the Human ... human microbiota, have garnered a lot of attention ... has literally exploded in terms of both basic ... on biomedical aspects of research, development, and commercial ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... , February 3, 2016 ... market research report "Automated Fingerprint Identification System Market by ... Search), Application (Banking & Finance, Government, Healthcare, and Transportation) ... MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to be worth USD ... 21.0% between 2015 and 2020. The transformation and technology ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... 2016 DelveInsight,s, "Protein-Tyrosine ... provides in depth insights on the pipeline ... Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) Inhibitors. The DelveInsight,s ... stages of development including Discovery, Pre-clinical, IND, ... Preregistration. Report covers the product clinical trials ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... DURHAM, N.C. , Feb. 8, 2016 Novan, Inc. ... named Chairman of the Board of Directors of Novan. In addition, ... Directors. North Carolina . ... The Company also announced that it received a total of $32.8 ... December 2015 from its private investor network originating throughout the Research ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Franz Inc. ... Graph Database technology, today announced the availability of AllegroGraph 6, the leading Semantic ... Cloudera Certified Technology Program (CCPT). AllegroGraph is the first Semantic Graph ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... , ... February 06, 2016 , ... The Center for ... for middle and high school teachers on Wednesday February 10, 2016. This Bite ... the Smithsonian-Mason School of Conservation, located at 1500 Remount Road in Front Royal, VA ...
Breaking Biology Technology: