Navigation Links
Satellites show Amazon parks, indigenous reserves stop forest clearing

Conservation scientists generally agree that many types of protected areas will be needed to protect tropical forests. However, little is known about the comparative performance of inhabited and uninhabited reserves in slowing the most extreme form of forest disturbance: conversion to agriculture.

In a paper recently published in Conservation Biology (2006, Vol 20, pages 65-73), an international team of scientists, led by Daniel Nepstad of the Woods Hole Research Center and the Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazonia, use satellite data to demonstrate, for the first time, that rainforest parks and indigenous territories halt deforestation and forest fires.

According to Nepstad, "Protecting indigenous and traditional peoples' lands and natural areas in the Amazon works to stop deforestation. The idea that many parks in the tropics only exist 'on paper' must be re-examined as must the notion that indigenous reserves are less effective than parks in protecting nature."

While previous studies had queried park managers about reserve performance, this study is the first to evaluate the effectiveness of tropical protected areas against forest clearing using quantitative analysis of satellite data. The group used satellite-based maps of land cover and fire occurrence between 1997 and 2000 to compare parks and indigenous lands. Deforestation was 1.7 to 20 times higher along the outside versus the inside perimeter of reserves, while fires were 4 to 9 times higher. Indigenous lands clearly stopped clearing in high-deforestation frontier regions: 33 of 38 indigenous territories with annual deforestation greater than 1.5 percent outside their borders had inner deforestation rates of 0.75 percent or less. Few parks are located in active frontier areas (4 of 15 in the sample) than indigenous lands (33 of 38). But parks' and indigenous lands' ability to inhibit deforestation appear similar.

Indigenous lands occupy one-fifth of the B razilian Amazon ?five times the area under protection in parks ?and are currently the most important barrier to Amazon deforestation. Some conservationists argue that with acculturation to market society, indigenous peoples will cease to protect forests. But the authors found that virtually all indigenous lands substantially inhibit deforestation up to 400 years after contact with the national society. There was no correlation between population density in indigenous areas and inhibition of deforestation. In much of the Amazon, not only can protecting nature be reconciled with human habitation ?it wouldn't happen without the people.

Extensive intact forests on indigenous territories are central to large-scale conservation in the Amazon. Last year, the Brazilian government created a 5 million hectare mosaic of different kinds of reserves in the Terra do Meio region of Pará state. This connects two existing blocks of indigenous lands into a continuous corridor of protected tropical forest areas of 24 million hectares, the largest in the Amazon and the world. With broad alliances of support from indigenous groups, smallholder farmers, environmentalists, and government, it is possible to create protected areas in the active frontier of the Amazon and elsewhere. This is good news for governments and environmental groups, who have assumed for years that the most important tool for tropical forest conservation is the creation of protected areas.

A tropical forest ecologist, Nepstad has studied Amazon forests and strategies for their conservation for the last 21 years. His research includes forest fires and "savannization", the analysis of public policies to conserve the Amazon's natural resources, the prediction of future trends of Amazon forests and people, and the environmental certification of the region's cattle ranchers and soy farmers. Based in Belém, Brazil, he leads the Center's Amazon program. In 1995, he co-founded the Amazon Institute of Environmental Studies (Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia), now the largest independent research institution in the Amazon region. He has published more than 75 scientific articles and books on the Amazon. In 1994, he was awarded a Pew Scholars Fellowship in Conservation.


'"/>

Source:Woods Hole Research Center


Related biology news :

1. Satellites shed light on global warming
2. Amazon symposium to address large-scale conservation
3. Amazon source of 5-year-old river breath
4. Assessing the Amazon Rivers sensitivity to deforestation
5. Woods Hole Research Center plans controlled burn in Amazon rainforest
6. Ants, not evil spirits, create devils gardens in the Amazon rainforest, study finds
7. NASA satellite data provides rapid analysis of Amazon deforestation
8. Logging doubles threat to the Amazon, rivaling clear-cutting, study suggests
9. Amazon trees much older than assumed, raising questions on global climate impact of region
10. Why the Amazon rainforest is so rich in species
11. Amazonian terra preta can transform poor soil into fertile
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/3/2016)... , May 3, 2016  Neurotechnology, a provider ... MegaMatcher Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS) , ... multi-biometric projects. MegaMatcher ABIS can process multiple complex ... any combination of fingerprint, face or iris biometrics. ... SDK and MegaMatcher Accelerator , which ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... SAN FRANCISCO and BANGALORE, India ... part of EdgeVerve Systems, a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: ... service provider, today announced a global partnership that ... convenient way to use mobile banking and payment services. ... Mobility is a key innovation area for financial services, but ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... -- First quarter 2016:   , Revenues ... first quarter of 2015 The gross margin was 49% ... and the operating margin was 40% (-13) Earnings per ... from operations was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , Outlook ... 7,000-8,500 M. The operating margin for 2016 is estimated ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... than LaJollaCooks4u, San Diego’s premiere hands-on cooking experience. Offering everything from gourmet cooking ... an experience she won’t forget. , Guests that visit LaJollaCooks4u share an experience ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... PBI-Gordon Corporation is pleased ... Sales. , Doug began his career at PBI-Gordon in February 1988, after finishing ... wide variety of roles, ranging from customer service to national product manager, to helping ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... CEO 2016 on May 31st and June 1st at The Four Seasons Hotel ... executives in the life sciences, offering exclusive access to key decision makers who ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... THE WOODLANDS, Texas , May 3, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... board certified plastic surgeon in The Woodlands, ... technology that destroys 24 percent of treated fat cells ... men and woman. Close to 90 percent of Americans ... effective treatment options. Nonsurgical fat reduction procedures are a ...
Breaking Biology Technology: