Navigation Links
Scientists uncover new clues about brain function in human behavior

al brain imaging (fMRI) to study the amygdala and structures linked to it in 13 participants with Williams Syndrome who were selected to have normal intelligence (Williams Syndrome is usually associated with some degree of mental retardation or learning impairment) and compared to healthy controls. Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, M.D., Ph.D., and Karen Berman, M.D., from the NIMH Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, and colleagues, then showed participants pictures of angry or fearful faces. Such faces are known to be highly socially relevant danger signals that strongly activate the amygdala. The fMRI showed considerably less activation of the amygdala in participants with Williams Syndrome than in the healthy volunteers (see graphic below). These findings suggest that reduced danger signaling by the amygdala in response to social stimuli might be responsible for their fearlessness in social interactions.

Next, researchers showed the study participants pictures of threatening scenes (a burning building or a plane crash), which did not have any people or faces in them and thus had no immediate social component. In remarkable contrast to the response to faces, the amygdala response to threatening scenes was abnormally increased in participants with Williams Syndrome (see graphic below), mirroring their severe non-social anxiety.

"The amygdala response perfectly reflected the unique profile of social and non-social anxiety in Williams Syndrome," said Meyer-Lindenberg. "Because our data showed that the amygdala did still function, although abnormally, in Williams Syndrome, we wondered whether it might be its regulation by other brain regions that was the cause of the amygdala abnormalities."

To investigate this, the scientists looked at the whole brain to identify other regions where reactivity was different between Williams's participants and healthy volunteers. They identified three areas of the prefrontal cortex, located in the front part of th
'"/>

Source:NIH/National Institute of Mental Health


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scientists ID molecular switch in liver that triggers harmful effects of saturated and trans fats
2. Scientists Replicate Hepatitis C Virus in Laboratory
3. Scientists detect probable genetic cause of some Parkinsons disease cases
4. Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway
5. Scientists seek answers on what activates deadly anthrax spores
6. Yale Scientists Find MicroRNA Regulates Ras Cancer Gene
7. Scientists collaborate to assess health of global environment
8. Scientists decipher genome of fungus that can cause life-threatening infections
9. Scientists discover the cellular roots of graying hair
10. Scientists rid stem cell culture of key animal cells
11. Scientists develop new color-coded test for protein folding
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Scientists uncover new clues about brain function human behavior

(Date:7/11/2014)... When researchers at the National Institute of Standards ... do their work more effectively, they often prove ... Such was the case recently for M. Lorna ... in the growing specialization of glycomics. Glycomics is ... called glycans that are attached to proteins and ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... Ume University, Sweden, have explored two different ways ... sequence leading to the formation of oxygen molecules ... in the scientific journal Nature Communications . ... day synthetic catalysts for water oxidation, which are ... the direct storage of solar energy in fuels ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... that under the normal circumstances, astrocytes participate ... neuronal environment, and exhibit therapeutic and repairing ... Previous studies have found that nerve cells ... induction have reduced viability, which produces influences ... Yuan, Kailuan General Hospital, Hebei United University, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Molecular snapshots of oxygen formation in photosynthesis 2
... we,ve been told, eliminating or severely limiting fats from ... in patients suffering from heart failure, a study at ... Results from biological model studies conducted by assistant professor ... researchers, demonstrate that a high-fat diet improved overall mechanical ...
... WASHINGTON The Chesapeake Bay Program is a ... jurisdictions in the bay watershed to oversee the restoration ... the extent of pollutants -- such as nitrogen, phosphorus, ... from the National Research Council assesses the framework used ...
... a researcher at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Margareta ... permafrost. "The changes we see are dramatic. And ... from the norm when compared with a longer term perspective", ... of the globe that is warming up fastest today. Measurements ...
Cached Biology News:Damaged hearts pump better when fueled with fats 2Chesapeake Bay program's 2-year milestones improve upon past strategies, but accounting of progress remains a challenge 2A new research report shows effects of climate change in the Arctic are more extensive than expected 2A new research report shows effects of climate change in the Arctic are more extensive than expected 3
(Date:7/10/2014)... 2014 Product and process impurities ... abundance and are often “lost in the noise,” ... Join presenters Dr. Rowel Tobias, Senior Scientist, Protein ... Head of Quality at Nanotherapeutics, Inc., to lear ... speed detection and quantitation while achieving the required ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... (PRWEB) July 10, 2014 Terascala, the ... announced that Alan Swahn, a former vice president of ... team as vice president of marketing. Terascala’s software when ... and NetApp create the highest performance and most reliable ... appointed to guide Terascala’s channel expansion and broaden its ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... OMICS Group’s 5th International conference and exhibition ... at Double Tree by Hilton Beijing, China is all ... & Bioanalytical research methods only to facilitate improved living ... Dr. Srinubabu Gedela, MD of OMICS Group Inc has ... one in bringing a unique and international mix of ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... , July 10, 2014  Franciscan ... use of capnography for respiratory monitoring outside ... of healthcare leaders in embracing state-of-the-art patient ... effectively patients are breathing and can alert ... By measuring the amount of carbon dioxide ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Novel Ms Techniques Speed Detection of Biopharmaceutical Product and Process Impurities, New Webinar Hosted by Xtalks 2Terascala Expands Executive Team 2Terascala Expands Executive Team 3A Critical Review of Analytical Techniques for Improved Living Standards 2A Critical Review of Analytical Techniques for Improved Living Standards 3A Critical Review of Analytical Techniques for Improved Living Standards 4Franciscan St. Anthony Health-Crown Point Underscores Patient Safety Commitment Through Expanded Use of Capnography 2
... has succeeded in significantly increasing the sensitivity of the ... on this topic at Delft University of Technology on ... and astronomers from around the world are currently working ... of 66 advanced telescopes which will be placed at ...
... Iceland, February 3 deCODE genetics,(Nasdaq: DCGN ) ... letter from,the Nasdaq Listing Qualifications Panel (the "Panel") stating ... stock from the Nasdaq Global,Market to the Nasdaq Capital ... Wednesday, February 4, 2009. The Nasdaq Capital Market, which ...
... DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) omega-3 innovator and maker of the ... today that it has entered into a license agreement ... is a process widely used in food manufacturing that ... the nutritional value, shelf-life and flavor of the finished ...
Cached Biology Technology:Nanotechnology makes supertelescopes much more sensitive 2deCODE Announces Transfer of the Listing of its Common Stock from Nasdaq Global Market to Nasdaq Capital Market 2deCODE Announces Transfer of the Listing of its Common Stock from Nasdaq Global Market to Nasdaq Capital Market 3Martek, General Mills Collaborate on Microencapsulation Technology for Food Applications 2Martek, General Mills Collaborate on Microencapsulation Technology for Food Applications 3
... has over 23 years of experience in ... have made antibodies to large and small ... antigens, and plasmid DNA-encoded antigens. We understand ... so our hybridoma development programs are never ...
... Rapid-Screen cDNA Library Panels were designed for ... sets of PCRs to identify the desired ... performed in a 96-well "Master Plate," where ... clones. Having identified the positive well(s) by ...
... The Rapid-Screen cDNA Library Panels were ... just three sets of PCRs to identify ... analysis is performed in a 96-well "Master ... from 5,000 clones. Having identified the positive ...
... CBED Maxi Kit provides a fast and ... protein solutions for buffer exchange, and for removing ... kit is based on spin-column chromatography using Norgens ... such as MgCl 2 , NaCl, KCl, CaCl ...
Biology Products: