Navigation Links
Scalpel-free surgery could reduce risk of HIV and hepatitis exposure for health care workers

While the incidence of disease from HIV and hepatitis is increasing in the United States, little is known about their prevalence in patients undergoing surgery. Now, researchers have shown that nearly 40 percent of surgeries at The Johns Hopkins Hospital occur in patients who tested positive for a bloodborne germ.

"While these rates are alarming, they are not entirely unexpected. General precautions have been in effect for some time to prevent the spread of disease to health care workers in the operating room," said Martin A. Makary, M.D., assistant professor of surgery and public health at Johns Hopkins and lead author of a report in the May 2005 issue of the Annals of Surgery.

"Given the high incidence of these infections, however, we have developed new strategies such as 'sharpless' surgery-a surgical technique which uses high-technology alternatives to needles and knives. We advocate using these techniques whenever possible in high-risk settings to further protect health care workers from accidental transmission," added Makary.

Sharpless surgical techniques include laparoscopy, electrocautery to replace scalpel incisions, and skin clips or glue instead of sewing to close or repair wounds.

Previous studies have shown that health care workers are injured in about 7 percent of operations. As many as 87 percent of surgeons will receive an injury that breaks the skin -- thus allowing for possible disease transmission - at some point in their career. There are an estimated 40,000 new cases of HIV each year, and hepatitis C is increasing at an even faster rate, according to the report. The study concludes that by studying the rates of HIV and hepatitis B and C among patients presenting for surgery, a more accurate incidence of disease is measured within a community, bypassing the selection bias of traditional statistics of known infected patients presenting to primary care clinics. Furthermore, the authors report that blood-borne pathogen
'"/>

Source:Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Rare surgery performed to remove pancreas, prevent diabetes
2. 3D ultrasound device poised to advance minimally invasive surgery
3. For one Stanford doctor, the beat goes on during open-heart surgery
4. Unique equine cataract surgery offered on routine basis
5. Cheaper and simpler keyhole surgery
6. Robot assisted surgery more accurate than conventional surgery
7. U of MN uses robotic surgery techniques in cardiac cell therapy research
8. New biologic treatment for tennis elbow may replace surgery for chronic sufferers
9. Jefferson scientists find high glucose before surgery raises risk of dangerous complications
10. Successful lung cancer surgery not enough to break nicotine dependence in many smokers
11. Computer scientists unravel language of surgery
Post Your Comments:
(Date:9/2/2014)... suggests that professional baseball pitchers with poor core stability are ... single season because of injury than are pitchers who have ... , In the study, 347 pitchers were assessed for lumbopelvic ... pelvis as they raised a leg to step up were ... 30 days cumulative, not consecutive during the season ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... If you think losing weight is enough to prevent Type ... report in September 2014 issue of The FASEB ... overweight to develop Type 2 diabetes. This study compared genetically ... a fast-food meal, the circulating metabolites, including those related to ... same levels. These findings suggest that the onset of ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... (September 2, 2014) In the battle between our ... unknown ally in bacteria-killing viruses known as phages. In ... Hospital, Partners In Health, Haiti,s National Public Health Laboratory, ... to give up their virulence in order to survive. ... found that cholera,s mutational escape from phage predation ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):In pro baseball pitchers, weak core linked to more missed days 2In pro baseball pitchers, weak core linked to more missed days 3What you eat and not just the number of calories, is a significant factor in diabetes risk 2War between bacteria and phages benefits humans 2War between bacteria and phages benefits humans 3
... Long touted as an energy-saving alternative for home ... to be even more efficient, as well as dimmable, ... by householders as a longer-lasting, energy efficient alternative to ... the power and last 1,000 times longer than incandescent ...
... and her colleagues have identified a specific DNA change ... in some people. It provides a potential mechanism that ... consistent with the growing trend of personalized medicine. ... issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry ...
... used as live bait for freshwater fishing. With ... channel catfish and other freshwater fishes. They may ... in bait shops in Arizona, Colorado and New Mexico ... a chytrid fungus called Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). "These ...
Cached Biology News:Queen's researchers shine light on compact fluorescent bulb problems 2Altered gene can increase risk of schizophrenia 2Altered gene can increase risk of schizophrenia 3Spring fishing season arrives... and with it, amphibian diseases 2Spring fishing season arrives... and with it, amphibian diseases 3
(Date:9/2/2014)... September 02, 2014 The inventors of ... for chronic tinnitus are seeking support for development costs ... Indiegogo platform ( http://igg.me/at/tinaway ), was launched on September ... therapeutic ‘mHealth’ app and is based on ten years ... team of biomedical and software engineers, Dr. Ian Dixon ...
(Date:8/31/2014)... PARSIPPANY, N.J. , Aug. 31, 2014 ... New Drug Discovery program in Anti-Infective research when two ... the coveted Qualified Infectious Disease Product (QIDP) status from ... granted to drugs which act against pathogens which have ... and are identified by Centre for Disease Control (a ...
(Date:8/30/2014)... (PRWEB) August 31, 2014 The ... a professional and in-depth study on the current ... Global and China. , The report provides a ... and industry chain structure. Global market analysis and ... focus on history, developments, trends and competitive landscape ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... According to a new market report published by ... was valued at USD 3,754.6 million in 2012 and is ... a CAGR of 5.9% from 2013 to 2019. , Nearly ... afflicted by bone and joint disorders, and this number is ... and will continue to increase the demand for orthobiologics. Other ...
Breaking Biology Technology:tinAway Pty. Ltd. launch a crowdfunding campaign to fund a clinical trial of tinAway, a new potential cure for chronic tinnitus 2tinAway Pty. Ltd. launch a crowdfunding campaign to fund a clinical trial of tinAway, a new potential cure for chronic tinnitus 3tinAway Pty. Ltd. launch a crowdfunding campaign to fund a clinical trial of tinAway, a new potential cure for chronic tinnitus 4tinAway Pty. Ltd. launch a crowdfunding campaign to fund a clinical trial of tinAway, a new potential cure for chronic tinnitus 5U.S. FDA Grants QIDP Status for Wockhardt Anti-Infective Drug Discovery Program 2U.S. FDA Grants QIDP Status for Wockhardt Anti-Infective Drug Discovery Program 3Electrical Insulating Varnish Market World, China Regional Analysis & 2020 Forecasts Available at DeepResearchReports.com 2Electrical Insulating Varnish Market World, China Regional Analysis & 2020 Forecasts Available at DeepResearchReports.com 3Global Orthobiologics Market to Reach $5,519.9 Million by 2019: Transparency Market Research 2Global Orthobiologics Market to Reach $5,519.9 Million by 2019: Transparency Market Research 3
... Inc. (NYSE Amex: CUR ) announced it ... develop its human neural stem cell technology for the ... "Research to Treat Cancerous Brain Tumors with Neural Stem ... Investigator John Zhang, MD, PhD, Professor of Neurosurgery, Loma ...
... that attacks the small intestines of humans and animals ... can fight disease and aid in military operations. ... engineering, at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and his ... attachment of the microorganism Giardia. Giardia causes one of ...
... Informex , the leading meeting place for buyers ... introduction of a new conference, ,Business Strategies for ... to be hosted October 5-6th, 2011 in Boston, ... topics regarding the future of pharma, sourcing strategies ...
Cached Biology Technology:Neuralstem Awarded Department of Defense Contract for Brain Cancer Research 2Neuralstem Awarded Department of Defense Contract for Brain Cancer Research 3UT professor's pathogen research inspires robotics design for medicine and military 2New Conference Offers Solutions for Success in the Growing Biologics Market 2New Conference Offers Solutions for Success in the Growing Biologics Market 3
... cytopathic effect inhibition assays, also known as CPE ... culture supernatents; serum from PK studies and delivery ... defined as the quantity of interferon required per ... infection by 50%. All standards used ...
... CGH Genomic Labeling Systems are a high-performance ... genomic DNA samples for array-based Comparative Genomic ... direct labeling formats, the BioPrime Plus Array ... solution to your genomic labeling needs. ...
... are cytopathic effect inhibition assays, also known as ... tissue culture supernatents; serum from PK studies and ... is defined as the quantity of interferon required ... viral infection by 50%. All standards ...
... PBL's bioassays for interferons are cytopathic effect ... assays. Sample types include; tissue culture supernatents; ... In these assays, one unit is defined as ... reduce the cytopathic effect of viral infection by ...
Biology Products: