Navigation Links
Signs of aging: Scientists evaluate genes associated with longevity

Scientists at the BC Cancer Agency's Genome Sciences Centre in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and at the University of Missouri-Columbia have collaborated on a detailed study to elucidate gene-expression patterns implicated in the aging process. Their results appear online today in the journal Genome Research.

Led by Dr. Angela Brooks-Wilson, Senior Scientist at the BC Cancer Agency's Genome Sciences Centre, and Dr. Donald Riddle, Professor of Biology at the University of Missouri, the team prepared SAGE (serial analysis of gene expression) libraries from roundworms that contained a mutated form of the daf-2 gene, which is a principal lifespan-determining factor in C. elegans. Worms that lack fully functional daf-2 exhibit significantly extended lives, persisting approximately twice as long as their wild-type counterparts.

Daf-2 was first reported as a critical aging-associated gene in 1993, but since that time, scientists have identified dozens of additional genes that are crucial for longevity. "Aging is a complex process," explains Dr. Brooks-Wilson. "It is commonly believed that a variety of genes and metabolic pathways contribute to the deterioration of cells, tissues and organisms during aging."

In an effort to perform a comprehensive analysis of gerontology-related genes, the researchers compared gene-expression libraries obtained from daf-2 mutants to those obtained from controls at different ages. They predicted that genes exhibiting coordinated up- or down-regulation from early to late adulthood would be those most critical to the vital biological process of aging. In addition, they reasoned that some of the genes that were differentially expressed between daf-2 mutants and controls would also be associated with longevity.

Most strikingly, the scientists observed that during the early and mid-life adult stages of daf-2 mutants, genes associated with metabolic processes exhibited repressed expression. This 'hypo-metaboli c' state, which involved major lipid, nucleic acid, protein, and energy pathways, became less pronounced with advanced age. "We speculate that the apparent metabolic repression in early and mid-life adults contributes substantially to the observed longevity of daf-2," says Dr. Julius Halaschek-Wiener, a researcher at the BC Cancer Agency's Genome Sciences Centre and first author on the study.

Another notable observation was that stress-response factors such as hsp, mtl-1, gst-1, and sip-1 were more abundantly expressed in the aging adult worms as compared to the early and mid-life adults. These genes were also differentially expressed between daf-2 mutants and controls, consistent with current theories that protection against cellular stress is associated with increased lifespan.

The researchers hope that their observations in C. elegans will contribute to our understanding of human aging. "Many processes involved in nematode aging may have fundamental and analogous roles in humans," Dr. Brooks-Wilson explains. "The human orthologs of some gene family members identified in this study have been associated with human age-related diseases."

SAGE involves the isolation of short gene-specific sequence tags and provides an unbiased and quantitative measurement of gene-expression differences. This study was the first to utilize SAGE to analyze aging-related gene-expression changes. It is expected that the large volume of SAGE data generated for this study will also be utilized to more fully annotate the C. elegans transcriptome, resulting in a refined estimate of gene number and organization in this species.


'"/>

Source:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory


Related biology news :

1. Scientists ID molecular switch in liver that triggers harmful effects of saturated and trans fats
2. Scientists Replicate Hepatitis C Virus in Laboratory
3. Scientists detect probable genetic cause of some Parkinsons disease cases
4. Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway
5. Scientists seek answers on what activates deadly anthrax spores
6. Yale Scientists Find MicroRNA Regulates Ras Cancer Gene
7. Scientists collaborate to assess health of global environment
8. Scientists decipher genome of fungus that can cause life-threatening infections
9. Scientists discover the cellular roots of graying hair
10. Scientists rid stem cell culture of key animal cells
11. Scientists develop new color-coded test for protein folding
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/7/2017)... --  MedNet Solutions , an innovative SaaS-based eClinical technology ... is pleased to announce that the latest release of ... and award winning eClinical solution, is now available for ... a proven Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) clinical research technology platform that ... delivers an entire suite of eClinical tools to support ...
(Date:2/3/2017)... WASHINGTON , Feb. 3, 2017 A ... Identity Strategy Partners, LLP (IdSP) . Designed to ... in the complex identity market, founding partners Mark ... nearly 35 combined years just in identity expertise that ... tank and non-profit leadership. The Crego-Kephart combined expertise has ...
(Date:1/31/2017)... 31, 2017  Spero Therapeutics, LLC, a biopharmaceutical ... treatment of bacterial infections, today announced it has ... from Pro Bono Bio Ltd (PBB) to bolster ... resistant forms of Gram-negative bacteria.   The assets acquired ... a PBB group company. "The acquisition ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... Chef Jodi Abel has returned from her ... in several cities, she gained a number of delicious recipes and new techniques to ... in South Africa’s Western Cape province. It is internationally renowned for its incredible ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... KONG, Feb. 24, 2017 China Cord Blood Corporation ... China,s leading provider of cord blood collection, laboratory testing, ... today announced its unaudited financial results for the third ... ended December 31, 2016. Third Quarter of ... third quarter of fiscal 2017 increased by 18.6% to ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... LONDON and NEW YORK ... at HIMSS, Lumeon , a leading digital ... (DN Telehealth), a provider of telemedicine and remote ... care pathways for telemedicine reimbursements.  ... and their patients, in real-time, extending consultations beyond ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , Feb. 23, 2017  In Atlanta, it seems everyone ... and culture intertwine to create an expressive and dynamic community ... this energy and contribute to it. With ... Hair Fairies seeks to carry on that tradition with ... Atlanta salon is the newest of 13 ...
Breaking Biology Technology: